Territory in eastern Africa, nominally ruled since 1960 by the Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliya

Somalia (Somali: Soomaaliya; Arabic: الصومال‎, translit. aṣ-Ṣūmāl), officially the Federal Republic of Somalia (Somali: Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliya, Arabic: جمهورية الصومال الفيدرالية‎, translit. Jumhūrīyat aṣ-Ṣūmāl al-Fidirālīyah), is a country located in the Horn of Africa. It is bordered by Ethiopia to the west, Djibouti to the northwest, the Gulf of Aden to the north, the Guardafui Channel and Indian Ocean to the east, and Kenya to the southwest. It is separated from Socotra by the Guardafui Channel in the northeast. Somalia has the longest coastline on Africa's mainland, and its terrain consists mainly of plateaus, plains and highlands. Climatically, hot conditions prevail year-round, with periodic monsoon winds and irregular rainfall.

Measures of Freedom

Somalia | Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2016
2016: Status: Not Free, Aggregate Score: 2, Political Rights: 7, Civil Liberties: 7
"In 2015, Somalia was plagued by much of the same political and security pitfalls that have characterized the country for the last quarter century. The government continued its halting progress toward transition in 2016, when the current administration's mandate expires. Critical transition-related legislation was largely ignored as lawmakers wrestled over an impeachment motion against the president. In July, President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud announced that national elections planned for 2016 would not be contested under a one-person, one-vote system."


America's Two Just Wars: 1775 and 1861, by Murray Rothbard, The Costs of War, May 1994
Based on a talk given at the Mises Institute's Costs of War conference, published in The Costs of War: America's Pyrrhic Victories, John V. Denson (editor)
"The Somalian intervention was a perfect case study in the workings of this Wilsonian dream. We began the intervention by extolling a 'new kind of army' ... the U.S. soldier with a CARE package in one hand, and a gun in the other ... the end of the brief Somalian intervention provided a great lesson if we only heed it: the objects of our 'humanitarianism' being shot down by American guns, and striking back by highly effective guerrilla war against American troops, culminating in savaging the bodies of American soldiers."
Are the Salad Days for Somalia Over?, by Lew Rockwell, Mises Daily, 8 Jun 2006
Comments on Somalia's status 15 years after the fall of Siad Barre and in the midst of the rise of the Islamic Courts Union
"Fifteen glorious years without a central government in Somalia! It was typically described as a 'power vacuum,' as if the absence of a taxing, regulating, coercing junta is an unnatural state of affairs, one that cannot and should not last. Well, now this 'vacuum' is being filled, with an Islamic militia claiming to be in control of the capital of Mogadishu. But US officials may rue the day they hoped for a new government in this country."
Related Topic: The State
'Doing God's Work', by Murray Rothbard, The Rothbard-Rockwell Report, Mar 1993
Detailed history of Somalia from its independence in 1960 to the United Nations-sanctioned invasion in Dec 1992, with particular emphasis on the effects of U.S. government and private aid
"So the question is: how could Somalia, a land that used to be self-sufficient in food, have gotten to the point where virtually everyone seems to be dependent on U.S. and other outside relief? ... In short, the food 'crisis' has been deliberately created by the Somalian government – by Barre and his successors – in order to exert control over the Somali population, to tell them when and who shall or shall not eat."
Domestic Fear Is the Price of Empire, by Sheldon Richman, 25 Feb 2015
Comments on threats against Americans from al-Shabaab and recounts U.S. intervention in Somalia
"U.S. intervention goes back to 1992, when President George H.W. Bush sent the military into a civil war there. Among the military's activities was the suppression of the Somalis' use of the intoxicant khat, which has been part of their culture for millennia. ... President Bill Clinton withdrew the forces after two Blackhawk helicopters were shot down, but that was not the end of U.S. intervention."
Related Topic: Foreign Entanglements
Somalia: US Foreign Policy and Gangsterism: Why the US supports the warlords, by Justin Raimondo, 29 Dec 2006
"... in the new millennium, we have tossed aside humanitarian concerns in favor of the ruthless pursuit of 'terrorists,' real or imagined. The former 'warlords' hunted by U.S. troops and blamed for Somalia's shocking degeneration into pure chaos are now aided and abetted by the Americans and their Ethiopian cohorts."
Related Topic: Ethiopia
The Kenyan Massacre’s Roots in America's Somalia Policy, by Sheldon Richman, 24 Sep 2013
Commentary on the 21 Sep 2013 Westgate shopping mall shooting in Nairobi, based on reporting by Jeremy Scahill and Scott Horton
"Somalia's Islamic Courts Union, a coalition of a dozen groups, put down the warlords and the U.S.-sponsored Transitional Federal Government. ... This was unacceptable to the Bush administration, so in late 2006 it had Ethiopia, its Christian client state and an old Somalia antagonist, invade and overthrow the ICU, 'with CIA and special-operations officers leading the attack.' In 2008, however, Somalis kicked the Ethiopians out."
Related Topic: Kenya

The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "Somalia" as of 04 Oct 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.