Measures of Freedom
Chile | Freedom House
, Freedom in the World 2016
2016: Status: Free, Aggregate Score: 95, Political Rights: 1, Civil Liberties: 1
"A series of corruption scandals characterized Chilean politics in 2015, and impeded President Michelle Bachelet's plans for large-scale tax and education reform. Two of the scandals involved allegations that corporations had made illegal contributions to political parties, and another centered on Bachelet's son and daughter-in-law, who were accused of using their political influence to secure a profitable real estate deal. In response to the events, the president proposed a series of anticorruption measures in April, and reorganized her cabinet in May."
Human Freedom Index
[PDF], The Human Freedom Index 2016
2014: 8.08, Rank: 29, Personal Freedom: 8.34, Economic Freedom: 7.83, Democracy Index: 7.32
Level of Economic Freedom
, Economic Freedom of the World
2014: 7.83, Rank: 13
How We Privatized Social Security in Chile
, by José Piñera, The Freeman
, Jul 1997
Explains how the Chilean private pension system works and how the previous government-controlled system was transformed into the current one (the author was the Secretary of Labor and Social Security under Pinochet and designed the new system)
"Going to pension savings accounts helped boost the economy, because it has raised the saving rate—now about 27 percent of GNP—and people's contributions became available for private capital markets. Since pension savings accounts got started, they have generated capital equivalent to 40 percent of Chilean GNP. During the past dozen years, annual growth has been about 7 percent, double our historic growth rate. Faster economic growth made it easier to handle the transition gap."
Improve the CIA? Better to abolish it
, by Chalmers Johnson, San Francisco Chronicle
, 22 Feb 2004
Lists countries where the CIA conducted subversive operations and recommends abolishing the agency.
"Since the overthrow of the Iranian government in 1953, the CIA has engaged in similar disguised assaults on the governments of Guatemala (1954); the Congo (1960); Cuba (1961); Brazil (1964); Indonesia (1965); Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia (1961-73); Greece (1967); Chile (1973); Afghanistan (1979 to the present); El Salvador, Guatemala and Nicaragua (1980s); and Iraq (1991 to the present) -- to name only the most obvious cases."
Related Topics: Attacks of 11 September 2001
, El Salvador
, Foreign Entanglements
, United States
The Drug War as a Socialist Enterprise
, by Milton Friedman
, 16 Nov 1991
From keynote address at Fifth International Conference on Drug Policy Reform; examines why, 20 years after Friedman's admonition against Nixon's drug war, the government continues its attempts at enforcement, in spite of the observable, predicted results
"Chile was a case in which a military regime, headed by Pinochet, was willing to switch the organization of the economy from a top-down to a bottom-up mode. In that process, a group of people who had been trained at the University of Chicago ... played a major role in designing and implementing the economic reforrns. ... In fact, I did meet with Mr. Pinochet, but I never was an adviser to him, and I never got a penny from the Chdean government."
The Power of Propaganda
, by Paul Craig Roberts
, 27 Dec 2006
Discusses the history of Chile from 1970 to 1990, covering Salvador Allende's election and the military coup d'état that resulted in the dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet, comparing the latter's actions to George W. Bush "war on terror"
"In truth, Allende overthrew himself. He disregarded the constitution, permitted private property to be seized by communist organizations, tolerated and assisted the formation of armed groups that operated independently of the government, and disorganized the economy to the extent that there were food shortages. ... The irony is that Allende would likely have been pushed aside by the parallel government that he was allowing communists to create."
The Secret State
, by Carl Oglesby
, 19 Dec 1991
Details various events from the establishment of the Gehlen Org after World War II to the 1991 death of Danny Casolaro that Oglesby says led to the creation of "a national-security oligarchy, a secret and invisible state within the public state"
"1973: Allende Murdered. Frustrated in its 1970 efforts to control the Chilean election, the CIA resorted to murder once again in the elimination of Salvador Allende. Allende government official Orlando Letelier along with an American supporter, Ronnie Moffit, were also killed, not far away in Chile, but in Dupont Circle in our nation's capital."
Related Topics: Brazil
, Dominican Republic
, War on Drugs
, Richard M. Nixon
, Nonviolent resistance
, Ronald W. Reagan
, Franklin Delano Roosevelt
, Right Against Unreasonable Searches and Seizures
, United States
, Vietnam War
Trump’s Support and Praise of Despots Is Central to the U.S. Tradition, Not a Deviation From It
, by Glenn Greenwald, 2 May 2017
Discusses recent criticism of Donald Trump that claims that his foreign policy towards known dictators and tyrants constitutes a major shift, when in fact that has been standard U.S. policy since at least the end of World War II
"Upon the 2006 death of Augusto Pinochet — the military dictator imposed on Chile by the U.S. after it overthrew that country’s democratically elected left-wing president — the Washington Post editorial page heaped praise on both Kirkpatrick and Pinochet. While conceding that the Chilean tyrant was 'brutal: more than 3,000 people were killed by his government and tens of thousands tortured,' the Post hailed 'the free-market policies that produced the Chilean economic miracle,' ..."
U.S. Regime Change, Torture, and Murder in Chile
, by Jacob G. Hornberger
, 24 Nov 2004
Discusses the unwelcome reception given to George W. Bush on a visit to Chile and various reasons for Chilean animosity towards the U.S. government, contrasting it with general opinion about these matters in the U.S. and the inaction in Congress
"Chileans have not forgotten — and are still angry about — the U.S. government's role in bringing about 'regime change' in Chile in 1973. ... Chileans still remember that in the 1973 'regime change' in their country, the U.S. government played an active role in ousting their democratically elected president because he was a communist and replacing him with a brutal military dictator, Augustin Pinochet, who ended up ruling Chile for almost two decades, until 1990."