Southernmost regions of South America, below the Tropic of Capricorn

The Southern Cone (Spanish: Cono Sur, Portuguese: Cone Sul) is a geographic and cultural region composed of the southernmost areas of South America, south of and around the Tropic of Capricorn. Traditionally, it covers Argentina, Chile and Uruguay, bounded on the west by the Pacific Ocean and on the south by the junction between the Pacific and Atlantic oceans, which is the continental area closest to Antarctica (separated by 960 km). In terms of social, economic and political geography, the Southern Cone comprises Argentina, Chile, Uruguay and sometimes part of Southern and Southeastern (São Paulo) Brazil. In its broadest definition, the Southern Cone also includes southern Bolivia and Paraguay (because of the common history and geography).

  • Argentina - Territory in southeast South America, ruled since 1861 by the República Argentina
  • Brazil - Territory in eastern South America, ruled since 1988 by the República Federativa do Brasil
  • Chile - Territory in southwest South America, ruled since 1980 by the República de Chile
  • Paraguay - Territory in central South America, ruled since 1992 by the República del Paraguay
  • Uruguay - Territory in southeast South America, ruled since 1828 by the República Oriental del Uruguay

The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "Southern Cone" as of 05 Nov 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.