Aims to strengthen the principles and practice of a free society
See also:
  • FreedomPedia
  • The Mont Pelerin Society (MPS) is an international organization composed of economists (including eight winners of the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences), philosophers, historians, intellectuals, business leaders and others committed to their understanding of personal and political freedom. Its founders included Friedrich Hayek, Frank Knight, Karl Popper, Ludwig von Mises, George Stigler, and Milton Friedman. The society advocates freedom of expression, free market economic policies, the political values of an open society. Though its foundations and emphasis lie in classical liberalism, Marxist social theorist David Harvey credited MPS with spreading neoliberalism.

    Home Page

    MPS | The Mont Pelerin Society
    Sections include: board of directors, past presidents, notable members, F. A. Hayek page, past meetings (recent ones with links to papers presented), Hayek Essay contest (including winners and essays) and links to videos about Hayek and Milton Friedman

    History

    The Mont Pelerin Society's 50th Anniversary: The Society Helps Keep Alight the Lamp of Classical Liberalism, by Greg Kaza, The Freeman, Jun 1997
    Historical and anecdotal essay about the founding of the Mont Pelerin Society and its first meeting
    "This year marks the 50th anniversary of the founding of the Mont Pelerin Society, one of this century's most important groups of free-market intellectuals. The world was a quite different place when 36 free-market thinkers gathered in April 1947 at the Hotel Park at Mont Pelerin, near Vevey, Switzerland. ... It was against this backdrop of events that Austrian economist Friedrich Hayek organized the first meeting of the Mont Pelerin Society."

    Members

    Manuel F. AyauPresident, 1978-80
    John A. BadenMember
    Peter T. BauerMember
    Gary S. BeckerPresident, 1990-92
    James T. BennettMember
    Peter J. BoettkePresident, 2016-
    James M. BuchananPresident, 1984-86
    Alejandro A. ChafuenMember
    Edward H. Crane IIIMember
    Milton FriedmanPresident, 1970-72
    Friedrich A. HayekFounder; President, 1947-61
    Leonard P. LiggioPresident, 2002-2004
    John R. Lott, Jr.Member
    Ludwig von MisesFounding member
    Felix M. MorleyFounding member
    Wilhelm RöpkePresident, 1961-62
    Rev. Robert A. SiricoMember
    Mark SkousenMember
    Vernon L. SmithMember
    George J. StiglerPresident, 1976-78

