Author, controversial Washington journalist
James Bovard

James Bovard (born 1956) is an American libertarian author and lecturer whose political commentary targets examples of waste, failures, corruption, cronyism and abuses of power in government. He is a USA Today columnist and is a frequent contributor to The Hill. He is the author of Attention Deficit Democracy and nine other books. He has written for the New York Times, Wall Street Journal, Washington Post, New Republic, Reader's Digest, The American Conservative and many other publications. His books have been translated into Spanish, Arabic, Japanese and Korean.

2004 Libertarian National Convention, Speaker

Images - James Bovard
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1956, in Iowa


JamesBovard The Future of Freedom Foundation
"James Bovard serves as policy advisor to The Future of Freedom Foundation. ... He is the author of a new e-book memoir, Public Policy Hooligan. ... He was the 1995 co-recipient of the Thomas Szasz Award for Civil Liberties work, awarded by the Center for Independent Thought, and the recipient of the 1996 Freedom Fund Award from the Firearms Civil Rights Defense Fund of the National Rifle Association."
Laissez Faire Books
Includes selection of Bovard's investigative findings and comment on his favorite books
"Author of the recent Terrorism and Tyranny, journalist Bovard (b. 1956) has established himself as today's most effective investigative reporter for liberty. Nobody comes up with more graphic material and serves it up so dramatically, which is why he has been denounced by many of the President's top underlings."

Awards Received

1995 Szasz Award for Outstanding Contributions to the Cause of Civil Liberties, by Center for Independent Thought, Thomas S. Szasz Award for Outstanding Contributions to the Cause of Civil Liberties, 1995
"... for 'prolific writing about government abuses of individuals in their economic and personal lives.'"


The Future of Freedom Foundation, Policy Adviser

Web Pages

Advocates for Self-Government - Libertarian Education: James Bovard - Libertarian
Biography, photo, bibliography and quotes
"Journalist James Bovard has written a series of remarkable political books and articles that have knocked the props out from under some of the biggest government policy frauds of our times."

Archived Articles

Future of Freedom Foundation
since Sept 1994


James Bovard |James Bovard
since Dec 2005


Misguided Democracy, by George Leef, Future of Freedom, Mar 2006
Review of Attention Deficit Democracy (2006) by James Bovard
"Bovard has made quite a writing career out of his desire to penetrate the fog of deception that shrouds so much of what government does these days to expose the truth that the state is becoming ever stronger and the sphere of liberty is constantly shrinking. (His earlier books include Lost Rights, Freedom in Chains, and Feeling Your Pain ...) With this book, he asks unsettling questions about the future of a nation afflicted with "attention deficit democracy" and concludes that unless the United States experiences a dramatic shift in its political philosophy, our freedom will continue melting away."
Sanctions: The Cruel and Brutal War against the Iraqi People, Part 1, by Jacob Hornberger, Future of Freedom, Jan 2004
Tells the history of the U.S. government sanctions against Iraq imposed by the United Nations before military action in the 1990 Gulf War, exacerbated by military targeting during the war and kept in place after the war
"In his new book, Terrorism and Tyranny, James Bovard cites the official U.S. reports that document the state of mind of U.S. officials when they decided to destroy Iraq's sewage, water, and electric-power facilities. For example, the Defense Intelligence Agency noted that "unless the water is purified with chlorine, epidemics of such diseases as cholera, hepatitis, and typhoid could occur." A Pentagon analysis confirmed the DIA's analysis: "Cholera and measles have emerged at refugee camps. Further infectious diseases will spread due to inadequate water treatment and poor sanitation.""
Related Topics: Children, Iran, Iraq
Socialism: Illegitimate, Not Just Inefficient, by Gary North, 15 May 2001
Discusses two aspects in the criticism of socialism: whether it is efficient compared to capitalism (according to the theory of value-free economics) and whether it is immoral (or contrary to human nature)
"I cannot stand to read much of a James Bovard's book at one sitting. His books enrage me too much. He catalogues horrors of interventionism. He monitors the enforcement of government regulations by real-world bureaucrats. ... His case studies are not randomly accumulated; they are carefully selected to support a moral case against government intervention into the economy. ... Occasionally, he offers an aphorism. 'Democracy is two wolves and a sheep voting on what to have for dinner.' That one is worthy of Bastiat. Bovard's books evoke moral outrage. This is why they are so important."


