Madagascar (Malagasy: Madagasikara), officially the Republic of Madagascar (Malagasy: Repoblikan'i Madagasikara, French: République de Madagascar), and previously known as the Malagasy Republic, is an island country in the Indian Ocean, off the coast of East Africa. The nation comprises the island of Madagascar (the fourth-largest island in the world) and numerous smaller peripheral islands. Following the prehistoric breakup of the supercontinent Gondwana, Madagascar split from the Indian peninsula around 88 million years ago, allowing native plants and animals to evolve in relative isolation. Consequently, Madagascar is a biodiversity hotspot; over 90% of its wildlife is found nowhere else on Earth. The island's diverse ecosystems and unique wildlife are threatened by the encroachment of the rapidly growing human population and other environmental threats.
Measures of Freedom
2014: 7.05, Rank: 65, Personal Freedom: 7.56, Economic Freedom: 6.54, Democracy Index: 4.35
2014: 6.54, Rank: 108
2016: Status: Partly Free, Aggregate Score: 56, Political Rights: 3, Civil Liberties: 4
The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "Madagascar" as of 26 Sep 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.