16th century French text arguing that rulers stay in power due to the submissive and obedient behavior of the subjects
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  • Freedom Founts
  • Articles

    Étienne de La Boétie, Part 1, by Wendy McElroy, Future of Freedom, Apr 2003
    Provides biographical background on La Boétie and begins examination of his "Discourse"
    "A 16th-century essay entitled Discourse of Voluntary Servitude by the French jurist Étienne de La Boétie (1530–1563) discusses a question that haunts those who love liberty: Why do people obey unjust laws? The Discourse offers insight. It examines the psychology of those who obey, those who command, and those who resist. ... Discourse first circulated privately in France (circa 1553) against a backdrop of foreign war and domestic conflict. ... Discourse was most likely written while La Boétie was a law student at the University of Orléans, renowned for Huguenot activity."
    Related Topics: France, Étienne de La Boétie
    Étienne de La Boétie, Part 2, by Wendy McElroy, Future of Freedom, May 2003
    Examines major themes in La Boétie's "Discourse": custom (habit), control of information, buying off the people and withdrawal of consent
    "La Boétie advised the average man, 'I do not ask that you place hands upon the tyrant to topple him over, but simply that you support him no longer; then you will behold him, like a great Colossus whose pedestal has been pulled away, fall of his own weight and break into pieces.' For rendering this advice, Gene Sharp, author of the definitive work on nonviolence, The Politics of Nonviolent Action, commented, '[La] Boétie's Discourse is a highly significant essay on the ultimate source of political power, the origins of dictatorship, and the means by which people can prevent political enslavement and liberate themselves.'"

    Books

    Discourse on Voluntary Servitude, by Étienne de La Boétie, 1576
    Electronic text of the 1942 English translation by Harry Kurz available at the Online Library of Liberty, in HTML, PDF and Kindle formats