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Territory in southeast Asia, ruled since 1959 by the Republik Indonesia

Indonesia, officially the Republic of Indonesia (Indonesian: Republik Indonesia), is a country in Southeast Asia, between the Indian and Pacific oceans. It is the world's largest island country, with more than thirteen thousand islands, and at 1,904,569 square kilometers, the 14th largest by land area and the 7th largest in combined sea and land area. With over 261 million people, it is the world's 4th most populous country as well as the most populous Muslim-majority country. Java, the world's most populous island, contains more than half of the country's population.

Geographical type: Island Group

Latitude: 5° S — Longitude: 120° E

Area: 1,904,569 km²

ISO 3166-2 code: ID

Measures of Freedom

Human Freedom Index [PDF], The Human Freedom Index 2023: A Global Measurement of Personal, Civil, and Economic Freedom
2021: 6.62, Rank: 92, Personal freedom: 6.39, Economic freedom: 6.93
Indonesia | Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2024
2016: Status: Partly Free, Aggregate Score: 65, Political Rights: 2, Civil Liberties: 4
Indonesia's new parliament, seated in October 2014 after April elections, voted in January 2015 to reinstate direct elections for subnational administrative heads (governor, district chief, and mayor). The move confirmed the president's 2014 decision to halt a law passed by the outgoing parliament that would have abolished such elections.
Level of Economic Freedom, Economic Freedom of the World
2014: 7.02, Rank: 79


Improve the CIA? Better to abolish it, by Chalmers Johnson, San Francisco Chronicle, 22 Feb 2004
Lists some of the countries where the CIA conducted subversive operations and recommends abolishing the agency
Since the overthrow of the Iranian government in 1953, the CIA has engaged in similar disguised assaults on the governments of Guatemala (1954); the Congo (1960); Cuba (1961); Brazil (1964); Indonesia (1965); Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia (1961-73); Greece (1967); Chile (1973); Afghanistan (1979 to the present); El Salvador, Guatemala and Nicaragua (1980s); and Iraq (1991 to the present)—to name only the most obvious cases. [emphasis added]
The lessons of Indonesia, by Thomas Sowell, 22 May 1998
Highlights the plight of Chinese minorities in the 1998 Indonesian riots (that led to the fall of Suharto) and blames both Suharto's regime and the IMF bailout for the economic crisis leading to the riots
The Chinese did not come in and take over the commerce and industry of Indonesia. The Chinese created most of that commerce and industry. ... Suharto and his family have used the power of government to create lucrative monopolies for themselves, as well as raking off graft from legitimate businesses. But it is very doubtful that the president's heavy-handed military forces are letting the masses burn and loot the Suharto enterprises. ... The economic crisis in Indonesia was created by the government's austerity program, which was imposed by the International Monetary Fund as a condition for giving a multibillion-dollar bailout.
Related Topic: Entrepreneurship

The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "Indonesia" as of 26 Sep 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.