28 Aug 1749
, Johann Wolfgang Goethe, in Frankfurt am Main, Germany
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Online Library of Liberty
Includes portrait, short biography and links to various of Goethe's works
"Goethe is often ranked with Shakespeare and Dante as one of the three most important poets in history. He spent the most important part of his life in Weimar and served the duchy in many official capacities. Although his interests ranged from biology to the theory of color, it is his literature, with its powerful presentation of human freedom and the search for meaning in life, that has been of enduring value."
Goethe on National Greatness
, by Hans-Hermann Hoppe, The Free Market
, Oct 1999
"In his political outlook, he was also a thorough-going classical liberal, arguing that free trade and free cultural exchange are the keys to authentic national and international integration. He argued and fought against the expansion, centralization, and unification of government on grounds that these trends can only hinder prosperity and true cultural development."
The Fallacy of the Concept of "National Character"
, by Ludwig von Mises
, Omnipotent Government
Chapter 10, "Nazism as a World Problem", section 2; explains why it is incorrect to generalize from some supposedly representative persons of a given nation to a national "character"
"... they omitted to mention that the character into whose mouth these words are put, Euphorion, is a counterpart of Lord Byron, whom Goethe admired more than any other contemporary poet (except for Schiller), although Byron's romanticism did not appeal to his own classicism. These verses do not at all express Goethe's own tenets."
The Politics of Johann Wolfgang Goethe
, by Hans-Hermann Hoppe, The Wall Street Journal Europe
, 30 Dec 1999
Revised version of Prof. Hoppe's Oct 1999 The Free Market
"Because of his relevance to the ongoing construction of Europe, I'd like to nominate Goethe as the European of the millennium. ... To this day, he defines the meaning of genius, with a life oeuvre encompassing more than 60 volumes, including ... his master-piece Faust ... Goethe recognized that the genius of the people lay with the people, and not with the bureaucrats."