, Manuel Francisco Ayau Cordón, in Guatemala, on 27 Dec 1925
Measures of Freedom
Guatemala | Freedom House
, Freedom in the World 2016
2016: Status: Partly Free, Aggregate Score: 54, Political Rights: 4, Civil Liberties: 4
"Months of protests over a corruption scandal as well as an investigation jointly carried out by Guatemala's Public Ministry and the UN-backed International Commission Against Impunity in Guatemala (CICIG) led to the resignations and arrests of dozens of government and private sector officials, including President Otto Pérez Molina and Vice President Roxana Baldetti Elías."
Human Freedom Index
[PDF], The Human Freedom Index 2016
2014: 7.01, Rank: 68, Personal Freedom: 6.52, Economic Freedom: 7.50, Democracy Index: 5.43
Level of Economic Freedom
, Economic Freedom of the World
2014: 7.50, Rank: 34
An Anti-Democracy Foreign Policy: Guatemala
, by Jacob Hornberger
, 11 Feb 2005
Describes the 1954 CIA-engineered coup d'état in Guatemala and the subsequent military regimes, also touching on the attempts to seek regime change in Cuba and the 1973 CIA-supported ouster of Allende in Chile
"... the target was the democratically elected president of Guatemala, Jacobo Arbenz, a self-avowed socialist whose domestic policies were ... modeled after the socialist New Deal policies of ... Roosevelt ... Arbenz had two strikes against him ... as far as the CIA was concerned — his belief in socialism and his confrontation with a major U.S. corporation that had strong allies in the U.S. Congress ... On Sunday, June 27, 1954, ... Arbenz was ousted from office and fled Guatemala. The CIA replaced him with an unelected Guatemalan military dictator, Col. Carlos Castillo Armas, whom the CIA designated the "Liberator" ..."
Give Freedom Its Turn in Latin America
, by Manuel Ayau
, Nov 1984
Paper given at Hillsdale College; argues that problems in Latin American countries are systemic and are due to a "lack of understanding of the economic principles and ethics of a free society"
"In Guatemala, a manufacturer of raw material urgently needs a spare part worth fifty dollars in the U.S. ... the part is shipped by the most modern and fastest means ... The part arrives in Guatemala the next day and there it sits in customs while papers are shuffled. ... Two weeks later, the part arrives at the plant ... Just in management and bureaucratic effort, this fifty-dollar part can end up costing more than one thousand dollars. ... Take the electric power generating industry ... After twenty years, since it became a government monopoly, the whole generating apparatus has become uneconomical."
Improve the CIA? Better to abolish it
, by Chalmers Johnson, San Francisco Chronicle
, 22 Feb 2004
Lists countries where the CIA conducted subversive operations and recommends abolishing the agency.
"Since the overthrow of the Iranian government in 1953, the CIA has engaged in similar disguised assaults on the governments of Guatemala (1954); the Congo (1960); Cuba (1961); Brazil (1964); Indonesia (1965); Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia (1961-73); Greece (1967); Chile (1973); Afghanistan (1979 to the present); El Salvador, Guatemala and Nicaragua (1980s); and Iraq (1991 to the present) -- to name only the most obvious cases."
Related Topics: Attacks of 11 September 2001
, El Salvador
, Foreign Entanglements
, United States
Killing in the Name of Democracy
, by James Bovard
, Attention Deficit Democracy
, 27 Jan 2006
Excerpt from the "Messianic Democracy" chapter, details various U.S. presidents' policies and actions from Wilson to Eisenhower
"In 1954 ... [the] elected Guatemalan government and the United Fruit Company could not agree on the value of 400,000 acres that the ... government wanted to expropriate to distribute to small farmers. The ... government offered $1.2 million ... Washington insisted on behalf of United Fruit that the value was $15.9 million ..."
The Secret State
, by Carl Oglesby, 19 Dec 1991
Details various events from the dismantling of the Office of Strategic Services after World War II to the 1991 death of Danny Casolaro, which Oglesby said are reason to be worried about "a secret and invisible state within the public state"
"1954: Operation Success. The CIA spent $20 million to overthrow the democratically elected Jacabo Arbenz in Guatemala for daring to introduce an agrarian reform program that the United Fruit Company found threatening. General Walter Bedell Smith, CIA director at the time, later joined the board of United Fruit."
Related Topics: Brazil
, Dominican Republic
, War on Drugs
, Richard Nixon
, Nonviolent resistance
, Ronald Reagan
, Franklin D. Roosevelt
, Right Against Unreasonable Searches and Seizures
, United States
, Vietnam War