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Anarchist doctrine proposed by Pierre-Joseph Proudhon

Mutualism is an economic theory and anarchist school of thought that advocates a society with free markets and occupation and use, or usufruct property norms. One implementation of this scheme involves the establishment of a mutual-credit bank that would lend to producers at a minimal interest rate, just high enough to cover administration. Mutualism is based on a version of the labor theory of value holding that when labor or its product is sold, in exchange it ought to receive goods or services embodying "the amount of labor necessary to produce an article of exactly similar and equal utility". Mutualism originated from the writings of philosopher Pierre-Joseph Proudhon.


Anarchism, by Voltairine de Cleyre, Free Society, 13 Oct 1901
Examines various economic propositions for anarchism (socialist, communist, individualist and mutualist) and opines that all could be tried out
Anarchist Mutualism is a modification of the program of Individualism, laying more emphasis upon organization, co-operation and free federation of the workers. To these the trade union is the nucleus of the free cooperative group, which will obviate the necessity of an employer, issue time-checks to its members, take charge of the finished product, exchange with different trade groups ... through the central federation, enable its members to utilize their credit, and likewise insure them against loss. The mutualist position on the land question is identical with that of the Individualists ...
Don't Fund Religious Groups, by Sheldon Richman, Jun 2001
Argues against George W. Bush's proposal to give taxpayers' money to religious organizations, rather than ending similar subsidies to secular groups
[As] historian David Beito shows in his book From Mutual Aid to the Welfare State, even low-income Americans were ingenious at setting up mutual-aid societies, such as lodges, that provided various kinds of "safety net" benefits when misfortune struck. It was government that effectively ran these marvelous institutions out of business by providing similar benefits "free" — that is, through force: taxation ... Not only has the expenditure of trillions of tax dollars not eradicated "poverty" as promised, it has corrupted a nation of people who once looked to themselves, not government, to improve their own lot.


Mutualism: An interview with Kevin Carson, by Kevin Carson, 3 Nov 2009
Topic discussed include: mutualism in theory and practice, worker cooperatives and credit unions, small-scale manufacturing, Henry George, worker-managed firms, Lockean land ownership concepts, labor theory of value and political coalitions
Could you begin by giving a description of mutualism ...?
Mutualist practices (friendly societies and lodges, guilds, arrangements for mutual aid, etc.) are probably old as the human race. Proudhon, Owen, Warren, et al simply created a theoretical framework that emphasized such forms of organization as a building block of society ... [A]s an approximation, [Proudhon's] programme centered on 1) abolishing artificial property rights in land and artificial scarcity of credit, so that the working class could secure cheap access to the prerequisites of production; and 2) organizing the economy around associations of producers.


Studies in Mutualist Political Economy, by Kevin Carson, 1 Mar 2007
Contents: Preface - Part One—Theoretical Foundations: Value Theory - Part Two—Capitalism and the State: Past, Present and Future - Part Three—Praxis

The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "Mutualism (economic theory)" as of 30 Oct 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.