Thirty-second President of the United States
Franklin D. Roosevelt

Franklin Delano Roosevelt Sr. (30 January 1882 – 12 April 1945), often referred to by his initials FDR, was an American statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd President of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945. A Democrat, he won a record four presidential elections and became a central figure in world events during the mid-20th century. Roosevelt directed the federal government during most of the Great Depression, implementing his New Deal domestic agenda in response to the worst economic crisis in U.S. history. As a dominant leader of his party, he built the New Deal Coalition, which realigned American politics into the Fifth Party System and defined American liberalism throughout the middle third of the 20th century. His third and fourth terms were dominated by World War II. He is often rated by scholars as one of the three greatest U.S. Presidents, along with George Washington and Abraham Lincoln.

Articles

Albert Jay Nock: A Gifted Pen for Radical Individualism, by Jim Powell, The Freeman, Mar 1997
Biographical essay, including his early life, editorship of The Freeman, and notable books and essays
"Nock became an implacable foe of Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal. In May 1934, he wrote: 'Probably not many realize how the rapid centralization of government in America has fostered a kind of organized pauperism. The big industrial states contribute most of the Federal revenue, and the bureaucracy distributes it in the pauper states wherever it will do the most good in a political way. ...' ... He affirmed his authentic radicalism in many of the 48 articles he wrote between 1932 and 1939 for American Mercury, hotbed of opposition to FDR."
America as Utopia, by Robert Nisbet, Reason, Mar 1987
Historical survey of the "American Religion" (America as "the city upon a hill") from the Pilgrims to the present and questions whether it will progress further in the near future
"In Roosevelt's view—a view helped a great deal by his man Harry Hopkins, ever vigilant to Soviet interest and welfare—Stalin was precisely the kind of world leader Roosevelt could work with after the war against Nazi Germany was won. After all, the Soviets had (yet) no record of imperialism, and despite such misfortunes as the liquidation of the peasantry, the purges, and the 1939 pact with Hitler, they were clearly on the way to becoming a nation like the United States. So FDR thought to the very end of his life, and by so thinking brought the Cold War upon America ..."
A scholar's scholar retires, by Donald J. Boudreaux, TribLIVE.com, 21 Jul 2015
Discusses Higgs' retirement, highlighting his books Competition and Coercion and Crisis and Leviathan as well as his identification of "regime uncertainty"
"Bob first used regime uncertainty to explain the length of the Great Depression. In the early 1930s, President Herbert Hoover ... launched the government into unprecedented heights of activity. FDR followed with even more interventions. These interventions frightened entrepreneurs and investors. ... The insecurity that these developments injected into the U.S. economy kept it greatly depressed for more than a decade. Not until the less radical Truman replaced the increasingly radical Roosevelt ... did the economic climate once again encourage enough entrepreneurial activity to promote growth."
Related Topics: Government, Robert Higgs, The State
A Tribute to John T. Flynn, by Adam Young, 31 Jan 2003
Biographical overview followed by quotes from Flynn's writings on FDR, Roosevelt's monument, the New Deal and the Roosevelt myth
"Flynn was a critic of Roosevelt's New Deal, and of Roosevelt's motives and personality traits virtually from the start, viewing the entire program as a copy of Mussolini's Fascist State corporatism. Key to Flynn's critique of New Dealism was the similarity between the Code Authorities of Roosevelt's National Recovery Administration, and Mussolini's state-supervised industrial cartels.... In response to Flynn's unremitting criticisms of him, Roosevelt personally wrote a letter to a magazine editor suggesting that Flynn 'should be barred hereafter from the columns of any presentable daily paper, monthly magazine, or national quarterly.'"
