Territory in northern North America, ruled since 1982 by the Monarchy of Canada
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  • FreedomPedia
  • Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometers, making it the world's second-largest country by total area. Canada's southern border with the United States is the world's longest bi-national land border. As a whole, Canada is sparsely populated, the majority of its land area being dominated by forest and tundra. Consequently, its population is highly urbanized, with 82 percent of the 35.15 million people concentrated in large and medium-sized cities, many near the southern border. Its capital is Ottawa, and its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto, Montreal and Vancouver. Canada's climate varies widely across its vast area, ranging from arctic weather in the north, to hot summers in the southern regions, with four distinct seasons.

    Birthplace of

    Samuel Edward Konkin III, in Edmonton, Alberta, on 8 Jul 1947

    Measures of Freedom

    Canada | Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2016
    2016: Status: Free, Aggregate Score: 99, Political Rights: 1, Civil Liberties: 1
    "The Liberal Party, led by Justin Trudeau, won a clear majority in federal elections held in October 2015. When Trudeau took office as prime minister in November, he ushered in a cabinet composed equally of men and women, an unprecedented step in Canada's political history. Outgoing prime minister Stephen Harper resigned as leader of the Conservatives following his party's loss."
    Human Freedom Index [PDF], The Human Freedom Index 2016
    2014: 8.61, Rank: 6, Personal Freedom: 9.24, Economic Freedom: 7.98, Democracy Index: 8.85
    Level of Economic Freedom, Economic Freedom of the World
    2014: 7.98, Rank: 5


    Martin Van Buren: The American Gladstone, by Jeffrey Rogers Hummel, Reassessing the Presidency, 2001
    Revised version of the 1999 essay "Martin Van Buren: The Greatest American President"
    "President Van Buren also could have had a war over Canada. The United States had twice mounted military expeditions to conquer its Northern neighbor, first during the American Revolution and again during the War of 1812. ... Van Buren was in office less than a year when rebellions broke out in both Lower and Upper Canada. Americans lent support to the rebel 'patriots' with recruits and provisions, and although Canadian authorities easily dispersed any organized resistance, border incidents kept anti-British feelings at fever pitch, especially in the president's home state."
    Socialism and Medicine, Part 2, by William L. Anderson, Future of Freedom, Jun 2008
    Examines the economics of medical care in the United States, including the influence of third-party payers and comparisons to medical care in Canada
    "Take the sets of incentives faced by a hospital administrator in Canada, however. Because he cannot charge for any services, an MRI device will not provide any income for his hospital; thus, it represents only an expense. Furthermore, such capital expenditures would serve to take money away from other expenses, such as increasing salaries for unionized nurses."
    The Rocky Road of American Taxation, by Charles Adams, Mises Daily, 15 Apr 2006
    Adapted from the author's For Good and Evil: The Impact of Taxes on the Course of Civilization
    "Into modern times the British Parliament held supreme constitutional power over the Canadian people, though it did not dare to interfere with their wishes for many years. Not until 1981 did Canadian politicians agree on the terms for the repatriation of Canada's Constitution, enacted by Parliament as the British North America Act in 1867."
    The War of 1812 Was the Health of the State, Part 2, by Sheldon Richman, 6 Mar 2015
    Discusses how James Madison's conduct of the War of 1812 led to changes in American attitudes, including mercantilism, militarism, imperialism and centralization
    "Moreover, 'with the development of Canada freeing the British Empire from its vulnerability to American economic restrictions, President Madison was bound to be concerned about Canada.' ... Interest in Canada was not just material. A belief in 'Manifest Destiny,' though the term wouldn't be coined until 1845, was a driving force. ... Even though the war had no formal victor and produced no boundary adjustments (U.S. forces were repulsed in Canada after burning its capital, for which Britain retaliated by burning Washington, D.C.), Americans were generally delighted with the outcome ..."

    The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "Canada" as of 25 Jul 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.