A Legacy of Anti-Terrorist Failure in Lebanon, Future of Freedom, Oct 2006
Details the U.S. and Israeli involvement in Lebanon, starting with the 1982 Operation Peace for Galilee, the Sabra and Shatila massacre, and the attacks on the U.S. embassy and Marine HQ
"With the Bush team cheer-leading all the way, Israel reinvaded Lebanon in July in response to Hezbollah's seizure of two Israeli soldiers. ... Americans need to pay attention to what is happening in Lebanon because there are many politicians and political appointees in Washington who want to see U.S. troops join the fray. This would be as foolish now as it was in 1982."
Related Topic: Lebanon
A Modest Proposal for the Next Drug-War Shootdown, Future of Freedom, Aug 2001
Some (tongue in cheek) recommendations in the aftermath of the shootdown by the Peruvian air force of a Cessna carrying Baptist missionaries
"But seriously, folks ... Drug warriors like to stress that anti-drug programs target the guilty and it is only an accident —and a rare one, at that— when innocent people are killed. Yet it is apparently routine policy for Peruvian jets to strafe the survivors of a shootdown."
Related Topics: War on Drugs, Peru
Blockbuster Victory for the Second Amendment, Future of Freedom, Aug 1999
Commentary on the April 1999 decision by a federal district judge to consider unconstitutional a 1994 law that decreed that a person under a domestic restraining order could not own firearms
"Judge Cummings's decision explained the historical origins of the Second Amendment. ... If Americans in the founding generation had been as fearful of firearms as many contemporary liberals are, this country might still be kowtowing to a foreign king. And Cummings did not shy away from recognizing that the Second Amendment was also enacted as a curb on abusive government ..."
Booze Busting: The New Prohibition, Future of Freedom, Dec 1998
Discusses various anti-alcohol laws and enforcement actions, including the law raising the minimum drinking age
"Perhaps the most harmful example of the anti-alcohol bias in recent legislation occurred in 1984, when Congress and President Reagan jammed a new minimum drinking age of 21 down the throats of 26 states. ... Though the 21st Amendment explicitly states that the power to regulate alcohol is vested solely in the states, Chief Justice Rehnquist and colleagues upheld the law ..."
Related Topic: Prohibition
Bush's Opium Boom, 28 May 2003
Describes attempts by the Taliban, the U.S., the United Nations and the Karzai government to control opium poppy production
"In April 2002, the Karzai government offered farmers up to $600 an acre not to plant opium. Many of the farmers who accepted the government proposal got defrauded. Instead of cash, they were given a government voucher that was often very difficult to redeem. In other cases, farmers acceded to government demands to destroy their crops but were never paid anything, not even a voucher. Some farmers concluded that the government was even more devious than the people who previously bought their opium."
Related Topic: Afghanistan
Bush's Signing Statement Dictatorship, 9 Oct 2006
Details some of Bush's (more than 800) signing statements and his "unitary executive" doctrine (invoked almost 100 times since he took office)
"President Bush has once again decreed that his personal pen is the highest law of the land. In a statement issued on October 4, 2006, he announced that he would ignore many provisions of the Homeland Security appropriations act he signed earlier in the day. His action vivifies that the rule of law now means little more than the enforcement of the secret thoughts of the commander in chief. ... So what is the meaning of 'limited government' in the Bush era? Merely that the courts and Congress must be prohibited from limiting the president's power. Bush's signing statements are building blocks for dictatorship."
Related Topics: George W. Bush, Rule of Law
China: From Brutal Oppressor to Terrorist Victim, Future of Freedom, Dec 2003
Describes how both the U.S. and Chinese governments changed their policies with respect to certain "terrorist" groups to suit their own ends
"China did not need the U.S. government's permission to repress its own subjects. But the U.S. terrorist designation of ETIM shielded China against international criticism. Wang Yong, a specialist in international relations at Beijing University, observed, 'The U.S. action on ETIM was probably a posture in exchange for China's support on Iraq.' (China is a member of the UN Security Council and could veto a UN resolution endorsing military action against Iraq.)"
Related Topic: China
Democracy Versus Liberty, The Freeman, Aug 2006
Discusses the dangers of equating liberty with "self-government" as majority rule
"If a foreign power took over the United States and dictated that American citizens surrender 40 percent of their income, required them to submit to tens of thousands of different commands ..., prohibited many of them from using their land, and denied many the chance to find work, there would be little dispute that the people were being tyrannized. ... In the same way that a political candidate's lies don't create a presumption that his opponent is honest, the fact that democracies routinely violate rights and liberties creates no presumption that other forms of government would not be worse."
Dictatorship of Gadflies, Future of Freedom, Nov 1998
Discusses the National Trust for Historic Preservation and similar groups
