Late 18th and early 19th German writer and scientist, author of Faust
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (28 August 1749 – 22 March 1832) was a German writer and statesman. His works include four novels, epic and lyric poetry, prose and verse dramas, memoirs, an autobiography, literary and aesthetic criticism, and treatises on botany, anatomy and color. In addition, there are numerous literary and scientific fragments, more than 10,000 letters and nearly 3,000 drawings by him extant.

Born

28 Aug 1749, Johann Wolfgang Goethe, in Frankfurt am Main, Germany

Died

22 Mar 1832, in Weimar, Germany

Biography

Worldroots.com, by Jane K. Brown

Web Pages

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Online Library of Liberty
Includes portrait, short biography and links to various of Goethe's works
"Goethe is often ranked with Shakespeare and Dante as one of the three most important poets in history. He spent the most important part of his life in Weimar and served the duchy in many official capacities. Although his interests ranged from biology to the theory of color, it is his literature, with its powerful presentation of human freedom and the search for meaning in life, that has been of enduring value."

Articles

Goethe on National Greatness, by Hans-Hermann Hoppe, The Free Market, Oct 1999
"In his political outlook, he was also a thorough-going classical liberal, arguing that free trade and free cultural exchange are the keys to authentic national and international integration. He argued and fought against the expansion, centralization, and unification of government on grounds that these trends can only hinder prosperity and true cultural development."
Related Topics: Democracy, Germany
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Hero of the Day, The Daily Objectivist, 2000
The Fallacy of the Concept of "National Character", by Ludwig von Mises, Omnipotent Government, 1944
Chapter 10, "Nazism as a World Problem", section 2; explains why it is incorrect to generalize from some supposedly representative persons of a given nation to a national "character"
"... they omitted to mention that the character into whose mouth these words are put, Euphorion, is a counterpart of Lord Byron, whom Goethe admired more than any other contemporary poet (except for Schiller), although Byron's romanticism did not appeal to his own classicism. These verses do not at all express Goethe's own tenets."
Related Topic: Self-Esteem
The Politics of Johann Wolfgang Goethe, by Hans-Hermann Hoppe, The Wall Street Journal Europe, 30 Dec 1999
Revised version of Prof. Hoppe's Oct 1999 The Free Market article
"Because of his relevance to the ongoing construction of Europe, I'd like to nominate Goethe as the European of the millennium. ... To this day, he defines the meaning of genius, with a life oeuvre encompassing more than 60 volumes, including ... his master-piece Faust ... Goethe recognized that the genius of the people lay with the people, and not with the bureaucrats."
Related Topic: Europe

The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "Johann Wolfgang von Goethe" as of 25 Apr 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.