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Islands in the central Pacific Ocean, ruled since 1959 by State of Hawaii - Mokuʻāina o Hawaiʻi

Hawaii (Hawaiian: Hawaiʻi) is the 50th and most recent state to have joined the United States, its government having received statehood on 21 August 21 1959. Hawaii is the only U.S. state located in Oceania, the only U.S. state located outside North America and the only one composed entirely of islands. It is the northernmost island group in Polynesia, occupying most of an archipelago in the central Pacific Ocean.

Geographical type: Archipelago

Latitude: 21.31° N — Longitude: 157.8° W

Area: 28,311 km²

ISO 3166-2 code: US-HI

Birthplace of

Barack Obama, Barack Hussein Obama II, in Honolulu, on 4 Aug 1961

Home To

Libertarian Party of Hawaii, Honolulu

Measures of Freedom

Freedom in the 50 States 2015-2016 | Hawaii | Cato Institute
2014: Overall rank: 48, fiscal policy rank: 49, regulatory policy rank: 41, personal freedom rank: 37, economic freedom rank: 48
LP State-by-State Membership Numbers [PDF], Libertarian Party News, Apr 2006
31 Dec 2005: Number of Members: 69


A Libertarian Odyssey, by Ken Schoolland
Part of Walter Block's autobiography series; reprinted in Walter Block's I Chose Liberty (2010), chapter 66
I traveled to Hawaii on vacation one year and stumbled across various Libertarian Party candidates giving speeches ... In 1979 I started teaching economics at Hawaii Loa College and I made regular visits to the genius of talk radio, Fred James ... I even joined him once at the station as he dressed in full costume and makeup to enact a fictional conversation between Thomas Paine (Fred) and Adam Smith (me). The hot Honolulu studio didn’t cooperate, however ... [M]y greatest promoter was Sam Slom, who published the [Jonathan Gullible] episodes as an economics education project of Small Business Hawaii.
Not Just Japanese Americans: The Untold Story of U.S. Repression During 'The Good War', by Jeffrey Rogers Hummel, The Journal of Historical Review, 1986
Detailed and well-annotated survey of United States government's repression of civil liberties during World War II, both before and after the attack on Pearl Harbor
Curiously, the Japanese in Hawaii, who numbered 250,000, one-third of the islands' population, were untouched by the internment program, except for about two thousand who were shipped to the mainland. Extensive internment would have disrupted Hawaii's economy. The government did, however, put Hawaii under strict martial law for the three years following the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, suspending trial by jury, habeas corpus, and other procedural safeguards. Out of the over 22,000 military trials of civilians on the islands during 1942, 99 percent resulted in convictions.

The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "Hawaii" as of 31 Oct 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.