Canada is a country in the northern half of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres, making it the world's second-largest country by total area and the fourth-largest country by land area. Canada's border with the United States is the world's longest land border. The majority of the country has a cold or severely cold winter climate, but southerly areas are warm in summer. Canada is sparsely populated, the majority of its land territory being dominated by forest and tundra and the Rocky Mountains. About four-fifths of the country's population of 36 million people is urbanized and live near the southern border. Its capital is Ottawa, its largest metropolis is Toronto; other major urban areas include Montreal, Vancouver, Calgary, Edmonton, Quebec City, Winnipeg and Hamilton.
Measures of Freedom
2016: Status: Free, Aggregate Score: 99, Political Rights: 1, Civil Liberties: 1
2014: 8.61, Rank: 6, Personal Freedom: 9.24, Economic Freedom: 7.98, Democracy Index: 8.85
2014: 7.98, Rank: 5
Examines the economics of medical care in the United States, including the influence of third-party payers and comparisons to medical care in Canada
Adapted from the author's For Good and Evil: The Impact of Taxes on the Course of Civilization
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