Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometers, making it the world's second-largest country by total area. Canada's southern border with the United States is the world's longest bi-national land border. As a whole, Canada is sparsely populated, the majority of its land area being dominated by forest and tundra. Consequently, its population is highly urbanized, with 82 percent of the 35.15 million people concentrated in large and medium-sized cities, many near the southern border. Its capital is Ottawa, and its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto, Montreal and Vancouver. Canada's climate varies widely across its vast area, ranging from arctic weather in the north, to hot summers in the southern regions, with four distinct seasons.
Measures of Freedom
2016: Status: Free, Aggregate Score: 99, Political Rights: 1, Civil Liberties: 1
2014: 8.61, Rank: 6, Personal Freedom: 9.24, Economic Freedom: 7.98, Democracy Index: 8.85
2014: 7.98, Rank: 5
Examines the economics of medical care in the United States, including the influence of third-party payers and comparisons to medical care in Canada
Adapted from the author's For Good and Evil: The Impact of Taxes on the Course of Civilization
Discusses how James Madison's conduct of the War of 1812 led to changes in American attitudes, including mercantilism, militarism, imperialism and centralization
The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "Canada" as of 25 Jul 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.