Beginning of the end of America: Olbermann addresses the Military Commissions Act in a special comment, by Keith Olbermann, 18 Oct 2006
Transcript and video of the Countdown with Keith Olbermann show segment criticizing Bush's signing of the Military Commissions Act
"And we have been here when President Franklin D. Roosevelt insisted that Executive Order 9066 was necessary to save American lives, only to watch him use that order to imprison and pauperize 110,000 Americans while his man in charge, General DeWitt, told Congress: 'It makes no difference whether he is an American citizen—he is still a Japanese.' American citizens, in American camps, for something they neither wrote nor said nor did, but for the choices they or their ancestors had made about coming to America. ... Roosevelt's internment ... would necessitate a formal apology ... to the citizens ... whose lives it ruined."
Capitalism Saves Us All, by Bernard Chapin, 14 Jun 2004
A review of How Capitalism Saved America: The Untold History of Our Country, from the Pilgrims to the Present by Thomas J. DiLorenzo
"... the chapter, 'How the New Deal Crippled Capitalism' issues a proper indictment of the conventional wisdom that Roosevelt's terms in office saved the country and capitalism itself. ... Unemployment never fell below 14.6 percent between 1932 and 1940 and between '1930 to 1940 net private investment was minus $3.1 billion.' What The New Deal really represented was masterful electioneering and showcased, once again, that while FDR was a brilliant politician, he knew little about how to improve the economic health of our citizenry."
Related Topics: Capitalism, Property Rights
Democracy Versus Liberty, by James Bovard, The Freeman, Aug 2006
Discusses the dangers of equating liberty with "self-government" as majority rule
"Franklin Roosevelt’s presidency was the clearest turning point in the American understanding of freedom. ... Roosevelt perennially invoked freedom as a pretext to increase government power. His promises of freedom for the entire world distracted attention from how his administration was subjugating Americans. Partly because Americans in the 1930s and early 1940s were less politically astute than those of the Founding era, FDR's bait and switch worked like a charm—and was canonized into American folklore by Norman Rockwell and others."
Emergencies: The Breeding Ground of Tyranny, by William L. Anderson, Future of Freedom, Nov 2006
Examines the long history of "emergency powers" claimed by U.S. Presidents, including recent examples such as sanctions stemming from the International Economic Powers Act and the so-called War on Terror
"After Franklin Roosevelt took office in 1933, he invoked the 'emergency powers' that had been written into the Trading with the Enemy Act in 1917 to seize privately held gold in order to inflate the dollar. Presumably he thought that inflation would stimulate consumer spending and 'revitalize' the moribund U.S. economy. Like his other New Deal policies, this one provided little relief but instead further undermined private enterprise."
Felix Morley – Washington Post & his Career, by Leonard Liggio
Review of Morley's autobiographical For the Record
"Morley criticizes FDR for his refusal to consult with President Hoover during the long transition from 1932 November election to the inauguration on March 4, 1933 ... FDR's massive popular vote in November, 1936 led him to propose to pack the US Supreme Court on February 5, 1937. FDR proposed that he appoint an additional judge for every federal judge over the age of 70 years, and up to six additional US Supreme Court judges for those over 70 years. ... By the summer of 1937, Roosevelt had lost his fight to pack the US Supreme Court as well as support for his domestic program as the US again entered into a depression."
Garet Garrett (1878-1954) On Empire, by Joseph R. Stromberg, 5 Aug 2000
Biographical and bibliographical essay, focusing on the essays in The People's Pottage
"As the New Deal administration of Franklin Roosevelt seemed more and more to threaten those values fundamentally, Garrett became an important spokesman of the emerging Old Right opposition movement. ... Garrett details how the New Deal accomplished its ends: Roosevelt's illegal 'banking holiday,' repudiation of what was left of the gold standard, and the abortive fascistic National Recovery Administration ... As in the Roman case, the new imperial rulers were careful to keep up the appearances of republican legitimacy. FDR, like Augustus, was merely the 'first man' among equals."
