South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. It is bounded to the south by 2,798 kilometers of coastline of Southern Africa stretching along the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans; to the north by the neighbouring countries of Namibia, Botswana and Zimbabwe; to the east and northeast by Mozambique and Swaziland (Eswatini); and it surrounds the kingdom of Lesotho. South Africa is the largest country in Southern Africa and the 25th-largest country in the world by land area and, with close to 56 million people, is the world's 24th-most populous nation. It is the southernmost country on the mainland of the Old World or the Eastern Hemisphere. About 80 percent of South Africans are of Sub-Saharan African ancestry, divided among a variety of ethnic groups speaking different African languages, nine of which have official status. The remaining population consists of Africa's largest communities of European (White), Asian (Indian), and multiracial (Coloured) ancestry.
Measures of Freedom
2014: 6.92, Rank: 74, Personal Freedom: 7.21, Economic Freedom: 6.64, Democracy Index: 7.64
2014: 6.64, Rank: 105
2016: Status: Free, Aggregate Score: 79, Political Rights: 2, Civil Liberties: 2
The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "South Africa" as of 16 Sep 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.