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Territory in south Asia, ruled since 2008 by the Sanghiya Loktāntrik Ganatantra Nepāl

Nepal (Nepali: नेपाल Nepāl), officially the *Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal (Nepali: सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल Sanghiya Loktāntrik Ganatantra Nepāl), is a landlocked country in South Asia. It is located mainly in the Himalayas but also includes parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plain. With an estimated population of 26.4 million, it is 48th largest country by population and 93rd largest country by area. It borders China in the north and India in the south, east and west while Bangladesh is located within only 27 km of its southeastern tip and Bhutan is separated from it by the Indian state of Sikkim. Nepal has a diverse geography, including fertile plains, subalpine forested hills and eight of the world's ten tallest mountains, including Mount Everest, the highest point on Earth. Kathmandu is the nation's capital and largest city. Nepal is a multiethnic nation with Nepali as the official language.

Geographical type: Territory

Latitude: 28.17° N — Longitude: 84.25° E

Area: 147,181 km²

ISO 3166-2 code: NP

Measures of Freedom

Human Freedom Index [PDF], The Human Freedom Index 2021
2019: 7.12, Rank: 84, Personal Freedom: 7.41, Economic Freedom: 6.71
Level of Economic Freedom, Economic Freedom of the World
2014: 6.54, Rank: 108
Nepal | Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2016
2016: Status: Partly Free, Aggregate Score: 51, Political Rights: 3, Civil Liberties: 4
Nepal ratified its first democratic constitution on September 20, 2015, establishing a bicameral parliament with the prime minister as chief executive, and organizing the state into seven new provinces. It was approved with 507 out of 601 votes by the Nepalese Constituent Assembly (CA), with most dissent coming from pro-Hindu opponents of secularization or representatives of ethnic minorities concerned that the new provincial boundaries will weaken their political influence.

The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "Nepal" as of 19 Sep 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.