H. L. Mencken, America's Wittiest Defender of Liberty: Mencken Was America's Foremost Newspaperman and Literary Critic, by Jim Powell, The Freeman, Sep 1995
Biographical essay, highlighting Mencken's tenure at the Baltimore Sun, the books he authored, the founding and his work at the American Mercury monthly and his brief relationship with Sara Haardt
"Mencken denounced Franklin Delano Roosevelt for amassing dangerous political power and for maneuvering to enter World War II, and he again lost his newspaper job. Moreover, the President ridiculed him by name. ... Mencken expressed outrage at violence against blacks and as Hitler menaced Europe, Mencken attacked President Roosevelt for refusing to admit Jewish refugees into the United States: 'There is only one way to help the fugitives, and that is to find places for them in a country in which they can really live. Why shouldn't the United States take in a couple hundred thousand of them, or even all of them?'"
How Franklin Roosevelt Lied America Into War, by William Henry Chamberlin, Perpetual War for Perpetual Peace, 1953
Excerpted from chapter 8, "The Bankruptcy of a Policy", of the Harry Elmer Barnes anthology; describes several actions by Roosevelt and his administration which contradicted his campaign pledges "to keep our country out of war"
"One of the President's first actions after the beginning of hostilities was to call Congress into special session and ask for the repeal of the embargo on the sales of arms to belligerent powers, which was part of the existing neutrality legislation. He based his appeal on the argument that this move would help to keep the United States at peace. ... This statement was made after the President had opened up a secret correspondence with Winston Churchill ... What has been revealed ..., even in Churchill's own memoirs, inspires considerable doubt as to whether its main purpose was keeping America out of the war."
Interview with Karl Hess, by Karl Hess, A. Lin Neumann, Reason, May 1982
Topics discussed include the Republican Party, National Review, AEI, Goldwater, Rothbard, anarchism, the Vietnam War, Carter and Reagan, fascism, urban enterprise zones, the environment, and authoritarianism vs. freedom
"I remember when Roosevelt was elected and my mother, who was a switchboard operator, had the good sense to realize he was a social fascist despite all the good things he said he wanted to do, specifically for people like my mother. ... I really didn't like Roosevelt, that whole gang, my sense even as a kid was that he was an emperor of sorts, very elitist. I went to work when I was 15, and by that time I was an absolutely thoroughgoing Republican because the Republicans opposed Roosevelt. I knew that other people opposed him too, but it just wasn't convenient to be a Communist ..."
Isabel Paterson's Place in History, by Doug French, 20 Jun 2011
Review of Stephen D. Cox's The Woman and the Dynamo: Isabel Paterson and the Idea of America
"She railed against FDR's gold seizure from a woman's point of view: 'Never shall we forget the line of women we saw turning in their savings, under threat of ten years in jail and ten thousand dollars fine, while the multimillionaire Senator Couzens stood up bravely on the floor of the Senate and promised to "hunt them down" if they tried to hold out a few dollars' Paterson was not just adventurous with her words — calling Eleanor Roosevelt 'a pathetic fool' for instance ..."
Killing in the Name of Democracy, by James Bovard, Attention Deficit Democracy, 27 Jan 2006
Excerpt from the "Messianic Democracy" chapter, details various U.S. presidents' policies and actions from Wilson to Eisenhower
"Franklin Roosevelt painted World War II as a crusade for democracy – hailing Stalin as a partner in liberation. FDR praised Stalin as 'truly representative of the heart and soul of Russia' – as if the lack of bona fide elections in Russia was a mere technicality, since Stalin was the nation's favorite. Roosevelt praised Soviet Russia as one of the 'freedom-loving Nations' and stressed that Stalin is 'thoroughly conversant with the provisions of our Constitution.' ... The fact that the Soviet regime had been the most oppressive government in the world in the 1930s was irrelevant, as far as FDR was concerned."