"Government preservation police have seized control over the exteriors — and often the interiors — of hundreds of thousands of homes and businesses. ... the premier preservationist organization, has gone from seeking to educate Americans about historic treasures to clamoring for maximum restrictions on private land use across the nation. ... Taxpayers might be surprised to know that the trust — which receives $7 million a year from the federal government — has bankrolled the political opposition to property-rights initiatives."
Related Topic: Private Property
Do Elections Guarantee Freedom?, Future of Freedom, Nov 2007
Discusses whether democratic elections achieve the purported objective of "will of the people" controlling the government
"Elections are sometimes portrayed as practically giving people automatic 'remote control' on the government. Elections kindly provide a chance for people to pre-program the government for the following years. The government will be based on the popular will, regardless of the ignorance of the populace or the duplicity of the government. ... Representatives are merely representatives, not incarnations of the General Will or the voice of God. ... Even when representative government works tolerably well, it is difficult to inspire the representatives to do much more than hustle for their own reelection."
Drug War Dementia, Future of Freedom, Nov 1996
Details various police, military and school actions and legislation in the government's war on users of certain banned substances
"If drugs were legal, we would still see deaths from overdoses, but there would be far fewer deaths from gun battles among drug dealers, far fewer neighborhoods destroyed destroyed by drug dealers, and far fewer deaths from contaminated drugs. The question is not whether drugs are bad for the individual but whether government has a right to punish people for how they treat their own bodies."
Related Topic: War on Drugs
Ellsberg's Lessons for Our Time, Future of Freedom, May 2008
Reviews Daniel Ellsberg's Secrets: A Memoir of Vietnam and the Pentagon Papers and how its commentary applies to the then current conflict in Iraq
"Daniel Ellsberg is the kind of American who should receive a Medal of Freedom. Except that the Medals of Freedom are distributed by presidents who routinely give them to 'useful idiots' and apologists for their wars and power grabs. It should be renamed the Medal for Enabling or Applauding Official Crimes in the Name of Freedom. ... Unfortunately, even when government officials risk their freedom and careers to leak information, the media sometimes refuse to publish it .. as the New York Times did with its information on Bush's illegal warrantless wiretapping of Americans' phone calls."
"Every Day is 1956": The Hungarian Revolution Today, 27 Oct 2006
"Fifty years ago, the Hungarian people bravely expelled Soviet tanks from Budapest and proclaimed their intention to create a democracy. ... Two and a half years later, it was the Hungarians who, more than any other Eastern Europeans, brought the Iron Curtain crashing down. In May 1989, Hungarian government officials cut the barbed wire on the border with Austria. ... Hungary again reminds us that we do not need to bow down to whomever manages to capture political power."
Related Topic: Hungary
Freedom to Farm Washington, Future of Freedom, Jan 1999
The results of the 1996 Freedom to Farm Act
"... if congressmen truly wanted to help worthy farmers, Freedom to Farm is a miserable failure. A 1998 USDA study found that most of the benefits of the act are going to landowners – often absentee landowners – not to the people who actually sow and harvest. Landowners responded to new subsidies by raising the rent farmers paid."
Related Topic: Farming
Free Speech on the Ropes, Future of Freedom, Jan 2006
Constrasts President Bush's "we love our freedom" rhetoric with actions to suppress dissent by establishing "free speech zones"; tells the story of a protester arrested and released but then prosecuted in non-jury trial by the Justice Department
"The First Amendment states that 'Congress shall make no law ... abridging the freedom of speech.' The Founding Fathers could have done nothing to make it clearer that the government has no right to gag the American people. However, in recent years, the Constitution is proving little or no barrier to systematic repression. ... it is ludicrous to presume that would-be terrorists are lunk-headed enough to carry an anti-Bush sign, when carrying a pro-Bush sign provides closer access to the president. ... If Americans tolerate such official repression, then their docility will earn them whatever chains the government chooses to impose."
"Free-Speech Zone", The American Conservative, 15 Dec 2003
Provides various examples of "free speech zone" incidents as well as reactions in the U.S. and overseas
"On Dec. 6, 2001, Attorney General John Ashcroft informed the Senate Judiciary Committee, 'To those who scare peace-loving people with phantoms of lost liberty ... your tactics only aid terrorists, for they erode our national unity and ... give ammunition to America’s enemies.' ... Is the administration seeking to stifle domestic criticism? Absolutely. Is it carrying out a war on dissent? Probably not—yet. But the trend lines in federal attacks on freedom of speech should raise grave concerns to anyone worried about the First Amendment or about how a future liberal Democratic president ... might exploit the precedents ..."
Hoover's Second Wrecking of American Agriculture, Future of Freedom, Dec 2005
