The Spanish- and Portuguese-speaking regions of the Americas
  • Argentina - Territory in southeast South America, ruled since 1861 by the República Argentina
  • Bolivia - Territory in western South America, ruled since 2009 by the Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia
  • Chile - Territory in southwest South America, ruled since 1980 by the República de Chile
  • Colombia - Territory in northwest South America, ruled since 1991 by the República de Colombia
  • Costa Rica - Territory in Central America, ruled since 1949 by the República de Costa Rica
  • Cuba - Island in the Caribbean Sea, ruled since 1959 by the República de Cuba
  • Dominican Republic - Territory in the island of Hispaniola in the Caribbean Sea, ruled since 1961 by the República Dominicana
  • Ecuador - Territory in northwest South America, ruled since 2008 by the República del Ecuador
  • El Salvador - Territory in Central America, ruled since 1983 by the República de El Salvador
  • Guatemala - Territory in Central America, ruled since 1985 by the República de Guatemala
  • Honduras - Territory in northern Central America, ruled since 1982 by the República de Honduras
  • Mexico - Territory in south central North America, ruled since 1917 by the Estados Unidos Mexicanos
  • Nicaragua - Territory in Central America, ruled since 1987 by the República de Nicaragua
  • Panama - Territory in south Central America, ruled since 1903 by the República de Panama
  • Paraguay - Territory in central South America, ruled since 1992 by the República del Paraguay
  • Peru - Territory in western South America, ruled since 1993 by the República del Perú
  • Uruguay - Territory in southeast South America, ruled since 1828 by the República Oriental del Uruguay
  • Venezuela - Territory in northern South America, ruled since 1999 by the República Bolivariana de Venezuela


Latin America - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"Latin America (See also Ibero-America and Use of the word American) is the region of the Americas where Romance languages (i.e. languages derived from Latin) are officially or primarily spoken. Alternatively, Latin America is typically contrasted with Anglo-America where English, a Germanic language, predominates. ..."


An Aristocracy of Pull?, by Thomas M. Wilson, The Freeman, Aug 2001
"In Spanish America, it should be recalled, the wars of independence in the early nineteenth century were not revolutions. They were reactionary rebellions led by native-born elites, known as criollos, aimed at restoring the monarchial system toppled by Napoleon's invasion of Spain and ouster of Ferdinand VII."
Related Topic: Achievement
Capitalism and Statism in Latin America, by Manuel Ayau, 4 Oct 1997
Speech given to The Philadelphia Society, San Antonio, Texas regional meeting
"South and Central America have suffered and lived under what Adam Smith condemned as the mercantile system, better known later as mercantilism, inherited from Spain and Portugal since colonial days, with the few exceptional decades in the end of last century and beginning of the present."
Non-Marxist Theories of Imperialism, by Alan Fairgate, Feb 1976
Examines writings of critics of imperialism that are not based on Marxist analysis
"This analysis of the impact of imperialism could be usefully supplemented by Stanislav Andreski's discussion of domestic class structures in Latin America in Parasitism and Subversion ... Andreski analyzed in detail the various institutional forms of parasitism endemic to the semi-feudal societies of Latin America, and focused on the characteristic 'parasitic involution' of capitalism. While he tended to dismiss the role of external intervention in reinforcing such parasitic structures, his work nevertheless complements Liggio's focus on imperialism as the imposition of a double layer of exploitation."
UpdThe Authority of a Foreign Talisman: A Study of U.S. Constitutional Practice as Authority in Nineteenth Century Argentina and the Argentine Elite's Leap of Faith, by Jonathan M. Miller, American University Law Review, Jun 1997
Examines the history of Argentine law prior to adoption of the 1853 Constitution, the arguments in Alberdi's Bases and the influence of the U.S. Constitution during the remainder of the 19th century and up to 1930
"According to Borón and many others, Latin American societies were unprepared for liberal constitutional models at the time of independence. Latin America, with a colonial history of Hispanic authoritarianism, huge landholdings and little self-government, lacked the traditions needed to support constitutions based on liberal values, and as a consequence, the new constitutions lacked the necessary psychological acceptance."


Bad Neighbor Policy: Washington's Futile War on Drugs in Latin America
    by Ted Galen Carpenter, 2003
Partial contents: Thirty Years of Failure - Forging the Bad Neighbor Policy - Escalating and Militarizing the Drug War - Plan Colombia - A Mix of Flawed Strategies - Washington's "Ugly-American" Tactics - Reaping the Whirlwind - Mexico: The Next Colombia?
Related Topic: War on Drugs