Territory in southern Africa, ruled since 1994 by the Republic of South Africa

South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. It is bounded to the south by 2,798 kilometers of coastline of Southern Africa stretching along the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans; to the north by the neighbouring countries of Namibia, Botswana and Zimbabwe; to the east and northeast by Mozambique and Swaziland (Eswatini); and it surrounds the kingdom of Lesotho. South Africa is the largest country in Southern Africa and the 25th-largest country in the world by land area and, with close to 56 million people, is the world's 24th-most populous nation. It is the southernmost country on the mainland of the Old World or the Eastern Hemisphere. About 80 percent of South Africans are of Sub-Saharan African ancestry, divided among a variety of ethnic groups speaking different African languages, nine of which have official status. The remaining population consists of Africa's largest communities of European (White), Asian (Indian), and multiracial (Coloured) ancestry.

Birthplace of

J. R. R. Tolkien, John Ronald Reuel Tolkien, in Bloemfontein, on 3 Jan 1892

Home To

Friedrich Naumann Foundation, Johannesburg

Deathplace of

Ludwig Lachmann, in Johannesburg, on Dec 1990

Measures of Freedom

Human Freedom Index [PDF], The Human Freedom Index 2016
2014: 6.92, Rank: 74, Personal Freedom: 7.21, Economic Freedom: 6.64, Democracy Index: 7.64
Level of Economic Freedom, Economic Freedom of the World
2014: 6.64, Rank: 105
South Africa | Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2016
2016: Status: Free, Aggregate Score: 79, Political Rights: 2, Civil Liberties: 2
"South Africa experienced a year of significant popular unrest and discontent with the ruling African National Congress (ANC) in 2015. Several service-delivery protests turned violent, and the largest student demonstrations since the end of apartheid swept the country. A wave of xenophobic violence reached an apex in April and reappeared sporadically later in the year, and authorities initiated a campaign against illegal activities that drew criticism for disproportionately affecting immigrants."

Books

South Africa's War Against Capitalism
    by Walter E. Williams, 1989

The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "South Africa" as of 16 Sep 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.