Follow-up to "How the Feds Took Over Farming," describes the policies of Hoover's Federal Farm Board
"The Farm Board was certain that a world shortage of wheat was imminent and that importing nations would soon come begging to America. Instead, Canadian and Argentinean farmers reaped windfall profits ... Its massive cache ... depressed world prices, since every grain dealer in the world knew that the United States would eventually dump its surplus on the market."
Related Topic: Farming
Illegal Surveillance: A Real Security Threat, 27 Feb 2006
Describes how the FBI, IRS and other agencies spied on Americans on both sides of the political spectrum during the 1960s and 1970s, and warns about the NSA wiretaps ordered by George W. Bush
"Americans seem to have forgotten why the Founding Fathers prohibited government from spying on them. Public opinion polls show that a rising percentage of Americans approve of the warrantless National Security Agency wiretaps of Americans that Bush ordered. But such blind faith in government simply ignores the lessons of U.S. history. ... Illegal wiretaps will pave the way for other government crimes. The more information government gathers on people, the more power it will have over them. The more expansive and secretive government intrusions become, the easier it becomes for government to rule by fear."
Iraqi Sanctions and American Intentions: Blameless Carnage? Part 1, Future of Freedom, Jan 2004
Examines the effects of the destruction of Iraqi infrastucture during the 1990-91 Gulf War, the subsequent UN sanctions and the "oil for food" program
"... an epidemiologist and an expert on the effects of sanctions, estimated in 2003 that the sanctions had resulted in infant and young-child fatalities numbering between 343,900 and 529,000. ... Sanctions wreaked havoc on the Iraqi people, in part because the Pentagon intentionally destroyed Iraq's water-treatment systems during the first U.S.-Iraq war ..."
Related Topic: Iraq
Iraqi Sanctions and American Intentions: Blameless Carnage? Part 2, Future of Freedom, Feb 2004
Further examination of the effects of the Iraqi sanctions and the hypocritical comments after the 2003 invasion
"After human-rights advocates had harshly condemned sanctions on Iraq for almost a decade, the sanctions suddenly morphed into a causus belli. ... Progressive editor Matthew Rothschild observed that Bush and Blair 'refuse to acknowledge any responsibility for those deaths ...' In reality, the United States government perennially blocked the importation of the necessary equipment and supplies to repair the water system ..."
Related Topic: Iraq
Killing in the Name of Democracy, Attention Deficit Democracy, 27 Jan 2006
Excerpt from the "Messianic Democracy" chapter, details various U.S. presidents' policies and actions from Wilson to Eisenhower
"The U.S. government's first experience with forcibly spreading democracy came in the wake of the Spanish-American War ... President Woodrow Wilson raised tub-thumping for democracy to new levels ... During the 1920s and 1930s, U.S. military interventions in Latin America were routinely portrayed as 'missions to establish democracy.'"
Killing in the Name of Democracy, Future of Freedom, Jun 2006
Revised text of the "Messianic Democracy" chapter of Attention Deficit Democracy with additional parallels to George W. Bush
"Killing in the name of democracy has a long and sordid history. ... The U.S. government is currently spending more than a billion dollars a year for democracy efforts abroad. But Thomas Carothers, the director of the Carnegie Endowment's Democracy and Rule of Law Project, warns that Bush policies are creating a 'democracy backlash' around the globe."
Lies and Leviathan, Future of Freedom, Aug 2006
Describes the deceit used to institute and expand the U.S. Social Security program, as well as various other government programs and officials
"Big government requires big lies — and not just on wars but across the board. The more powerful government becomes, the more abuses it commits and the more lies it must tell. Interventions beget debacles that require cover-ups and denials. The more the government screws up, the more evidence the government is obliged to bury or deny."
My Time in the Tower of London, Future of Freedom, Dec 2006
Compares the torture of centuries past in the Tower of London with the 2006 legalization of similar practices in the United States
"... in late September 2006, Congress voted to effectively legalize torture and to pardon all the torturers and torture policymakers. Has the U.S. Capitol building acquired at least an odor of the Tower of London? ... the law that Congress passed will be a cornucopia of barbarity that will be likely to afflict people around the world."
Nonsense on the Inevitability of Democracy, Future of Freedom, May 2006
Examines Francis Fukuyama's assertion about the "universalization of Western liberal democracy" and recent pronouncements by George W. Bush
"The democratic-inevitability theory is also akin to the Marxist theory of the withering away of the state. Marx asserted that, after the creation of communism, the state would simply wither away, since there would be no need or incentive for people to exploit one another. Democratic inevitability implies that, once democracy is achieved, politicians will no longer seek power to violate the rights and liberties of citizens. For some unexplained reason, after democracy becomes universal, voting will turn politicians into choir boys."
Related Topic: Democracy
