17th century English jurist, drafter of the Petition of Right
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  • Edward Coke

    Sir Edward Coke, SL, PC, MP, (1 February 1552 - 3 September 1634) was an English barrister, judge and, later, opposition politician, who is considered to be the greatest jurist of the Elizabethan and Jacobean eras.

    Reference

    NewCoke, Edward (1552-1634) | Encyclopedia of Libertarianism, by Stephen M. Sheppard, The Encyclopedia of Libertarianism, 15 Aug 2008
    Biographical essay
    "Sir Edward Coke was an English lawyer, judge, and royal advisor. Coke was a prominent Parliamentarian and author and was especially important in the creation of the early modern common law. His ideas about the ancient constitution of England, derived from both history and the common law, concluded that common law was both integral to the evolution of the law’s independence from royal power and served as a limit over administrative and official conduct. These ideas framed the understanding of the law among English colonists in North America as well as strongly influencing the modern ideal of the rule of law."
    Related Topics: Law, Rights

    Born

    1 Feb 1552, in Mileham, Norfolk, England

    Died

    3 Sep 1634, in Stoke Poges, Buckinghamshire, England

    Biography

    UpdSir Edward Coke, Petition of Right
    "Sir Edward Coke was an English lawyer whose defense of the supremacy of the common law against the claims of the royal prerogative had a profound influence on the development of English law and the United States Constitution. ... when Coke, summoned to a disputation on the king's power to withdraw a case from the courts, earned James I's fury by his assertions that the common law was the supreme law and that 'the king in his own person cannot adjudge any case...' In 1610 Coke again crossed the king when ... stating that the king cannot change any part of the common law nor create any offense by proclamation which was not an offense before."

    Web Pages

    NewSir Edward Coke - Online Library of Liberty
    Includes portrait, short biography, links to various versions of Coke's works and to selected quotations
    "Sir Edward Coke (pronounced cook) (1552-1634) was a lawyer, Member of Parliament, and judge of great renown. He is considered one of the premier champions of the common law, which he defended against the attempted encroachments of the courts of equity and the royal prerogative of the Stuarts—James I (r. 1603-1625) in particular."

    Articles

    Civil Liberty and the State: The Writ of Habeas Corpus, by Richard M. Ebeling, Future of Freedom, Apr 2002
    Highlights of English and American history on the writ of habeas corpus, in particular the 17th century conflict between Charles I and Edward Coke
    "When the two resolutions restricting the imprisoning and detaining of individuals without a writ of habeas corpus were returned to the House of Commons from the upper House of Lords with a proviso that 'nothing therein contained should be construed to entrench on the sovereign power of the Crown,' Coke stood up and spoke against it."
    Related Topic: Writ of Habeas Corpus

    Books

    The Classical Law of Tort, by Amanda J. Owens, Charles K. Rowley, Nov 1998
    "Sir Edward Coke is most remembered for his forceful championship of the supremacy of the common law. He defended the common law against the prerogative power of the crown and the encroachments of ecclesiastical jurisdiction. In 1628 he published the first of four volumes of Institutes, which delineated some of the basic rights of an individual in a stable legal order."
    UpdThe Lion and the Throne: The Life and Times of Sir Edward Coke (1552-1634)
        by Catherine Drinker Bowen, 1957
    Contents: Part I: Parliament Man and Attorney General 1552-1606 - Part II: The judgeship 1607-1616 - Part III: The Parliament Man 1617-1634

    The introductory paragraph uses material from a Wikipedia article, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.