British writer, author of 1984 and Animal Farm
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  • George Orwell

    Eric Arthur Blair (25 June 1903 – 21 January 1950), better known by his pen name George Orwell, was an English novelist, essayist, journalist and critic whose work is marked by lucid prose, awareness of social injustice, opposition to totalitarianism and outspoken support of democratic socialism.

    Reference

    Orwell, George (1903-1950), by David Ramsay Steele, The Encyclopedia of Libertarianism, 15 Aug 2008
    Biographical essay
    "George Orwell was a British novelist, essayist, and social analyst. His writings, especially Animal Farm and 1984, had the effect of combating socialism, yet he was a committed socialist who never explicitly questioned socialism in the years immediately before his death at a comparatively young age. From the mid-1930s on, Orwell became increasingly preoccupied with the rise of totalitarianism. Orwell saw totalitarianism as a new slave state that would abolish capitalism, would be far worse than capitalism, and would not institute anything he would choose to call socialism."
    Related Topics: Myanmar, Spain, World War II

    Born

    25 Jun 1903, Eric Arthur Blair, in Motihari, India

    Died

    21 Jan 1950, in London

    Awards Received

    1984 Prometheus Hall of Fame Award, granted by Libertarian Futurist Society, Prometheus Hall of Fame Award
    For Nineteen Eighty-Four
    2011 Prometheus Hall of Fame Award, granted by Libertarian Futurist Society, Prometheus Hall of Fame Award
    For Animal Farm
    Animal Farm , Writer (novel)

