Anarchism that emphasizes the individual and his or her preferences over other considerations

Individualist anarchism refers to several traditions of thought within the anarchist movement that emphasize the individual and their will over external determinants such as groups, society, traditions and ideological systems. Individualist anarchism is not a single philosophy, but it refers to a group of individualistic philosophies that sometimes are in conflict. Benjamin Tucker, a famous 19th century individualist anarchist, held that "if the individual has the right to govern himself, all external government is tyranny".


UpdBenjamin Ricketson Tucker, Part 1, by Wendy McElroy, Future of Freedom, Aug 2007
Biographical essay on Benjamin Tucker from birth to the early years of the periodical Liberty
"Many of the brightest American radicals and reformers passed through its pages ... Liberty also hosted the best contemporary European voices of individualism and integrated their ideas into the uniquely American movements of labor, free thought, and free love. Through this integration, Tucker produced the rigorous system of individualist anarchism ... Tucker stated the crux of his political philosophy: 'The [Individualist] Anarchists are simply unterrified Jeffersonian Democrats. They believe that "the best government is that which governs least," and that which governs least is no government at all.'"
UpdBenjamin Tucker, Liberty and Individualist Anarchism [PDF], by Wendy McElroy, The Independent Review, 1997
Presents a short biography of Tucker and then the history of the Liberty journal, including its major themes, the debates over Stirnerite egoism vs. natural rights and its literary and international coverage, concluding with commentary
"From a later admiration of ... Spooner, Tucker's voice acquired a radical antipolitical edge as well. To these influences were added the European flavor of Herbert Spencer, Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, Max Stirner, and Michael Bakounin. In editing Liberty, Tucker both filtered and integrated the theories of such European thinkers with the uniquely American labor, freethought, and free-love movements to produce a rigorous system of individualist anarchism subsequently identified with him. It became known as 'philosophical anarchism' or, in a phrase often applied derogatorily, 'Boston anarchism.'"
UpdGertrude B. Kelly: A Forgotten Feminist, by Wendy McElroy, The Freeman, Oct 1998
Biographical essay on Dr. Gertrude B. Kelly (1862–1934), Irish immigrant, individualist feminist and contributor to the Liberty periodical (1881-1908)
"A labor radical who was deeply skeptical of unions, a medical doctor who opposed state licensing of medicine, a staunch anti-statist who broke with the most prominent individualist anarchists of her day, an ardent feminist who denied that there were "women's rights" as distinct from "human rights" . . . who was Gertrude B. Kelly ...? In the opinion of Benjamin Tucker, editor of the pivotal individualist periodical Liberty, "Gertrude B. Kelly, . . . by her articles in Liberty, has placed herself at a single bound among the finest writers of this or any other country.""


The Debates of Liberty: An Overview of Individualist Anarchism, 1881-1908, by Wendy McElroy, 17 Dec 2002
Excerpts available at; partial contents: Benjamin Tucker, Liberty, and Individualist Anarchism - On the State and Politics - On Violence - Egoism v- Natural Rights - Children's Rights - Intellectual Property - Trial by Jury
Related Topic: Benjamin Tucker

The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "Individualist anarchism" as of 28 Oct 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.