Holiday celebrated on the fourth Thursday in November (U.S.)

Thanksgiving is a national holiday in the United States, celebrated on the fourth Thursday of November. It originated as a harvest festival. Thanksgiving has been celebrated nationally on and off since 1789, with a proclamation by George Washington after a request by Congress. Thomas Jefferson chose not to observe the holiday, and its celebration was intermittent until the presidency of Abraham Lincoln, when Thanksgiving became a federal holiday in 1863, during the American War Between the States. Lincoln proclaimed a national day of "Thanksgiving and Praise to our beneficent Father who dwelleth in the Heavens", to be celebrated on the last Thursday in November. Under President Franklin D. Roosevelt, the date was changed to the fourth Thursday in November. Together with Christmas and the New Year, Thanksgiving is a part of the broader fall–winter holiday season in the U.S.

Articles

Thanksgiving the first Libertarian holiday, by Matthew A. Givens, The Crimson White, 19 Nov 2003
Explains how and why the Pilgrims turned from socialism to capitalism
"Thanksgiving, far from being the simple and uninspiring story of a group of people learning how to farm, is actually a celebration of what has made America itself great. It is the story of people working together by working for themselves first, and in so doing, improving the standard of living for everyone. These are the American ideas we hold dear. As you sit down to your table laden with turkey, dressing and pumpkin pie, remember the true story of Thanksgiving, and what it means to all."
Related Topics: Capitalism, Socialism
The Great Thanksgiving Hoax, by Richard J. Maybury, The Free Market, Nov 1985
Describes what really happened to the Mayflower pilgrims (and also at Jamestown) by relying on governor William Bradford's History of Plymouth Plantation
"But after free markets were established, the resulting abundance was so dramatic that annual Thanksgiving celebrations became common throughout the colonies, and in 1863 Thanksgiving became a national holiday. Thus, the real meaning of Thanksgiving, deleted from the official story, is: Socialism does not work; the one and only source of abundance is free markets, and we thank God we live in a country where we can have them."
Related Topics: Free Market, Socialism
The Grinch Who Moved Thanksgiving, by Bill Kauffman, 26 Nov 2003

The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "Thanksgiving (United States)" as of 27 Nov 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.