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Territory in southeast Europe, ruled since 1991 by the Republika Makedonija

Macedonia (Macedonian: Македонија, translit. Makedonija), officially the Republic of Macedonia (Macedonian: Република Македонија, translit. Republika Makedonija), is a country in the Balkan peninsula in southeast Europe. It is one of the successor states of the former Yugoslavia, from which it declared independence in 1991. It became a member of the United Nations in 1993, but, as a result of an ongoing dispute with Greece over the use of the name "Macedonia", was admitted under the provisional description the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (sometimes abbreviated as FYROM or FYR Macedonia), a term that is also used by international organizations such as the European Union, the Council of Europe and NATO. On 17 June 2018, Macedonia and Greece signed the Prespa agreement which would see the country change its name to “Republic of North Macedonia”, after the 30 September national referendum on the matter and legislation passing through parliament.

Geographical type: Territory

Latitude: 41.6° N — Longitude: 21.7° E

Area: 25,713 km²

ISO 3166-2 code: MK

Measures of Freedom

Human Freedom Index [PDF], The Human Freedom Index 2021
2019: 7.75, Rank: 58, Personal Freedom: 8.18, Economic Freedom: 7.13
Level of Economic Freedom, Economic Freedom of the World
2014: 7.22, Rank: 65
Macedonia | Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2016
2016: Status: Partly Free, Aggregate Score: 57, Political Rights: 4, Civil Liberties: 3
The political and security situation in Macedonia declined markedly in 2015. In February, Zoran Zaev, head of the opposition Social Democratic Union of Macedonia (SDSM), alleged that the government of Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski had sponsored an enormous wiretapping program carried out by the country's secret service. Under the program, more than 20,000 people may have had their private conversations illegally recorded.

The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "Republic of Macedonia" as of 3 Oct 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.