Ulysses Simpson Grant (born Hiram Ulysses Grant; 27 April 1822 - 23 July 1885) was an American soldier and statesman who served as Commanding General of the Army and President of the United States, the highest positions in the military and the government of the United States. A prominent United States Army general during the American War Between the States, Grant led the Union Army to victory over the Confederacy with the supervision of Abraham Lincoln. As the 18th President of the United States (1869-77) Grant led the Republicans in their efforts to remove the vestiges of Confederate nationalism and slavery during Reconstruction.
Historical account of the evolution of the United States Civil Service and attempts to reform it, from its beginnings through the early 20th century
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