Territory in east central Asia, ruled since 1992 by the Mongol uls

Mongolia (Mongolian: Монгол Улс Monggol Ulus) is a landlocked country in East Asia. Its area is roughly equivalent with the historical territory of Outer Mongolia, and that term is sometimes used to refer to the current state. It is sandwiched between China to the south and Russia to the north. Mongolia does not share a border with Kazakhstan, although only 37 kilometers separates them.

Measures of Freedom

Human Freedom Index [PDF], The Human Freedom Index 2016
2014: 7.52, Rank: 47, Personal Freedom: 7.66, Economic Freedom: 7.39, Democracy Index: 6.22
Level of Economic Freedom, Economic Freedom of the World
2014: 7.39, Rank: 45
Mongolia | Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2016
2016: Status: Free, Aggregate Score: 86, Political Rights: 1, Civil Liberties: 2
"President Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj was in the middle of his second four-year term in 2015 after winning the 2013 presidential election. Prime Minister Chimed Saikhanbileg of the Democratic Party (DP), who took office in 2014, remained at the helm of a coalition government. In August, six cabinet members from the coalition's other major party, the Mongolian People's Party (MPP), were discharged from their positions as part of preparations for the 2016 national elections."

Articles

How to Destroy Mongolian Mining, by Morgan J. Poliquin, Mises Daily, 20 Jun 2006
"The Mongolian state on May 12th imposed what it has termed a 'windfall profits' tax on mining carried out in that country. ... The beneficiaries of the royalty would be the Mongolian state and the privileged groups to whom it would decide to dispense the proceeds. Mongolians would be better off building on the new wealth created by a potential copper mine ..."
Related Topics: Mining, Taxation, Wages

The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "Mongolia" as of 22 Sep 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.