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Territory in southwestern Europe, ruled since 1975 by the Reino de España

Spain (Spanish: España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de España), is a country mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe. The country's mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra and the Bay of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean. Spanish territory includes two large archipelagos, the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea and the Canary Islands off the African Atlantic coast, two cities, Ceuta and Melilla, on the African mainland and several small islands in the Alboran Sea near the African coast. Spain is the only European country to have a border with an African country (Morocco).

Geographical type: Territory

Latitude: 40° N — Longitude: 4° W

Area: 505,990 km²

ISO 3166-2 code: ES

Birthplace of

Kane, in Torrejón de Ardoz, Madrid, on 26 Apr 1967

Measures of Freedom

Human Freedom Index [PDF], The Human Freedom Index 2021
2019: 8.56, Rank: 25, Personal Freedom: 9.04, Economic Freedom: 7.89
Level of Economic Freedom, Economic Freedom of the World
2014: 7.38, Rank: 49
Spain | Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2022
2016: Status: Free, Aggregate Score: 95, Political Rights: 1, Civil Liberties: 1
The success of two new parties in the 2015 general elections, held in December, upset the two-party system traditionally dominated by the conservative Popular Party (PP) and the center-left Spanish Socialist Worker's Party (PSOE). The year ended without a clear candidate for prime minister, and difficult coalition talks were expected in 2016. Both the PP and PSOE had also lost ground in regional and municipal elections held in May.


Anarcho-Communism, by Murray N. Rothbard, The Libertarian Forum, 1 Jan 1970
Critique of anarcho-communism, examining its presumed voluntary nature, and its philosophical and economics orientation
[I]t is hard to forget the fact that when the Spanish Anarchists (anarcho-communists of the Bakunin-Kropotkin type) took over large sections of Spain during the Civil War of the 1930's, they confiscated and destroyed all the money in their areas and promptly decreed the death penalty for the use of money.
Benjamin Tucker, Individualism, & Liberty: Not the Daughter but the Mother of Order, by Wendy McElroy, Literature of Liberty, 1981
Bibliographical essay covering the people and radical movements that influenced Tucker in his founding and publishing of Liberty, its major themes and contributors
It is difficult to assess Liberty's connection with Spanish periodicals. Revista Social and La Revolucion Social were mentioned briefly, and Stephen Byington engaged in debate over individualist-anarchism with the editor of A Vida. A Vida had printed a Spanish translation of an article Byington had submitted to Tucker. A Vida's source for the article was a French paper which had translated directly from Liberty.
Iraq: One Year Later, by Sheldon Richman, 19 Mar 2004
Comments on the first anniversary of the U.S. invasion of Iraq, including statements by the White House and Donald Rumsfeld, as well as the outcome of 2004 Spanish elections which took place after the Madrid train bombings
The Spanish are being slandered ... as appeasers because right after 200 of their fellow citizens were killed in train bombings, they threw out the ruling Popular Party, under whose leadership the country was dragged into Bush's war, and elected the Socialist Party, which vows to remove Spanish troops from Iraq ... the socialists were pulling ahead of the Popular Party before the bombings occurred. What seems to have upset the people of Spain most about the ruling party was its attempt to blame Basque separatists for the bombings and to hide the indications that the killers were most likely associated with al-Qaeda.
Related Topic: Iraq War
Orwell, George (1903-1950), by David Ramsay Steele, The Encyclopedia of Libertarianism, 15 Aug 2008
Biographical essay
... Orwell went to Spain where the civil war was in progress. The war was regarded by the Left throughout Europe and America as a fateful battle between progressive forces and fascism. Orwell ... used his ILP connections to enlist in the militia of the Partido Obrero de Unificación Marxista (POUM), a group of anti-Stalinist Marxists that had some strength in the province of Catalonia. ... Here he observed the fighting between supporters of the communists and the POUM in May 1937, and he was able to compare what he had seen with the mendacious accounts successfully planted by the communists in the world's media.
The Spanish-American War: The Leap into Overseas Empire, Part 1, by Joseph R. Stromberg, Freedom Daily, Dec 1998
Describes the political and other forces that led to the Spanish-American War, the military actions in Cuba and the Philippines and the immediate aftermath
McKinley had his own timetable, however, and conducted negotiations with Spain in which new demands followed every Spanish concession, until Spain was left with the choice of either granting complete independence to Cuba or fighting the Americans over the difference between Cuban 'autonomy' and 'independence.' The DeLôme Letter (the Spanish ambassador's private criticisms of McKinley – intercepted and published by pro-Cubans) ... worsened relations. ... As in Cuba, Spain had a rebellion on its hands in the Philippines before the Americans came on the scene.

The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "Spain" as of 1 Oct 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.