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Territory in southeast Asia, ruled since 1989 by the Pyidaunzu Thanmăda Myăma Nainngandaw

Myanmar, officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a country in Southeast Asia. Myanmar is bordered by India and Bangladesh to its west, Thailand and Laos to its east and China to its north and northeast. To its south, about one third of Myanmar's total perimeter of 5,876 km forms an uninterrupted coastline of 1,930 km along the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea. The country's 2014 census counted the population to be 51 million people. As of 2017, the population is about 54 million. Myanmar is 676,578 square kilometers in size. Its capital city is Naypyidaw, and its largest city and former capital is Yangon (Rangoon). Myanmar has been a member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) since 1997.

Geographical type: Territory

Latitude: 22° N — Longitude: 96° E

Area: 676,578 km²

ISO 3166-2 code: MM

Measures of Freedom

Human Freedom Index [PDF], The Human Freedom Index 2021
2019: 5.78, Rank: 141, Personal Freedom: 5.72, Economic Freedom: 5.94
Level of Economic Freedom, Economic Freedom of the World
2014: 5.39, Rank: 148
Myanmar | Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2022
2016: Status: Not Free, Aggregate Score: 28, Political Rights: 6, Civil Liberties: 5
Opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi's National League for Democracy (NLD) won an overwhelming victory in November 2015 parliamentary elections, and the ruling Union and Solidarity Development Party (USDP) accepted the results, setting the stage for the peaceful formation of a new government in early 2016. However, military appointees would retain 25 percent of the seats in both houses, and as many as 1 million people—most of them from the ethnic Rohingya minority—were disenfranchised, having been excluded from the voter list ahead of the elections.


Orwell, George (1903-1950), by David Ramsay Steele, The Encyclopedia of Libertarianism, 15 Aug 2008
Biographical essay
Administratively, Burma was then part of India, and Blair was assigned to the Burmese police, where he served for 5 years. Home on leave in 1927, he abruptly resigned his position in Burma and announced his intention of becoming a writer. ... In 1934, Orwell published his powerful novel Burmese Days, which, like his previous work, was not an immediate success. It is difficult to be certain of Orwell's precise political views prior to 1936. For example, Burmese Days is fiercely anti-empire, but we do not know exactly how Orwell's attitudes toward the empire evolved during his stint in Burma and immediately afterward.
Related Topics: George Orwell, Spain, World War II

The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "Myanmar" as of 23 Sep 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.