Libertarianism Is the Key to Our Future, by Jacob Hornberger, Future of Freedom, Jul 2006
Examines three reasons (freedom, morality and pragmatism) that suggest that Americans will eventually return to their libertarian heritage
"This deception regarding the nature of freedom was undoubtedly one of the greatest achievements of the Franklin Roosevelt administration in the 1930s. You’ll recall that Roosevelt revolutionized American life by making the concept of the welfare state and regulated society a permanent fixture in our nation. But rather than convincing the American people of the virtues of socialism, paternalism, and government control, as other regimes in the world were doing, Roosevelt convinced Americans that their new system was, in fact, designed to save freedom and free enterprise."
Mises's Bibliographer: An Interview with Bettina Bien Greaves, by Bettina Bien Greaves, Austrian Economics Newsletter, 1998
Topics discussed include: Ludwig von Mises, the Mises bibliography project, language knowledge, Leonard Read, Henry Hazlitt, Human Action, the business cycle and her husband's Pearl Harbor book
"We have documentation that Roosevelt was not willing to wait for United States territory to be attacked. He intended on December 8 to have the United States enter the war to defend 'our national interests' in Southeast Asia when British and Thai territories were attacked in that region by the Japanese. Thus the attack on Pearl Harbor became the excuse, but it was not the reason for our entering the war. ... Most historians agree that Roosevelt wanted the United States to get into the war, but it is not well-known that he had that intention even before the December 7 attack on Pearl Harbor."
No More Great Presidents, by Robert Higgs, The Free Market, Mar 1997
Discusses the results of a 1996 poll of historians asking them to rank U.S. presidents, focusing on those ranked Great, Near Great and Failure, and offers his own ranking
"Washington ... established the precedent of stepping down after two terms, which lasted until it clashed with FDR's insatiable ambition ... Unfortunately, under FDR the Constitution suffered damage that none of his successors has repaired and most have made worse. Certainly since 1932--and, one might well argue, since 1896--no president has been true to his oath of office. Realizing the ambitions harbored by Teddy Roosevelt and Wilson, Franklin Roosevelt created the 'imperial presidency,' and we have been the worse for it ever since."
Seventy Years Since FDR: A Time To Remember John T. Flynn, by Lawrence Reed, 10 Mar 2003
Review of John T. Flynn's The Roosevelt Myth on the 70th anniversary of the inauguration of FDR, highlighting the defying attitudes of Henry Ford and Sewell Avery, the president of Montgomery Ward
"Was FDR a man of principles, a man guided in his thinking by a fixed set of lofty and noncontradictory ideas? Far from it, Flynn proves, in what is an important theme of the book. FDR's thinking and behavior show him to be a real-life exemplar of an old Groucho Marx wisecrack: 'Those are my principles. If you don't like them, I have others!' ... After being elected, ... FDR promptly championed reckless and extravagant spending and tried to centralize just about everything in Washington. He did so ... simply because he was an opportunist capitalizing on the public's demand for 'action.'"
Related Topics: John T. Flynn, World War II
The American Heritage of "Isolationism", by Gregory Bresiger, Future of Freedom, May 2006
Criticizes the use of the word "isolationist" by the media, "internationalists" and other foreign intervention promoters, looking at the heritage of noninterventionism as exemplified by Washington's Farewell Address
"Franklin Roosevelt, at the outbreak of World War II in September 1939, said the United States must be neutral. One year later, campaigning for a third term, he pledged that American boys wouldn't be sent to Europe to fight in World War II. This came while he was secretly scheming to help the British stay in the war."
The Courts and the New Deal, Part 1, by William L. Anderson, Future of Freedom, Jun 2005
First part of a four-part series examining how Franklin D. Roosevelt and his New Deal affected federal courts and other legal practices; contrasts the thoughts of Blackstone and Bentham
"... the centralization of government ... reached warp speed during the 1930s, the period we know as the New Deal. The legislative agenda that President Franklin D. Roosevelt sought to impose was collectivist in nature and clearly went against the emphasis on individual rights that reflected the core philosophy of those who wrote the Constitution. Although the U.S. Supreme Court resisted the New Deal during Roosevelt's first term, ultimately the president was able to push his agenda by remaking the High Court, which became little more than a rubber stamp for policies that made a mockery of rule of law and of the rights of individuals."
