Oklahoma (Pawnee: Uukuhuúwa, Cayuga: Gahnawiyoˀgeh) is a state in the South Central region of the United States, bordered by Kansas on the north, Missouri on the northeast, Arkansas on the east, Texas on the south, New Mexico on the west and Colorado on the northwest. It is the 20th most extensive and the 28th most populous of the 50 states. The state's name is derived from the Choctaw words okla and humma, meaning "red people". It is also known informally by its nickname, "The Sooner State", in reference to the non-Native settlers who staked their claims on land before the official opening date of lands in the western Oklahoma Territory or before the Indian Appropriations Act of 1889, which dramatically increased European-American settlement in the eastern Indian Territory. Oklahoma Territory and Indian Territory were merged into the State of Oklahoma when it became the 46th state on 16 November 1907. Its residents are known as Oklahomans (or colloquially, "Okies"), and its capital and largest city is Oklahoma City.
Geographical type: Territory
Latitude: 35.5° N — Longitude: 98° W
Area: 181,295 km²
ISO 3166-2 code: US-OK
Measures of Freedom
2014: Overall rank: 2, fiscal policy rank: 5, regulatory policy rank: 10, personal freedom rank: 30, economic freedom rank: 4
31 Dec 2005: Number of Members: 106
The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "Oklahoma" as of 2 Nov 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.