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Territory in southern Africa, ruled since 1994 by the Republic of South Africa

South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. It is bounded to the south by 2,798 kilometers of coastline of Southern Africa stretching along the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans; to the north by the neighbouring countries of Namibia, Botswana and Zimbabwe; to the east and northeast by Mozambique and Swaziland (Eswatini); and it surrounds the kingdom of Lesotho. South Africa is the largest country in Southern Africa and the 25th-largest country in the world by land area and, with close to 56 million people, is the world's 24th-most populous nation. It is the southernmost country on the mainland of the Old World or the Eastern Hemisphere. About 80 percent of South Africans are of Sub-Saharan African ancestry, divided among a variety of ethnic groups speaking different African languages, nine of which have official status. The remaining population consists of Africa's largest communities of European (White), Asian (Indian), and multiracial (Coloured) ancestry.

Geographical type: Territory

Latitude: 30° S — Longitude: 25° E

Area: 1,221,037 km²

ISO 3166-2 code: ZA

Birthplace of

J. R. R. Tolkien, John Ronald Reuel Tolkien, in Bloemfontein, on 3 Jan 1892

Home To

Friedrich Naumann Foundation, Johannesburg

Deathplace of

Ludwig Lachmann, in Johannesburg, on Dec 1990

Measures of Freedom

Human Freedom Index [PDF], The Human Freedom Index 2021
2019: 7.3, Rank: 77, Personal Freedom: 7.53, Economic Freedom: 6.97
Level of Economic Freedom, Economic Freedom of the World
2014: 6.64, Rank: 105
South Africa | Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2022
2016: Status: Free, Aggregate Score: 79, Political Rights: 2, Civil Liberties: 2
South Africa experienced a year of significant popular unrest and discontent with the ruling African National Congress (ANC) in 2015. Several service-delivery protests turned violent, and the largest student demonstrations since the end of apartheid swept the country. A wave of xenophobic violence reached an apex in April and reappeared sporadically later in the year, and authorities initiated a campaign against illegal activities that drew criticism for disproportionately affecting immigrants.


Jim Rogers -- your global investment strategy, by Jim Rogers, Lindsay Williams, 19 Oct 2004
Transcript of radio interview broadcast on "Classic Business Day" from Johannesburg, South Africa
I’m not as optimistic about South Africa as other people, and probably not as optimistic as you are. I worry about what's happening down there. We love South Africa – it's a fantastic country, and the people are – you know the people as well as I do – they're just remarkable people. ... Natural resources are really booming, and that's great for South Africa - as you well know. You're one of the world's great natural resource economies. ... It's not quite the democracy that you portray it – it's more or less a one party state, but still, they do have elections, and they’re open and free elections.
Related Topics: Botswana, Politics
Mandela Wasn't Radical Enough, by Sheldon Richman, 11 Dec 2013
Examines conservative and progressive views about Nelson Mandela and apartheid, finds them lacking and contrasts them with the writings of W. H. Hutt
South Africa, after all, was a U.S. ally against the Soviet Union and a member of the 'free world' — a shocking notion when one considers the appalling lack of freedom there ... Apartheid South Africa, of course, brutalized, humiliated, and stifled individuals merely because of their race. Had blacks been oppressing whites, voices on the Right would have howled without end ... But the establishment Left also leaves out a big piece of the story: the precise nature of apartheid ... The system was instigated by white labor unions precisely to keep blacks from competing.
Will 2016 Be a Good Year for the Corporate State?, by Sheldon Richman, The Goal Is Freedom, 13 Dec 2013
Considers the prospective 2016 U.S. presidential contenders preferred by "Wall Streeters", Hillary Clinton and Chris Christie, and how they line up with the aims of the corporate state, and further comments about South Africa under Mandela
Alas, not even Nelson Mandela could see beyond this rigged framework. (Apartheid, of course, was the negation of the free market.) He came out of prison sounding like a state socialist ... Mandela's change of mind occurred in 1992 at the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland, not a known hangout for advocates of the radically freed market. ... Meanwhile, Sorkin reports,
the gap between the haves and have-nots is now higher than it was when Mr. Mandela became president. Inequality in South Africa is a real and growing issue ... Whites still hold nearly three-quarters of all management jobs.
William Harold Hutt, in Memoriam, by Murray N. Rothbard, The Free Market, Sep 1988
Biographical and memorial essay; also published as chapter 107 of Making Economic Sense (1995)
In 1964, ... the Institute of Economic Affairs in London published Hutt's innovative work, The Economics of the Colour Bar, in which he demonstrated that, contrary to myth, the South African system of apartheid was originated not by rural Afrikaners, but by Anglo unions, anxious to suppress the competition of Africans who were rising into the ranks of the foremen and skilled craftsmen. Indeed, he showed that industrial apartheid was imposed by a successful general strike in 1922 led by William H. Andrews, head of the Communist Party of South Africa under the slogan 'Whites Unite and Fight for a Workers' World'!
Related Topics: William Harold Hutt, Wages


South Africa's War Against Capitalism
    by Walter E. Williams, 1989
Contents: The Evolution of Apartheid - The South African Legal Structure - The Drive for Racial Labor Laws - Market Manipulation to Support Apartheid - Apartheid: Rhetoric vs. Reality - Apartheid: A Triumph over Capitalism - Postcript for South Africans

The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "South Africa" as of 16 Sep 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.