Alaska (Aleut: Alax̂sxax̂; Inupiaq: Alaskaq; Russian: Аляска, translit. Alyaska) is a U.S. state located in the northwest extremity of North America. The Canadian administrative divisions of British Columbia and Yukon border the state to the east, its most extreme western part is Attu Island, and it has a maritime border with Russia (Chukotka Autonomous Okrug) to the west across the Bering Strait. To the north are the Chukchi and Beaufort seas—the southern parts of the Arctic Ocean. The Pacific Ocean lies to the south and southwest. It is the largest state in the United States by area and the seventh largest subnational division in the world. In addition, it is the 3rd least populous and the most sparsely populated of the 50 United States; nevertheless, it is by far the most populous territory located mostly north of the 60th parallel in North America, its population (the total estimated at 738,432 by the U.S. Census Bureau in 2015) more than quadrupling the combined populations of Northern Canada and Greenland. Approximately half of Alaska's residents live within the Anchorage metropolitan area. Alaska's economy is dominated by the fishing, natural gas and oil industries, resources which it has in abundance. Military bases and tourism are also a significant part of the economy.
Geographical type: Territory
Latitude: 64° N — Longitude: 150° W
Area: 1,717,856 km²
ISO 3166-2 code: US-AK
Measures of Freedom
2014: Overall rank: 5, fiscal policy rank: 11, regulatory policy rank: 18, personal freedom rank: 7, economic freedom rank: 10
31 Dec 2005: Number of Members: 100
Part of Walter Block's autobiography series; reprinted in Walter Block's I Chose Liberty (2010), chapter 66
History from 1971 through 1999; special coverage for the year 2000 elections
The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "Alaska" as of 16 Sep 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.