Territory in southwestern Asia, ruled since 1932 by the Āl Sa‘ūd family

Saudi Arabia, officially the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA; Arabic: المملكة العربي السعودية‎ al-Mamlakah al-‘Arabīyah as-Sa‘ūdīyah), is a country in western Asia constituting the bulk of the Arabian Peninsula. With a land area of approximately 2,150,000 km², Saudi Arabia is the largest country in the Middle East, geographically the fifth-largest in Asia, second-largest in the Arab world after Algeria and 12th-largest in the world. Saudi Arabia is bordered by Jordan and Iraq to the north, Kuwait to the northeast, Qatar, Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates to the east, Oman to the southeast and Yemen to the south. It is separated from Israel and Egypt by the Gulf of Aqaba. It is the only nation with both a Red Sea coast and a Persian Gulf coast, and most of its terrain consists of arid desert, lowland and mountains.

Measures of Freedom

Human Freedom Index [PDF], The Human Freedom Index 2016
2014: 5.31, Rank: 144, Personal Freedom: 3.66, Economic Freedom: 6.95, Democracy Index: 1.92
Level of Economic Freedom, Economic Freedom of the World
2014: 6.95, Rank: 85
Saudi Arabia | Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2016
2016: Status: Not Free, Aggregate Score: 10, Political Rights: 7, Civil Liberties: 7
"Saudi Arabia confronted a number of domestic and regional challenges in 2015. King Abdullah died in late January and was succeeded by his brother Salman bin Abdulaziz, who began his reign with far-reaching changes to the line of succession and the cabinet that, among other things, empowered younger members of the royal family. Municipal elections held in December were the first in which women were eligible to vote and run for office."


Iran: It's Not about Nuclear Weapons, by Sheldon Richman, 26 Nov 2013
Examines the U.S.-Iran 2013 temporary agreement and the rationale of the deal's main opponents: the governments of Saudi Arabia and Israel
"Saudi Arabia, which is well-equipped militarily by the United States, is an Arab Sunni Muslim kingdom. ... Saudi Arabia, which enjoys protection under America’s nuclear umbrella, does not want to see Iran back in the good graces of the United States, since it would diminish its prominence in the Middle East."
Related Topics: Iran, Israel
Mr. Bush's War, by Murray Rothbard, The Irrepressible Rothbard, Oct 1990
Starts off as a tongue-in-cheek analysis of the rationale for the Gulf War, but then delves into more serious reasons, including the Saudi, petroleum and Rockefeller connections
"Specifically, why the U.S. hatred of the cartelist Saddam and great tenderness and concern for the cartelist Saudis? First, the long-term 'friendship' with the 'pro-West' despots of the Saud family. This 'friendship' has been concretized into Aramco (the Arabian-American Oil Co.), the Rockefeller company that has total control of Saudi Arabian oil – and long-time heavy influence, if not control, over U.S. foreign policy."
Related Topics: Iraq, Taxation, War
Trump’s Support and Praise of Despots Is Central to the U.S. Tradition, Not a Deviation From It, by Glenn Greenwald, 2 May 2017
Discusses recent criticism of Donald Trump that claims that his foreign policy towards known dictators and tyrants constitutes a major shift, when in fact that has been standard U.S. policy since at least the end of World War II
"Henry Kissinger ... 'began the U.S.’s arms-for-petrodollars dependency with Saudi Arabia ...' ... And then there is Saudi Arabia, long one of the most repressive regimes on the planet and one of the U.S.’s most cherished allies. ... Obama, like Bush before him, repeatedly hosted Saudi despots at the White House. When the monstrous Saudi King died in 2015, Obama terminated his state visit to India in order to fly to Riyadh to pay homage to the close U.S. partner, where he was joined by a bipartisan cast of U.S. political stars."

The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "Saudi Arabia" as of 04 Oct 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.