Parity: Bureaucratic Tyranny by Moral Fraud, Future of Freedom, Sep 1999
Discusses the consequences of establishing "parity" of agricultural prices, in the name of "fairness"
"After the enactment of the Agricultural Adjustment Act in 1933, bureaucrats used the doctrine of parity to dictate how many pounds of peanuts each farmer could sell, how many acres of tobacco he could plant, how many boxes of oranges he could ship, and where he could sell his milk. Parity provided a noble-sounding pretext ... to justify the arrest of thousands of farmers for planting or selling more of their harvest than the government permitted."
Related Topics: Farming, Technology
Political Plundering of Property Owners, Nov 2002
Details effects of local government land and property seizures allegedly for urban renewal purposes, for improving "blighted" neighborhoods or for the benefit of sports team owners
"Between 1949 and 1971, however, urban renewal razed five times as many low-income housing units as it created and evicted more than one million people from their homes. In one of the first major challenges to the federal urban-renewal program, a federal district court struck down a Washington, D.C., land-seizure program in 1953 ... But in November 1954, the Supreme Court overturned the federal district court and effectively gave government officials unlimited power to confiscate and redistribute land."
The 9/11 Servility Reflex, Future of Freedom, Dec 2007
Discusses how the general American public reacted after the 9/11 attacks and how the 9/11 Commission and the mainstream media helped reinforce that reaction
"Many citizens react to their rulers like little kids who recognize that a stranger is acting suspiciously and may be up to no good — but then decide whether to trust the man depending on the type of candy he pulls from his pockets. It is as if a Reese's Peanut Butter Cup trumps the beady eyes, sweaty forehead, and out-of-season trench coat. ... The government's appearing to be a necessary evil does not oblige people to trust it. We face a choice of trusting government or trusting freedom — trusting overlords who have lied and abused their power or trusting individuals to make the most of their own lives."
The Bush Torture Memos, Future of Freedom, Nov 2006
Examines how the Bush Justice Department and the Pentagon twisted legal interpretations to absolve themselves of charges of torture
"President Bush is proposing to medievalize the American legal code by permitting the use of coerced confessions in judicial proceedings. ... the Bybee memo ... began by largely redefining torture out of existence. It then explained why even if someone died during torture, the torturer might not be guilty if he felt the torture was necessary to prevent some worse evil."
The Fraudulent Meaning of Elections, Future of Freedom, Apr 2006
Examines the arguments raised in the debate between Democrats and Republicans in Congress over the certification of the 2005 Ohio Electoral College voters
"The 'debate' in Congress illustrated how elections are now about consecration, rather than representation. Elections have become something for rulers to shroud themselves in, rather than leashes used by the people. Politicians are obsessed with maintaining the imagined dignity of their class, not in resolving doubts about honest vote counting."
Related Topics: Republican Party, Voting
The Most Absurdities per Kilo, Future of Freedom, Feb 2006
Describes the SWAT attack on Tommy Chong residence for the purpose of confiscating bongs, part of Operation Pipe Dreams
"... on February 24 [2003], Ashcroft proudly announced the most decisive attack ever on purveyors of bongs ... At a time when political leaders warned that a terrorist attack on the homeland could be imminent, more than 1,200 federal law officers were involved in Operation Pipe Dreams, ... the biggest attack on glass bowls in American history."
Related Topic: War on Drugs
The Reagan Roadmap for Antiterrorism Disaster, CounterPunch, 8 Oct 2003
Details events before and after the 23 Oct 1983 bombing of the U.S. Marine barracks in Beirut
"In his televised speech ... President Bush declared, 'In the past, the terrorists have cited the examples of Beirut and Somalia, claiming that if you inflict harm on Americans, we will run from a challenge. In this, they are mistaken.' ... The Reagan administration paid no political price for its Beirut debacle. Reagan and Bush Sr. succeeded in falsifying, blustering, and smearing their way out of political trouble. Now, two decades later, the only 'lesson' that seems to be recalled is to stick resolutely to floundering policies – at least until the number of dead soldiers threatens to become politically toxic."
Warring as Lying Throughout American History, Future of Freedom, Feb 2008
Recounts how U.S. Presidents and their administrations since James Polk have lied about wars, from start to finish
"Americans are taught to expect their elected leaders to be relatively honest. But it wasn’t always like that. In the mid 1800s, people joked about political candidates who claimed to have been born in a log cabin that they built with their own hands. This jibe was spurred by William Henry Harrison’s false claim of a log-cabin birth in the 1840 presidential campaign. ... Lying and warring appear to be two sides of the same coin. Unfortunately, many Americans continue to be gullible when presidents claim a need to commence killing foreigners. It remains to be seen whether the citizenry is corrigible on this life-and-death issue."


