Worldwide conflict from 1939 to 1945

Articles

Atrocities in the 'Good War': A Tract for Today, by Robert Higgs, 19 Jun 2006
With excerpt of "One War is Enough", Feb 1946 Atlantic Monthly article by Edgar L. Jones
"It is not my intention either to excuse our late opponents or to discredit our own fighting men. I do, however, believe that all of us ... should fully understand the horror and degradation of war before talking so casually of another one. War does horrible things to men, our own sons included. It demands the worst of a person and pays off in brutality and maladjustment."
Conscience on the Battlefield, by Leonard E. Read, 1981
Pamphlet written in 1951, during the Korean War, updated with prologue in 1981; Read recalls the 1918 incident when the troopship he was on was sunk by a German submarine and wonders about his thoughts if he were dying (in 1951) on a Korean battlefield
"In one of the little-publicized chapters of World War II, for example, one million Russian officers and men voluntarily joined the invading Germans, considering them as their liberators. The German dictator, hearing of this, ordered that these officers and men be imprisoned or killed. This action, dictated by Hitler, caused a like-mindedness among the Russian people. Their subsequent action at Stalingrad against the Germans became very much of a voluntary action."
Machiavelli and U.S. Politics, Part 5: War Crimes and Atrocities, by Lawrence M. Ludlow, 24 Aug 2005
"President Truman's bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki is a prime example. Those nuclear explosions yielded approximately 200,000 innocent civilian victims. Their real purpose was to 'send a message' to America's World War II ally, the Soviet Union, informing its leaders that the United States indeed possessed a formidable weapon."
Related Topics: Politics, Vietnam
Not Just Japanese Americans: The Untold Story of U.S. Repression During 'The Good War', by Jeffrey Rogers Hummel, The Journal of Historical Review, 1986
"All the aforementioned events, entailing enormous gains for State power, occurred ... at a time when the United States was technically at peace. The Japanese attack ... merely accelerated the civil liberties trends already in motion. ... The internment of Japanese-Americans was ... representative of a wartime administration that respected civil liberties only so far as political expediency required."
The 100th Anniversary of the Great State Crime, by Sheldon Richman, 8 Aug 2014
Reflections on the start of the Great War, 100 years ago, the second act (World War II) and wars in general
"The so-called Second World War, which began after the 21-year intermission from 1918 to 1939, claimed at least 60 million lives, at least 19 million of which were noncombatants. Act Two culminated in President Harry Truman’s two gratuitous atomic bombings of the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the 69th anniversaries of which are also observed this week. "
Related Topics: War, World War I
The Colonial Venture of Ireland, Part 4, by Wendy McElroy, Future of Freedom, Aug 2004
Historical account of the partitioned Ireland from 1922 to the 1970's, including Éamon de Valera, the creation of the Republic of Ireland, the conflicts with and eventual split up of the IRA, and civil rights marches and riots in the North
"In September 1939, Britain declared war on Germany, thus entering World War II. The South was generally sympathetic to the Allied cause but de Valera maintained official neutrality. (The more radical IRA, however, worked rather ineffectively to sabotage the British war effort.) ... World War II further defined the separate identities of the North and South and cemented Ulster's ties to Britain."
Related Topics: Ireland, United Kingdom
The Economic Costs of Going to War: Transcript: Bill Moyers Talks with Lew Rockwell, by Llewellyn H. Rockwell, Jr., NOW with Bill Moyers, 7 Mar 2003
Topics discussed include: the economy, the federal budget deficit, the national debt, inflation, Republican vs. Democrat presidents, tax cuts, war spending, World War II and the depression, Sadam Hussein and unemployment
"What the war did do was help the unemployment statistics by killing a lot of the unemployed. I mean, it did do that. In fact he, you know, he drafted 20 percent of the workforce at one point or another into the military. So when you had — when you started out with a 12 percent unemployment rate, yes, I mean there was much less unemployment. But the vast expenditures on non-productive goods, the erection of a command to control economy, not that dissimilar from the Soviet economy."
The Final Secret of Pearl Harbor, by John T. Flynn, Oct 1945
"By January 1, 1941, Roosevelt had decided to go to war with Japan ... He felt the moment to provoke the attack had come by November ... He was completely sure the Japanese would not strike at Pearl Harbor ... he completely miscalculated ... When the attack came he was appalled and frightened. He dared not give the facts to the country."
