Nepal (Nepali: नेपाल Nepāl), officially the *Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal (Nepali: सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल Sanghiya Loktāntrik Ganatantra Nepāl), is a landlocked country in South Asia. It is located mainly in the Himalayas but also includes parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plain. With an estimated population of 26.4 million, it is 48th largest country by population and 93rd largest country by area. It borders China in the north and India in the south, east and west while Bangladesh is located within only 27 km of its southeastern tip and Bhutan is separated from it by the Indian state of Sikkim. Nepal has a diverse geography, including fertile plains, subalpine forested hills and eight of the world's ten tallest mountains, including Mount Everest, the highest point on Earth. Kathmandu is the nation's capital and largest city. Nepal is a multiethnic nation with Nepali as the official language.
Measures of Freedom
2014: 6.79, Rank: 84, Personal Freedom: 7.04, Economic Freedom: 6.54, Democracy Index: 4.57
2014: 6.54, Rank: 108
2016: Status: Partly Free, Aggregate Score: 51, Political Rights: 3, Civil Liberties: 4
The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "Nepal" as of 19 Sep 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.