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Territory in northwestern Europe, ruled since 1944 by the Groussherzogtum Lëtzebuerg

Luxembourg (Luxembourgish: Lëtzebuerg; French: Luxembourg; German: Luxemburg), officially the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg (Luxembourgish: Groussherzogtum Lëtzebuerg, French: Grand-Duché de Luxembourg, German: Großherzogtum Luxemburg), is a small landlocked country in western Europe. It is bordered by Belgium to the west and north, Germany to the east and France to the south. Its capital, Luxembourg City, together with Brussels and Strasbourg, is one of the three official capitals of the European Union and the seat of the European Court of Justice, the highest judicial authority in the EU. Its culture, people and languages are highly intertwined with its neighbors, making it essentially a mixture of French and German cultures, as evident by the nation's three official languages: French, German and the national language, Luxembourgish (sometimes considered a dialect of German). The repeated invasions by Germany, especially in World War II, resulted in the country's strong will for mediation between France and Germany and, among other things, led to the foundation of the European Union.

Measures of Freedom

Human Freedom Index [PDF], The Human Freedom Index 2021
2019: 8.8, Rank: 10, Personal Freedom: 9.48, Economic Freedom: 7.84
Level of Economic Freedom, Economic Freedom of the World
2014: 7.65, Rank: 23
Luxembourg | Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2016
2016: Status: Free, Aggregate Score: 98, Political Rights: 1, Civil Liberties: 1
The European Commission (EC) continued to investigate allegations that Luxembourg had given multinational corporations favorable tax arrangements that violated European Union (EU) regulations. EC president Jean-Claude Juncker, who was the country's prime minister from 1995 to 2013, faced scrutiny in the investigations, with critics raising questions about his awareness of the arrangements.

The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "Luxembourg" as of 21 Sep 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.