Latin America is a group of countries and dependencies in the Western Hemisphere where Romance languages such as Spanish, French and Portuguese are predominantly spoken; it is broader than the terms Ibero-America or Hispanic America. The term originated in the Napoleon III French government in the mid-19th century as Amérique latine to consider French-speaking territories in the Americas, (French Canadians, French Louisiana, French Guiana, Haiti, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Saint Martin, Saint Barthélemy) along with the larger group of countries where Spanish and Portuguese languages prevailed, including the Spanish-speaking portions of the United States (southwestern United States and Florida) Today, areas of Canada and the United States (with the exception of Puerto Rico and Miami) where Spanish, Portuguese and French are predominant are typically not included in definitions of Latin America.
- Argentina - Territory in southeast South America, ruled since 1861 by the República Argentina
- Bolivia - Territory in western South America, ruled since 2009 by the Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia
- Chile - Territory in southwest South America, ruled since 1980 by the República de Chile
- Colombia - Territory in northwest South America, ruled since 1991 by the República de Colombia
- Costa Rica - Territory in Central America, ruled since 1949 by the República de Costa Rica
- Cuba - Island in the Caribbean Sea, ruled since 1959 by the República de Cuba
- Dominican Republic - Territory in the island of Hispaniola in the Caribbean Sea, ruled since 1961 by the República Dominicana
- Ecuador - Territory in northwest South America, ruled since 2008 by the República del Ecuador
- El Salvador - Territory in Central America, ruled since 1983 by the República de El Salvador
- Guatemala - Territory in Central America, ruled since 1985 by the República de Guatemala
- Honduras - Territory in northern Central America, ruled since 1982 by the República de Honduras
- Mexico - Territory in south central North America, ruled since 1917 by the Estados Unidos Mexicanos
- Nicaragua - Territory in Central America, ruled since 1987 by the República de Nicaragua
- Panama - Territory in south Central America, ruled since 1903 by the República de Panama
- Paraguay - Territory in central South America, ruled since 1992 by the República del Paraguay
- Peru - Territory in western South America, ruled since 1993 by the República del Perú
- Uruguay - Territory in southeast South America, ruled since 1828 by the República Oriental del Uruguay
- Venezuela - Territory in northern South America, ruled since 1999 by the República Bolivariana de Venezuela
Speech given to The Philadelphia Society, San Antonio, Texas regional meeting
Paper given at Hillsdale College; argues that problems in Latin American countries are systemic and are due to a "lack of understanding of the economic principles and ethics of a free society"
Examines writings of critics of imperialism that are not based on Marxist analysis
Examines the history of Argentine law prior to adoption of the 1853 Constitution, the arguments in Alberdi's Bases and the influence of the U.S. Constitution during the remainder of the 19th century and up to 1930
by Ted Galen Carpenter, 2003
Partial contents: Thirty Years of Failure - Forging the Bad Neighbor Policy - Escalating and Militarizing the Drug War - Plan Colombia - A Mix of Flawed Strategies - Washington's "Ugly-American" Tactics - Reaping the Whirlwind - Mexico: The Next Colombia?
- ISBN 1403961379: Hardcover, Palgrave MacMillan, 1st edition, 2003
The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "Latin America" as of 2 Oct 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.