Interview with Jim Bovard, by James Bovard, Sunni Maravillosa, Apr 2006
Extensive dialogue, from Jim's first paid writing to an upcoming book, the publishing industry, the Future of Freedom Foundation, his books, radio hosts and much, much more
"I started to become politically aware at a time when government lies and abuses were roiling the nation and the world. ... Roaming in the East Bloc in the mid-1980s gave me a stronger sense of the evil of tyranny. ... I occasionally tried my hand at humorous writing ... I sent a satire on the failure of the all-volunteer Congress to the New York Times."
James Bovard Interview, by James Bovard, Scott Horton, The Scott Horton Show, 16 Oct 2004
"Scott talks to Jim Bovard, author of the new book The Bush Betrayal, about the book, and about the administration."

Books Authored

Attention Deficit Democracy, 10 Jan 2006
Partial contents: Ignorance and the Mirage of Informed Consent - Fearmongering and the Battered Citizen Syndrome - Messianic Democracy - Lying and Legitimacy - Elections as Reverse Slave Auctions - Trusting Government at Any Cost - Democracy vs. Liberty
"The rising gullibility of the American people may be the most important trend in U.S. democracy. With each passing decade, with each new presidency, it takes less and less to snooker Americans. And a candidate only has to fool enough people on one day to snare power over everyone for four years."
Related Topics: George W. Bush, Democracy, Voting
Feeling Your Pain: The Explosion and Abuse of Government Power in the Clinton-Gore Years, 2000
Partial contents: Plundering and Blundering: The IRS - Affirmative Action, Now and Forever - Searching Everywhere - Forfeiture Follies - Freedom to Farm Washington - The Green Iron Fist - Waco - The Ruby Ridge Cover-up - The Reno-Freeh Whitewash Team
Related Topic: Bill Clinton
Freedom in Chains: The Rise of the State and the Demise of the Citizen, 1999
Partial contents: The Great Pretending: The State, Ideal & Real - The Mirage of Welfare State Freedom - Cagekeepers and Caretakers: Modern Democracy - The Moral Glorification of Leviathan - Sovereignty & Political Slavery
Related Topic: The State
Lost Rights: The Destruction of American Liberty, 1994
Related Topic: Rights
Terrorism and Tyranny: Trampling Freedom, Justice and Peace to Rid the World of Evil, 2003
Related Topic: Terrorism
The Bush Betrayal, 7 Aug 2004
Partial contents: 9/11: Canonization and Coverup - A War on Dissent? - Ed Fraud 101 - Spending as Caring - The Political Profits of Pointless Punishment - Airport Antics: The TSA Attitude Police - Afghan Absurdities - Iraq: The Iron Fist of Freedom
"This book does not aim to analyze all Bush policies. Instead, it examines an array of his domestic and foreign actions that vivify the damage Bush is inflicting and the danger he poses both to America and the world. Bush governs like an elective monarch, entitled to reverence and deference on all issues."
Related Topic: George W. Bush

The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "James Bovard" as of 6 Jun 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.