    Articles

    Best of Both Worlds: Milton Friedman reminisces about his career as an economist and his lifetime "avocation" as a spokesman for freedom, by Milton Friedman, Brian Doherty, Reason, Jun 1995
    Topics discussed include: the new Congress, flat taxes, the withholding tax, the people who influenced him, what led him to write about policy issues, libertarianism and how his political views have changed over the years
    "The Mont Pelerin Society was people who were deeply concerned about issues. It was people with whom you shared a basic common belief, who at home were isolated. Its great contribution was that it provided a week when people like that could get together and open their hearts and minds and not have to worry about whether somebody was going to stick a knife in their back—especially for people in countries where they were isolated."
    Freedom, Security, and the Roots of Terrorism against the United States, by Richard M. Ebeling, Future of Freedom, Oct 2001
    Reflections on the 11 September attacks a few weeks after, discusses the reasons for the terrorist attacks and proposes certain measures to deal with the situation
    "On September 11, 2001, I was in Bratislava, Slovakia, attending the annual meeting of the Mont Pelerin Society, an international association of classical liberals and advocates of the free market, established in 1947 by Friedrich A. Hayek. ... When the Mont Pelerin participants left the hotel on Thursday morning to begin their respective journeys home, words had become impossible and we merely bade each other farewell and hoped that a better climate would exist in the world when we all met at next year's meeting in London, England."
    I Resign From the Mont Pelerin Society, by Paul Craig Roberts, 21 Aug 2008
    Explains Roberts' rationale for resigning from the Society
    "I have come to the conclusion that the Mont Pelerin Society is no longer an effective force for freedom, becoming instead another tool in behalf of US hegemony, ringing Russia with US military bases and puppet governments in the name of 'supporting democracy.' ... I do not want to be associated with an organization that is a front for American hegemony and wars based on propaganda, lies, and deceit."
    Related Topics: George W. Bush, War
    Liberty Defined, by Floyd A. 'Baldy' Harper, 4 Sep 1957
    Speech to the Mont Pelerin Society; Harper first offers his definition of liberty, then explores "adulterated" definitions, its relation to morals, moral law and basic humans rights, ending with his hope for the cause of liberty
    "Were a stranger to observe the nature of the Mont Pelerin Society and note its convening for this decennial occasion, would he not be surprised to find us devoting an entire session to the meaning of liberty — the word perhaps more basic than any other to the original purpose of the Society? Might he not expect this to have been a matter resolved with essentially unanimous agreement at the outset of our Societal association together?"
    Ludwig von Mises, socialism's greatest enemy: His life and times, by Jim Powell
    Lengthy biographical essay on Mises, including details on Menger and Böhm-Bawerk
    "Mises was among the three dozen scholars and journalists invited by F.A. Hayek to form the Mont Pelerin Society. The first meeting took place in Switzerland, April 1, 1947. The group subsequently gathered about every two years in various parts of the world. Mises was an active participant for more than a decade."
    Module 12: The Modern Quest for Liberty
    Last module of the Cato Home Study Course, includes link to listen or download audio program (3:03:35), questions and suggested readings
    "The formation of the Mont Pèlerin Society in Switzerland in 1947 was to prove enormously influential in reviving libertarian ideas at the higher intellectual and academic levels, as a part of a conscious plan to diffuse libertarian principles throughout the general population. The spread of libertarian ideas and organizations around the world has accelerated since that time, promoted by visionary thinkers of the caliber of Milton Friedman and F. A. Hayek ..."
    Related Topic: Libertarianism
    Mont Pelerin: 1947-1978, The Road to Libertarianism, by Ralph Raico, Libertarian Review, Dec 1979
    Reviews the presentations and discussions at the 1978 meeting of the Mont Pelerin Society, with an overview of the Society's history and particularly the 1958 meeting which had similar themes
    "Hayek's new optimism is in sharp contrast to the mood in which the Mont Pelerin Society was founded in April, 1947. Hayek's Road to Serfdom, dedicated to 'Socialists of all parties,' had brought him to the forefront of post-World War II debates between collectivists and liberals. ... Finally, in 1947, after publication of The Road to Serfdom, almost fifty scholars gathered at Mont Pelerin, above Vevey near Montreux on Lac Leman. In addition to Rueff, Rougier, Hayek, and Mises, the American participation was strong and included Felix Morley, F.A. Harper, Leonard Read, Henry Hazlitt, and Milton Friedman."
    The Early History of FEE, by Henry Hazlitt, The Freeman, Mar 1984
    Excerpted from Hazlitt's remarks at the Leonard E. Read Memorial Conference on Freedom, November 1983
    "Friedrich Hayek, in London, impressed by Read's initiative, raised the money the next year, 1947, to call a conference at Vevey, Switzerland, of 43 libertarian writers, mainly economists, from half a dozen nations.The group of ten of us from the United States included such figures as Ludwig von Mises, Milton Friedman, George Stigler—and Leonard Read. That was the beginning of the still flourishing and immensely influential Mont Pelerin Society, now with several hundred members from dozens of countries."
    The life and times of F.A. Hayek, who explained why political liberty is impossible without economic liberty, by Jim Powell
    Lengthy biographical essay, with extensive quotes both from Hayek and others (including Keynes)
    "Meanwhile, in 1947 Hayek called a meeting of scholars concerned about liberty. ... Thirty-six participants from 10 countries gathered at the Hotel du Parc, Mont Pelerin, near Vevey, Switzerland, April 1st to April 10th, 1947. Among the 17 from the United States were University of Chicago economist Milton Friedman, Newsweek columnist Henry Hazlitt, University of Chicago economist Frank H. Knight, New York University economist Ludwig von Mises, Foundation for Economic Education President Leonard E. Read and Brown University economist George J. Stigler."
    Up From Freedom: Friedrich von Hayek and the Defence of Liberty, by Richard M. Ebeling, ama-gi, 1996
    Opens with biographical details and then discusses Hayek's insights
    "In 1947, [Friedrich Hayek] brought together many of the leading proponents in the world of classical liberalism and economic liberty for a conference at Mont Pelerin, Switzerland, and he founded the Mont Pelerin Society."
    Related Topic: Friedrich A. Hayek

    Books

    Ludwig von Mises: Scholar, Creator, Hero [PDF], by Murray N. Rothbard, 1988
    Partial contents: The Young Scholar - The Theory of Money and Credit - The Reception of Mises and of Money and Credit - Mises in the 1920s: Economic Adviser to the Government - Mises in the 1920s: Scholar and Creator
    "... he was happy to be one of the founding members in 1947 of the Mont Pelerin Society, an international society of free market economists and scholars. ... Mises played a leading part in the Mont Pelerin Society in early years, but after a while became disillusioned with its accelerating statism and mushy views on economic policy."
    • ISBN 9999827659: Paperback, Ludwig von Mises Institute, First edition, 1988

    Videos


    Rose and Milton Friedman on Mont Pelerin Society, by Milton Friedman, Rose D. Friedman, 15 Oct 2002
    The Friedmans are interviewed at the time of the 2002 Mont Pelerin meeting in London which they were unable to attend; Milton reminisces about the first meeting and discusses the changes in the political and economic environment since its founding

    The introductory paragraph uses material from a Wikipedia article, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.