Territory in southern Europe, ruled since 1946 by the Repubblica Italiana

Reference

Italy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"Italy, officially the Italian Republic or the Republic of Italy (Italian: Repubblica italiana), is a unitary parliamentary republic in South-Central Europe. To the north, it borders France, Switzerland, Austria and Slovenia along the Alps. To the south, it consists of the entirety of the Italian Peninsula, Sicily, Sardinia–the two largest islands in the Mediterranean Sea–and many other smaller islands. The independent states of San Marino and the Vatican City are enclaves within Italy, whilst Campione d'Italia is an Italian exclave in Switzerland. The territory of Italy covers some 301,338 km² and is influenced by a temperate seasonal climate. With 60.6 million inhabitants, it is the fifth most populous country in Europe, and the 23rd most populous in the world. ..."

Birthplace of

John Emerich Edward Dalberg Acton, in Naples, on 10 Jan 1834

Measures of Freedom

Human Freedom Index [PDF], The Human Freedom Index 2016
2014: 8.09, Rank: 28, Personal Freedom: 9.00, Economic Freedom: 7.17, Democracy Index: 7.68
Italy | Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2016
2016: Status: Free, Aggregate Score: 89, Political Rights: 1, Civil Liberties: 1
"Several reforms promoted by Prime Minister Matteo Renzi passed or went into effect in 2015, affecting the labor, electoral, banking, and education sectors. Renzi continued to advocate for improvements to the judiciary as well as for an ambitious parliamentary reform plan, which the Senate approved in October. The Renzi government continued to reduce spending and restructure the civil sector to counter the economic problems that had challenged its predecessors. "
Level of Economic Freedom, Economic Freedom of the World
2014: 7.17, Rank: 69

Articles

Give Me Liberty, by Rose Wilder Lane, 1936
Originally published as an article titled "Credo" in the Saturday Evening Post; describes her experiences in and history of Soviet Russia and Europe, contrasting them with the history of the United States, emphasizing the individualist themes
"I said that in Italy, as in Russia, an essentially medieval, planned and controlled economic order was taking over the fruits of the industrial revolution while destroying its root, the freedom of the individual. 'Why will you talk about the rights of individuals!' Italians explained, at last impatient. 'An individual is nothing. As individuals we have no importance whatever. I will die, you will die, millions will live and die, but Italy does not die. Italy is important. Nothing matters but Italy.'"