The Federal Ripoff, by George Leef, Future of Freedom, Nov 2006
Review of The Big Ripoff: How Big Business and Big Government Steal Your Money by Timothy P. Carney
"Franklin Roosevelt is famous for his attacks on businessmen as 'economic royalists,' but many big business leaders were quite content to be thrown into his briar patch of governmental controls because they saw them as beneficial. Beneficial, that is, for their firms in the short run. ... One of Roosevelt's lasting pro-business, anti-market innovations is the Export-Import Bank. Initially created by executive order as a way to circumvent congressional restrictions on trade with the Soviet Union, the bank was given greater status and authority when Congress passed the Export-Import Bank Act in 1945."
The Federal War on Gold, Part 3, by Jacob Hornberger, Future of Freedom, Oct 2006
Describes Franklin Roosevelt's executive order confiscating gold and nullifying gold clauses in contracts, its constitutional ramifications and subsequent related history
"It is impossible to overstate the significance of the Franklin Roosevelt administration's confiscation of gold and its nullification of gold clauses in contracts. ... On April 5, 1933, newly inaugurated President Roosevelt issued Executive Order 6102, which prohibited the 'hoarding' of gold by U.S. citizens. ... What the Congress had done is delegate its power to make certain laws to the president, essentially vesting Roosevelt with dictatorial powers."
The Final Secret of Pearl Harbor, by John T. Flynn, Oct 1945
Written shortly after the release of the U.S. Army and Navy reports on the Pearl Harbor attack, Flynn claims it was the result of "three incredible blunders" and that President Roosevelt "personally managed the whole crisis"
"It was Roosevelt who bottled the fleet in Pearl Harbor. It was Roosevelt who stripped the base of its defenses. ... By January 1, 1941, Roosevelt had decided to go to war with Japan. But he had solemnly pledged the people he would not take their sons to foreign wars unless attacked. Hence he dared not attack and so decided to provoke the Japanese to do so. ... When the attack came he was appalled and frightened. He dared not give the facts to the country. To save himself he maneuvered to lay the blame upon Kimmel and Short. To prevent them from proving their innocence he refused them a trial."
Related Topics: Japan, World War II
The Ideological Odyssey of John T. Flynn, by John E. Moser
Short biographical essay by the author of Right Turn: John T. Flynn and the Transformation of American Liberalism
"Flynn welcomed the election of Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1932, and referred to his New Deal as a 'promising experiment,' but quickly found fault with the new president. ... while he praised certain Roosevelt projects, such as Social Security, the Securities and Exchange Committee, and the Tennessee Valley Authority, he claimed that the president had done nothing to solve the fundamental problems that underlay the American economy--the wide gap between rich and poor and gross corporate mismanagement ... Even more disturbing for Flynn was that the president seemed to be moving the country toward involvement in another war."
Related Topic: John T. Flynn
The New Deal and Roosevelt's Seizure of Gold: A Legacy of Theft and Inflation, Part 1, by William L. Anderson, Future of Freedom, Aug 2006
Discusses the economy of the United States in 1933 and the measures taken by the Roosevelt administration in an effort to reduce unemployment and preventing deflation, namely restricting production and destroying crops, as lead-up to inflating the dollar
"... Executive Order 6102 in 1933. With Roosevelt's signature, gold as legal money disappeared in the United States ... Historians generally pass by EO 6102, but without it Roosevelt's economic programs never would have gained traction. Most articles, books, and papers that cover the New Deal concentrate on the myriad of programs and policies of the Roosevelt administration, such as the National Industrial Recovery Act, the Agricultural Adjustment Act, and the Wagner Act, and the battles between Roosevelt and the U.S. Supreme Court, which had struck down some key elements of the New Deal in 1935."
