Southern Europe is the southern region of the European continent. Most definitions of Southern Europe, also known as Mediterranean Europe, include Gibraltar, Spain, Italy, Malta, Greece, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Slovenia, the East Thrace of European Turkey and Cyprus. Kosovo, Portugal, Andorra, Vatican City, San Marino, Serbia and the Republic of Macedonia are also often included despite not having a coast in the Mediterranean. Some definitions may also include mainland southern France, Corsica and Monaco, which are otherwise considered parts of Western Europe.
- Balkans - Region of southeast Europe, between the Adriatic and Aegean seas, mostly coextensive with the Balkan Peninsula
- Italy - Territory in southern Europe, ruled since 1946 by the Repubblica Italiana
- Malta - Archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea, ruled since 1964 by the Repubblika ta' Malta
- Portugal - Territory in southwestern Europe, ruled since 1976 by the República Portuguesa
- Spain - Territory in southwestern Europe, ruled since 1975 by the Reino de España
The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "Southern Europe" as of 3 Nov 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.