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Territory in north central Europe, ruled since 1991 by the Lietuvos Respublika

Lithuania (Lithuanian: Lietuva), officially the Republic of Lithuania (Lithuanian: Lietuvos Respublika), is a country in the Baltic region of northern-eastern Europe. One of the three Baltic states, it is situated along the southeastern shore of the Baltic Sea, to the east of Sweden and Denmark. It is bordered by Latvia to the north, Belarus to the east and south, Poland to the south and Kaliningrad Oblast (a Russian exclave) to the southwest. Lithuania has an estimated population of 2.8 million people as of 2017, and its capital and largest city is Vilnius. Other major cities are Kaunas and Klaipėda. Lithuanians are a Baltic people. The official language, Lithuanian, along with Latvian, is one of only two living languages in the Baltic branch of the Indo-European language family.

Geographical type: Territory

Latitude: 55° N — Longitude: 24° E

Area: 65,300 km²

ISO 3166-2 code: LT

Measures of Freedom

Human Freedom Index [PDF], The Human Freedom Index 2021
2019: 8.68, Rank: 19, Personal Freedom: 9.01, Economic Freedom: 8.21
Level of Economic Freedom, Economic Freedom of the World
2014: 7.81, Rank: 15
Lithuania | Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2022
2016: Status: Free, Aggregate Score: 91, Political Rights: 1, Civil Liberties: 1
Tensions stemming from Russia's invasion of Crimea have been influencing developments in Lithuania since 2014. With President Dalia Grybauskaitė citing security concerns, in March 2015 the parliament approved the reintroduction of military conscription. Meanwhile, authorities continued to scrutinize broadcasts of Russian television channels.

The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "Lithuania" as of 27 Jul 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.