The Humanitarian with the Guillotine, by Isabel Mary Paterson, The Freeman, Sep 1955
Reprinted from The God of the Machine, 1943; analyses the negative consequences of "humanitarians" (or professional philanthropists) and politicians act to provide relief to the needy
"The present war, begun with a perjured treaty made by two powerful nations (Russia and Germany), that they might crush their smaller neighbors with impunity, the treaty being broken by a surprise attack on the fellow conspirator, would have been impossible without the internal political power which in both cases was seized on the excuse of doing good to the nation."
The Myth of War Prosperity, Part 1, by Anthony Gregory, Future of Freedom, Dec 2006
Review of Depression, War, and Cold War: Studies in Political Economy by Robert Higgs
"Certainly, the mainstream conservative dedication to free enterprise, if it exists at all, is not so robust as to challenge the economic fallacies underlying World War II. On the Left, Right, and Center, the idea that Franklin Roosevelt dragged America out of its economic rut is by now as American as apple pie. But World War II, whatever else can be said of it, was probably the largest government program in American history ..."
Related Topics: Broken Window Fallacy, War
The War System and Its Intellectual Myths, by Murray N. Rothbard, Harry Elmer Barnes: Learned Crusader, 1968
Originally titled "Harry Elmer Barnes as Revisionist of the Cold War"
"Two ... examples are the policy of Finland toward Russia in 1940, and of Poland toward Germany and Russia in 1939. The Finns (Poles) insisted up to the moment of outbreak ... that the Russians (Germans) were only 'bluffing,' and that a rigid, inflexible, hard-line, no-negotiation policy would force Russia (Germany) to back down and cease their demands."
The Way of All Cash, Part I, by Bill Bonner, The Daily Reckoning, 26 May 2006
Continuing from "Don't Cry for Evita", begins to relate the story of Argentine President Juan Perón and the Peronist movement
"Argentina stayed out of Word War II and even looked the other way when German submarines occasionally holed up in remote harbors in Patagonia. 'They have chosen to dally with evil,' declared Churchill of the Argentinians, 'but not only with evil but with the losing side.' Two months before the action was over, the Argentines corrected their mistake, declaring war on the nearly defeated Axis powers."
Related Topic: Argentina
Truman, A-Bombs, and the Killing of Innocents, by Sheldon Richman, 9 Aug 2013
Discusses the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945 were unnecessary and can be considered war crimes
"According to Robert McNamara, ... Major Gen. Curtis LeMay acknowledged that if America had lost the war, he and his colleagues would have been 'prosecuted as war criminals.' ... The Truman administration revealed that it knew the atomic bombing was immoral by attempting to keep the full truth from the American people."
Warring as Lying Throughout American History, by James Bovard, Future of Freedom, Feb 2008
Recounts how U.S. Presidents and their administrations since James Polk have lied about wars, from start to finish
"In August 1945, Harry Truman announced to the world that 'the first atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima, a military base. That was because we wished in this first attack to avoid, in so far as possible, the killing of civilians.' Hiroshima was actually a major city with more than a third of a million people prior to its incineration. But Truman's lie helped soften the initial impact on the American public of the first use of the atomic bomb."
Why Are We Afraid To Be Free?, by Butler Shaffer, 27 Nov 2001
Examines the question of how to bring about freedom in individuals' lives, discussing how government influences people to be in conflicted states and how one must look within oneself and act accordingly to begin to be "free"
"After World War II was over, the allied forces endeavored to synchronize such contrarieties through the 'Nuremberg trials.' In punishing German government officials for their atrocities – while carefully insulating American and British officials for their wrongs to humanity – the state employed psychological 'projection,' a device by which some condemn others for their own felt sense of moral or ethical shortcoming."
Why Intellectuals Still Support Socialism, by Peter G. Klein, Mises Daily, 15 Nov 2006
"World War II ... was a watershed event for the profession. For the first time, professional economists joined the ranks of government planning bureaus en masse ... it is likely the taste of central planning that economists — even nominally free-market economists — got during World War II that forever changed the direction of the discipline."
Related Topic: Economists

Videos

HOWARD ZINN: "Holy Wars", by Howard Zinn, Democracy Now!, 11 Nov 2009
Talk given at Boston University, discussing the American "Holy Wars": the Revolutionary War, the Civil War and World War II