    Articles

    10 Things You Never Knew About Orwell's 1984, by Anna Mathews, 13 Jul 2017
    Ten brief items that most people are unlikely to know about Orwell and his novel
    "Before he wrote 1984, Orwell worked for the British government during World War II as a propagandist at the BBC. (Perhaps seeing the propaganda industry up close led to his critical portrait in 1984.) ... On an ironic note, Orwell himself was under government surveillance while writing his novel warning about government surveillance. The British government was watching Orwell because they believed he held socialist opinions. This surveillance started after he published The Road to Wigan Pier, a true story about poverty and the lower class in England."
    Related Topics: Japan, Russia, Freedom of Speech
    George Orwell - Hero of the Day, by John C. LeGere, The Daily Objectivist, 2000
    "Eric Arthur Blair, known to the world as George Orwell (1903-1950), was a 'socialist' who found himself unable to long abide any actual socialist party or regime. ... Unlike most on the Left—who either embrace totalitarianism or simply evade the logic of their own position—Orwell's intellectual honesty compelled him to spend his life banging his head against his perceived moral dilemma. The products of that struggle include some powerful writing, notably his last work, 1984. ... as a critic and counter-puncher he was fearless. And as the permanent bad conscience of all decent leftists, he is irreplaceable."
    How Big Brother Began, by Solveig Singleton, Cato Institute Commentary, 25 Nov 1997
    Discusses the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act, the proposed 1997 Fair Health Information Practices Act and the federal databases that they require (or would have required)
    "The nightmare world of constant video surveillance described by George Orwell in 1984 is one of the most compelling images of the 20th century. Big Brother is an icon of totalitarianism more familiar than real-world dictators. But policymakers who have forgotten Orwell's lessons are even now creating government databases containing information about private citizens. ... Our privacy is in danger because we have missed Orwell's point — 'Big Brother' is not the video camera in the department store. Big Brother is a huge government with unique police powers that can control every aspect of our lives."
    Imagine a Boot Stamping on Your Face, by John W. Whitehead, 7 Jul 2017
    Discusses what the author considers a police state in 2017 United States and provides short reviews of 15 films that "may be the best representation of what we now face as a society"
    "We have arrived, way ahead of schedule, into the dystopian future dreamed up by such science fiction writers as George Orwell, Aldous Huxley, Margaret Atwood and Philip K. Dick. Much like Orwell’s Big Brother in 1984, the government and its corporate spies now watch our every move. ... Nineteen Eighty-Four (1984). The best adaptation of Orwell's dark tale, this film visualizes the total loss of freedom in a world dominated by technology and its misuse, and the crushing inhumanity of an omniscient state. ... As George Orwell warned, 'If you want a picture of the future, imagine a boot stamping on a human face forever.'"
    Non-Marxist Theories of Imperialism, by Alan Fairgate, Feb 1976
    Examines writings of critics of imperialism that are not based on Marxist analysis
    "Murray Rothbard, in 'Harry Elmer Barnes as Revisionist of the Cold War' (in Arthur A. Goddard (ed.), Harry Elmer Barnes, Learned Crusader ...), focused on Barnes' use of George Orwell's 1984 as a model for understanding the emergence of 'military state capitalism' in the United States. While this theme was raised in Barnes' Perpetual War for Perpetual Peace, it was most extensively developed by him in an unpublished manuscript, 'How'Nineteen Eighty-Four' Trends Threaten Peace, Freedom and Prosperity.'"
    Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four Describes the Authoritarian Left Better Than It Does Trump, by Brendan O'Neill, 20 Feb 2017
    Examines the resurgence in popularity of the title work and argues that those on the left who read it seeking answers to Donald Trump's authoritarianism may instead find more reflections of their own behavior
    "It's great to see that leftists and millennials and others are snapping up George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four in a bid to make some sense of Trump's presidency. Because when they get deep into this dystopian tale—into the Newspeaking, sex-fearing, history-rewriting meat of it—they might realize that it describes their authoritarianism better than Trump's. I can picture their faces now: 'Guys ... is this novel about us?' ... Trump will be authoritarian, that's for sure. But his is likely to be a clumsy authoritarianism, oafish rather than Orwellian."
    Related Topic: Freedom of Speech
    Security Cameras' Slippery Slope, by Gene Healy, The Washington Examiner, 11 May 2010
    Discusses the use of surveillance cameras in New York City, in London and elsewhere in the United Kingdom and in the United States, as well as drones by British police
    "In his 1941 essay, England, Your England, George Orwell laid out some of the distinctive characteristics of the British national character, among them, that 'the liberty of the individual is still believed in,' and 'the most hateful of all names in the English ear is Nosey Parker.' One is struck, he wrote, by 'the privateness of English life.' Today, not so much. Driven by fears of Irish Republican Army terrorism, the British Home Office spent nearly 80 percent of its criminal justice budget in the 1990s on surveillance technology."
    The Brilliant but Confused Radicalism of George Orwell, by Jeff Riggenbach, 24 Jun 2010
    Transcript of the Libertarian Tradition podcast of 16 Jun 2010; biographical essay examining the argument that 1984 derives in large part from Orwell's experiences at St Cyprian's, an English boarding school
    "One doesn't have to read far into the works of George Orwell to discover that he had no understanding of economics whatsoever and was not personally a libertarian in the sense we have in mind when we use that word today. He was a permanently confused but authentically and radically antiauthoritarian democratic socialist. ... George Orwell presents us with yet another case of a writer who was not himself a libertarian as we understand the term today, but whose last two novels, Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-four, have earned him a place in the libertarian tradition."
    Related Topic: Compulsory Education
    The War System and Its Intellectual Myths, by Murray Rothbard, Harry Elmer Barnes: Learned Crusader, 1968
    Originally titled "Harry Elmer Barnes as Revisionist of the Cold War"
    "Harry Elmer Barnes ... has been greatly impressed by George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four, and is unique in having penetrated to the real lesson that ... the monstrous and deadening dominion of 1984 society was being imposed upon all the world power-blocs through the excuse of perpetually cold and minor hot wars."
    Why Are We Afraid To Be Free?, by Butler Shaffer, 27 Nov 2001
    Examines the question of how to bring about freedom in individuals' lives, discussing how government influences people to be in conflicted states and how one must look within oneself and act accordingly to begin to be "free"
    "As George Orwell reminded us, the corruption of language is essential to the success of all political systems. ... Look at how Orwell's message continues to play out in our thinking. The Air Force's 'Strategic Air Command' motto, 'peace is our profession,' is straight out of 1984, just as 'affirmative action' programs remind us of the amended principle of Animal Farm that while 'all animals are equal, some are more equal than others.'"

    Cartoons and Comic Strips

    Workers don't seem to be voting to unionize anymore!, by Chuck Asay, 21 Aug 2008

    Videos


    George Orwell's 1984 in 5 mins - Animated, by Shaun McKinnon, 8 Jan 2014
    Short animated video, with introduction and closing commentary, reading key passages from Orwell's 1984
    John Hospers: From 1776 to 1984, by John Hospers, 12 Jul 1984
    Hospers compares the American Revolution to the scenes in Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four, as well as the year this talk was given and Huxley's Brave New Wold; presented at the Libertarian International conference in London

    The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "George Orwell" as of 28 Jul 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.