Related Topics: Democratic Party, Farming, Prices
The New Deal and Roosevelt's Seizure of Gold: A Legacy of Theft and Inflation, Part 2, by William L. Anderson, Future of Freedom, Sep 2006
Describes Roosevelt's Executive Order 6102, its threats for non-compliance and its immediate effects, as well as its legacy: Btretton Woods, Nixon's closing of the gold window and current inflation
"Roosevelt based his order on the 1917 Trading with the Enemy Act, which gave the president the power to prevent people from 'hoarding gold' during a time of war. Of course, the United States was not at war in 1933, but Roosevelt claimed that it was a 'national emergency' and Congress and the courts meekly bowed to the executive. ... Unfortunately, much of the Roosevelt legacy stands. Many historians and economists continue to insist that his economic programs 'saved capitalism' when, in fact, they were based on confiscation of property and on the false notion that inflation is the source of prosperity."
The New Deal Made Them 'Right', by Damon Root, Cato Policy Report, Sep 2009
Discusses how various "prominent liberals" (Mencken, John T. Flynn, Al Smith, Burton K. Wheeler and Nock) found themselves categorized on the political right as a consequence of their opposition to Roosevelt's New Deal
"Addressing a national radio audience less than two weeks after FDR introduced the plan in Congress, Wheeler moved in for the kill: 'Every despot has usurped the power of the legislative and judicial branches in the name of the necessity for haste to promote the general welfare of the masses — and then proceeded to reduce them to servitude. I do not believe that President Roosevelt has any such thing in mind, but such has been the course of events throughout the world.' Against Wheeler's incendiary rhetoric and crafty legislative maneuverings, the court-packing bill failed to garner the necessary votes and died in the Senate by a final tally of 70-20."
The Nightmare of the New Deal, Part 1, by George Leef, Future of Freedom, Dec 2007
Review of The Forgotten Man: A New History of the Great Depression (2007) by Amity Shlaes; introduction and focus on the "bad guys"
"Shlaes isn't the first writer to try to set the historical record straight and undermine the fawning adulation usually given to Roosevelt ... Except for die-hard statists, this book will at least cause readers to smirk next time they read that Franklin Roosevelt was one of our 'great' presidents. ... The main bad-guy role goes to Roosevelt himself, of course. ... Shlaes reinforces the image of Roosevelt as merely a clever, conniving politician with one big asset, namely his great radio persona. Once he had sweet-talked his way into the White House ... his approach to policy was utterly clueless."
The Nightmare of the New Deal, Part 2, by George Leef, Future of Freedom, Jan 2008
Review of The Forgotten Man (2007) by Amity Shlaes; discusses the Schechter Supreme Court case which caused the National Recovery Administration (NRA) to be declared unconstitutional, the 1940 election and offers some concluding remarks
"What soured [Willkie] on Roosevelt was the way he and his minions went after private enterprise and especially the utilities. Roosevelt never came right out and said so, but it became clear that his socialistic underlings envisioned an America with nothing but governmentally owned electric companies. ... Shlaes recounts a radio debate Willkie had with one of Roosevelt's lawyers, Robert Jackson ... Willkie had come to see that, as Shlaes writes, 'while Roosevelt might call himself a liberal, the inexorable New Deal emphasis on the group over the individual was not liberal in the classic sense.'"
The Secret of Pearl Harbor: FDR's Role Exposed – in 1944, by Justin Raimondo, 25 May 2001
Introduction to a republishing of Flynn's 1945 pamphlet "The Final Secret of Pearl Harbor", coincident with the release of the film Pearl Harbor
"Originally a supporter of the President, Flynn became one of FDR's bitterest, most relentless critics: his book, Country Squire in the White House, so enraged its subject that FDR wrote to one editor, at the Yale Review, demanding that Flynn be 'forever barred' from the pages of the 'respectable' media. ... If the President was appalled, it was at his own handiwork, but there is no record of his fear. Harry Hopkins, his top aide ... reported that the night before, when told that the Japanese had rejected his ultimatum, the President had said simply and quite matter-of-factly, 'This means war.'"
