Freedom Circle logo
Freedom Circle
Where Can You Find Freedom Today?
Informal group of friends of Murray Rothbard in the early 1950s, named after the nineteenth century French economist
Frédéric Bastiat

Members

Ronald Hamowy
Robert Hessen
Leonard Liggio
Ralph Raico
George Reisman
Murray Rothbard

Articles

Leonard P. Liggio (1933–2014), by Sheldon Richman, The Goal Is Freedom, 17 Oct 2014
A memorial tribute to Richman's "favorite teacher"
As a young man [Liggio] became close friends with Murray Rothbard, Ralph Raico, George Reisman, Ronald Hamowy, Robert Hessen, and others who comprised their Circle Bastiat. He literally was present at the creation of the movement and helped to make it what it would become.
Ralph Raico, RIP, by Jim Powell, 16 Dec 2016
Memorial and biographical note, including short bibliography
Ralph attended the Bronx High School of Science, earned a B.A. at the City College of New York, and joined the New York libertarian underground during the 1950s. His friends included Ronald Hamowy, Leonard Liggio, George Reisman, Robert Hessen, and other eager students of liberty. For a while, Ralph and his group, calling themselves the 'Circle Bastiat,' met for discussions with Ayn Rand's group, 'the Collective.' Ludwig von Mises invited Ralph to attend his graduate seminars at New York University. Ralph became a close friend of Murray and Joey Rothbard.

Audio

Memoirs of Hayek in Chicago and Rothbard in New York, by Ralph Raico, 1 Aug 2005
Lecture given at Mises University 2005, Raico reminisces about Murray Rothbard, the forming of the Circle Bastiat, Ayn Rand, F.A. Hayek and many others in the 1950s and early 1960s