20th century German economist
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  • Wilhelm Röpke (10 October 1899 - 12 February 1966) was Professor of Economics, first in Jena, then in Graz, Marburg, Istanbul and finally Geneva, Switzerland, and one of the spiritual fathers of the social market economy, theorizing and collaborating to organize the post-World War II economic re-awakening of the war-wrecked German economy, deploying a program sometimes referred to as the sociological neoliberalism (compared to ordoliberalism, a more sociologically inclined variant of German neoliberalism).

    Reference

    Röpke, Wilhelm (1899-1966), by Aaron Steelman, The Encyclopedia of Libertarianism, 15 Aug 2008
    Biographical essay
    "Wilhelm Röpke, economist and author, was an economist of the Austrian School and a key influence on Ludwig Erhard, the economic minister of West Germany following World War II. ... Along with Walter Eucken, Alexander Rüstow, and others, Röpke advised Ludwig Erhard on how to reform the West German economy following World War II. This group of Ordoliberals, as they came to be known, pushed for a substantially more market-oriented system than that which preceded it, along with a modest system of transfer payments consistent with modern welfare state goals. Röpke was later quite critical about the growth of such transfer programs."
    Related Topic: Germany

    Born

    10 Oct 1899, in Schwarmstedt, Hannover, Germany

    Died

    12 Feb 1966, in Geneva, Switzerland

    Associations

    Mont Pelerin Society, President, 1961-62

    Articles

    The Mont Pelerin Society's 50th Anniversary: The Society Helps Keep Alight the Lamp of Classical Liberalism, by Greg Kaza, The Freeman, Jun 1997
    Historical and anecdotal essay about the founding of the Mont Pelerin Society and its first meeting
    "Another participant, Wilhelm Ropke, helped persuade Eucken's pupil Ludwig Erhard, then economics minister in West Germany's provisional government, to abolish price controls, and so make possible the famous German economic miracle of the postwar era. Erhard lifted regulatory controls over a weekend, only to be threatened with jail by the Allied military authorities."

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