The Gulf War (2 August 1990 – 28 February 1991), codenamed Operation Desert Shield (2 August 1990 – 17 January 1991) for operations leading to the buildup of troops and defense of Saudi Arabia and Operation Desert Storm (17 January 1991 – 28 February 1991) in its combat phase, was a war waged by coalition forces from 35 nations led by the United States against Iraq in response to Iraq's invasion and annexation of Kuwait.
Iraq after the Gulf War: Sanctions, Part 2, by Rahul Mahajan, Freedom Daily, Dec 2007
Continues the review of the effect of the sanctions imposed on Iraq after the 1991 Gulf War and the Oil for Food program started in 1996
A number of declassified documents, including a Defense Intelligence Agency report entitled 'Iraq Water Treatment Vulnerabilities' that was circulated to all allied commands the day after bombing started in 1991, show that the strain on Iraq's water system and the concomitant explosion of waterborne disease was explicitly anticipated.
In September 1990, the Pentagon announced that up to a quarter million Iraqi troops were near the border of Saudi Arabia ... The Pentagon based its claim on satellite images that it refused to disclose. ... Jean Heller, the journalist who broke the story, commented, "That [Iraqi buildup] was the whole justification for Bush sending troops in there, and it just didn't exist." Even a decade after the first Gulf war, the Pentagon refused to disclose the secret photos that justified sending half a million American troops into harm's way.
Why, exactly, did we go to war in the Gulf? The answer remains murky, but perhaps we can find one explanation by examining the strong and ominous Kuwait Connection in our government. ... It is reasonable to assume that the Sabah family stands ready to use a modest portion of that ill-gotten wealth to purchase defenders and advocates in the powerful United States.