Related Topics: John T. Flynn, World War II
The Secret State, by Carl Oglesby, 19 Dec 1991
Details various events from the dismantling of the Office of Strategic Services after World War II to the 1991 death of Danny Casolaro, which Oglesby said are reason to be worried about "a secret and invisible state within the public state"
"Wild Bill Donovan of the wartime Office of Strategic Services, the OSS, proposed to President Roosevelt before the war was over that the United States should setup a permanent civilian intelligence agency, but military foes of Donovan leaked his plan to a conservative journalist, Walter Trohan, who exposed the idea in the Chicago Tribune and denounced it as an 'American Gestapo.' But only a few weeks after this, after Roosevelt's death and the inauguration of Harry Truman, in the utmost secrecy, the Army was taking its own much more dangerous steps toward a quite literal American Gestapo."
Three New Deals: Why the Nazis and Fascists Loved FDR, by David Gordon, Mises Daily, 22 Sep 2006
Review of Three New Deals: Reflections on Roosevelt's America, Mussolini's Italy, and Hitler's Germany, 1933-1939 (2006) by Wolfgang Schivelbusch
"When Roosevelt took office in March 1933, he received from Congress an extraordinary delegation of powers to cope with the Depression. ... Roosevelt never had much use for Hitler, but Mussolini was another matter. '"I don't mind telling you in confidence," FDR remarked to a White House correspondent, 'that I am keeping in fairly close touch with that admirable Italian gentleman"' ... Why did these contemporaries see an affinity between Roosevelt and the two leading European dictators, while most people today view them as polar opposites? People read history backwards ..."
Related Topics: Fascism, John T. Flynn
Warring as Lying Throughout American History, by James Bovard, Future of Freedom, Feb 2008
Recounts how U.S. Presidents and their administrations since James Polk have lied about wars, from start to finish
"In 1940, in one of his final speeches of the presidential campaign, Franklin Roosevelt assured voters, 'Your president says this country is not going to war.' At the time, he was violating the Neutrality Act by providing massive military assistance to Britain and was searching high and low for a way to take the United States into war against Hitler. ... In early 1945, Roosevelt told Congress that the Yalta Agreement 'spells the end of the system of unilateral action and exclusive alliance and spheres of influence.' In reality, he signed off on Soviet domination of Eastern Europe and the crushing of any hopes for democracy in Poland."
Who Is Garet Garrett?, by Jeffrey Tucker, Mises Daily, 25 Oct 2007
Biographical and bibliographical essay, including both his novels and non-fiction writing
"'The Revolution Was' first appeared in 1938, the burden of which was to show that the New Deal transformed American society to such an extent that it was foolhardy to listen to American politicians ... Here he chronicles what historians have forgotten, namely, that FDR campaigned for limiting government against the big-spending policies of Herbert Hoover. He shows how the New Deal regimented production to the point of making genuine production impossible. He blasts FDR's monetary policy as nothing short of robbery, and exposes the New Deal as a violation of everything a free country should be."

Books

The Roosevelt Myth: A Critical Account of the New Deal and Its Creator, by John T. Flynn, 1948
Partial contents: Book One: Trial-and Error: The Banking Crisis - The New New Deal - Book Two: Confusion: War on the Courts - The Forgotten Depression - Book Three: Betrayal: The Atlantic Charter - The Thought Police - Politics, Disease and History

Videos


Leonard Liggio on the Rise of the Modern American Libertarian Movement, by Jacob Hornberger, Leonard Liggio, 9 Mar 1995
Talk given at Vienna Coffee Club (Future of Freedom Foundation). Liggio starts off with the New Deal and covers many events and individuals both at the core and the periphery of the modern libertarian movement

The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "Franklin D. Roosevelt" as of 30 May 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.