Arizona Senator and 1964 Republican presidential candidate
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  • Barry Goldwater

    Barry Morris Goldwater (2 January 1909 - 29 May 1998) was an American politician, businessman and author who was a five-term United States Senator from Arizona (1953-65, 1969-87) and the Republican Party's nominee for President of the United States in the 1964 election. Despite losing the election by a landslide, Goldwater is the politician most often credited for sparking the resurgence of the American conservative political movement in the 1960s. He was a vocal opponent of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, believing it was an overreach of federal government. He also had a substantial impact on the libertarian movement.

    Reference

    Goldwater, Barry (1909-1998), by Lee Edwards, The Encyclopedia of Libertarianism, 15 Aug 2008
    Biographical essay
    "Barry Goldwater, senator from Arizona from 1953 to 1965 and 1969 to 1987, was the most libertarian of all the major candidates running for president in the 20th century. As the Republican nominee in 1964, he proposed a voluntary option for social security, termination of the farm subsidy program, privatizing parts of the Tennessee Valley Authority, and keeping welfare 'a private concern.' No one should have been surprised by his antigovernment crusade given what he had written in his 1960 best-selling manifesto, The Conscience of a Conservative."

    Born

    1 Jan 1909, Barry Morris Goldwater, in Phoenix, Arizona

    Died

    29 May 1998, in Paradise Valley, Arizona

    Articles

    35 Heroes of Freedom: Celebrating the people who have made the world groovier and groovier since 1968, by Reason, Reason, Dec 2003
    List of individuals who, according to Reason editors, have "have made the world a freer, better, and more libertarian place by example, invention, or action" (includes the unknown martyr of Tiananmen Square and a generic "The Yuppie")
    "The iconic Arizona senator offered 'a choice, not an echo' in his laughably doomed 1964 presidential campaign. He bridged the tradition of Western individualism with the then-barely-glimpsed future of Sunbelt anti-governmentism, inspiring later revolts such as California's Prop. 13."
    Claiming Paine, by Katherine Mangu-Ward, Reason, Jul 2007
    Review of the book Thomas Paine and the Promise of America by Harvey J. Kaye
    "Conservatives are, in fact, responsible for two of the most memorable recyclings of Paine in recent memory. The first was Barry Goldwater's declaration in the 1964 presidential campaign, 'Extremism in defense of liberty is no vice. Moderation in pursuit of justice is no virtue.' It is often overlooked in other studies, but Kaye picks up an echo of a comment of Paine's: 'Moderation in temper is always a virtue; but moderation in principle, is a species of vice.'"
    In Memoriam [PDF], by Jeff Riggenbach, ALF News, 2006
    Biographical essay covering Joan Kennedy Taylor's varied career
    "She had also begun paying more attention to the world of politics. During the presidential campaign of 1964, in which she favored the Republican candidate, Senator Barry Goldwater of Arizona, she helped to found the Metropolitan Young Republican Club of New York and served as editor of the group's newsletter."
    Interview with Karl Hess, by Karl Hess, A. Lin Neumann, Reason, May 1982
    Topics discussed include the Republican Party, National Review, AEI, Goldwater, Rothbard, anarchism, the Vietnam War, Carter and Reagan, fascism, urban enterprise zones, the environment, and authoritarianism vs. freedom
    "I think its last vestiges of individualism, or libertarianism, were dropping out of it by the end of the Goldwater campaign. The Goldwater campaign was really conducted against national power. ... It was a flat-out anticommunist campaign, but there was still the antinationalist part of it. It didn't extend to the military establishment, except that Goldwater was against the draft—flat-out, no compromise, no possibility. It was Goldwater's first campaign pledge, to end the draft. End. E-N-D. No more draft."
    The Death of Politics, by Karl Hess, Playboy, Mar 1969
    Discusses libertarianism, contrasting it with both conservatism and modern liberalism, including specific policy differences
    "There is no operating movement in the world today that is based upon a libertarian philosophy. ... Believe it or not, there were strong possibilities of such a development in the 1964 campaign of Barry Goldwater. Underneath the scary headlines, Goldwater hammered away at such purely political structures as the draft, general taxation, censorship, nationalism, legislated conformity, political establishment of social norms, and war as an instrument of international policy."
    Why I am a Libertarian, by Mark Richards, 21 May 2008
    Describes the persons (mainly his mother) and events that influenced him in becoming a libertarian
    "In 1964 my mom gave me a 'Goldwater for President' button to wear to school, which I did. My fifth-grade teacher was aghast! I wore that Goldwater button despite her snide comments. The teacher was rabidly pro-Lyndon Johnson and had no problem with my 10-year-old classmates wearing Johnson buttons, I guess I was becoming a libertarian at that age."

    The introductory paragraph uses material from a Wikipedia article, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.