Territory in Central America, ruled since 1987 by the República de Nicaragua

Nicaragua, officially the Republic of Nicaragua (Spanish: República de Nicaragua), is the largest country in the Central American isthmus, bordered by Honduras to the northwest, the Caribbean to the east, Costa Rica to the south and the Pacific Ocean to the southwest. Managua is the country's capital and largest city and is also the third-largest city in Central America, behind Tegucigalpa and Guatemala City. The multi-ethnic population of six million includes people of indigenous, European, African and Asian heritage. The main language is Spanish. Native tribes on the Mosquito Coast speak their own languages and English.

Measures of Freedom

Human Freedom Index [PDF], The Human Freedom Index 2016
2014: 6.88, Rank: 76, Personal Freedom: 6.38, Economic Freedom: 7.39, Democracy Index: 4.88
Level of Economic Freedom, Economic Freedom of the World
2014: 7.39, Rank: 45
Nicaragua | Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2016
2016: Status: Partly Free, Aggregate Score: 54, Political Rights: 4, Civil Liberties: 3
"In 2015, the dominance of the ruling Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN) continued to be a point of contention with the opposition, which has found itself increasingly marginalized in recent years. Tensions have increased ahead of the 2016 national elections, as opposition protesters demanded electoral reforms. Meanwhile, President Daniel Ortega still enjoyed high approval ratings, largely as a result of his handling of the economy and popular social programs."

Articles

Improve the CIA? Better to abolish it, by Chalmers Johnson, San Francisco Chronicle, 22 Feb 2004
Lists countries where the CIA conducted subversive operations and recommends abolishing the agency.
"Since the overthrow of the Iranian government in 1953, the CIA has engaged in similar disguised assaults on the governments of Guatemala (1954); the Congo (1960); Cuba (1961); Brazil (1964); Indonesia (1965); Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia (1961-73); Greece (1967); Chile (1973); Afghanistan (1979 to the present); El Salvador, Guatemala and Nicaragua (1980s); and Iraq (1991 to the present) -- to name only the most obvious cases."
Totalitarian Busybodies: The horrors of the Stasi's East Germany, by Glenn Garvin, Reason, Jan 2006
Review of Stasiland: True Stories from Behind the Berlin Wall by Anna Funder and After the Wall: Confessions from an East German Childhood and the Life That Came Next by Jana Hensel
"In ... revolutionary Nicaragua, the [government] created watch committees on every block ... called Committees for the Defense of Sandinismo ... They encouraged neighbors to engage in 'revolutionary vigilance'—that is, to rat out one another for anything ... that seemed suspicious or contrary to the regime's moral and political orthodoxies."
Related Topics: Cuba, Germany

Videos


Pirates and Emperors - Schoolhouse Rock, 17 Sep 2006
Related Topics: Imperialism, Iran, Iraq

The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "Nicaragua" as of 23 Sep 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.