A written order issued to ascertain if someone is imprisoned lawfaully

Reference

Constitution of the United States
"The Privilege of the Writ of Habeas Corpus shall not be suspended, unless when in Cases of Rebellion or Invasion the public Safety may require it."
Habeas corpus - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"In English common law habeas corpus is the name of several writs which may be issued by a judge ordering a prisoner to be brought before the court. More commonly, the name refers to a specific writ known in full as habeas corpus ad subjiciendum, a prerogative writ ordering that a prisoner be brought to the court so it can be determined whether or not he is being imprisoned lawfully. ..."

Articles

Beginning of the end of America: Olbermann addresses the Military Commissions Act in a special comment, by Keith Olbermann, 18 Oct 2006
Transcript and video of the show segment
"And if you somehow think habeas corpus has not been suspended for American citizens but only for everybody else, ask yourself this: If you are pulled off the street tomorrow, and they call you an alien or an undocumented immigrant or an 'unlawful enemy combatant'—exactly how are you going to convince them to give you a court hearing to prove you are not?"
Related Topic: George W. Bush
Civil Liberty and the State: The Writ of Habeas Corpus, by Richard M. Ebeling, Future of Freedom, Apr 2002
Highlights of English and American history on the writ of habeas corpus, in particular the 17th century conflict between Charles I and Edward Coke
"Men have risked their lives and fortunes to oppose arrogant political power. When they have done so, they have served as examples and set legal precedents that then secured areas of protected liberty for their contemporaries and for future generations. A shining example of this is the writ of habeas corpus. Habeas corpus means, literally, 'You are to have the body,' i.e., 'You are to bring the body, the prisoner himself, before us,' so that a court of law may be informed as to why a man has been imprisoned."
Related Topic: Sir Edward Coke
Habeas Corpus: The Lynchpin of Freedom, by Jacob G. Hornberger, 11 Oct 2006
"The writ of habeas corpus is actually the lynchpin of a free society. Take away this great writ and all other rights — such as freedom of speech, freedom of religion, freedom of the press, gun ownership, due process, trial by jury, and protection from unreasonable searches and seizures and cruel and unusual punishments — become meaningless."
Lincoln's Presidential Warrant to Arrest Chief Justice Roger B. Taney: 'A Great Crime' or a Fabrication?, by Charles W. Adams, 5 Jan 2004
Examines the evidence that Lincoln signed a warrant to arrest Supreme Court Chief Justice Roger Taney
"All the Merryman decision did, was to require the government to follow the ancient rule of English liberty – which was set forth in the Constitution – that only the Congress could take away the right of habeas corpus. That would have required Lincoln to call Congress into session, and ask Congress to suspend the right to habeas corpus. How was that so bad?"
Related Topic: Abraham Lincoln
Stop Them!, by Sheldon Richman, 26 Feb 2007
Commentary supporting a New York Times editorial advocating repeal of habeas corpus provisions in the Military Commissions Act and outlawing use of evidence obtained through torture
"... the Democrats who now control Congress ... could start by passing a bill introduced by Senators Patrick Leahy and Arlen Specter to repeal the habeas-corpus section of the Military Commissions Act, the infamous law that lets the president seize noncitizens anywhere in the world, proclaim them suspected terrorists, hold them indefinitely without access to the courts, and even send them off to foreign torture chambers."
The Critical Dilemma Facing Pro-War Libertarians, by Jacob G. Hornberger, 14 Feb 2007
Discusses the contradictions faced by U.S. libertarians and conservatives who endorsed or encouraged imperial and interventionist foreign policies
"In fact, even the right of habeas corpus would be ineffective in such a case [the supposed right of jus primae noctis] because the judge at the habeas corpus hearing would hold that under the law the government has the 'right' to rape the bride and, therefore, he would deny habeas corpus relief. Thus, the core problem would remain — that government officials would possess the power to rape."
The Great Writ Then and Now, by Wendy McElroy, The Freeman, Nov 2009
Chronicles the history of the writ of habeas corpus from the Magna Carta through the American Civil War to Guantanamo Bay and "enemy combatants"
"The key theoretical debate concerns whether habeas corpus is an inalienable natural right that preceded the State or a privilege granted by government. ... If any right can be called 'inalienable,' habeas corpus must be included on that list. As noted earlier, the right not to be imprisoned unjustly is the foundation on which all others rest."
The Pentagon's Power to Arrest, Torture, and Execute Americans, by Jacob G. Hornberger, 28 Feb 2007
"Habeas corpus is a legal remedy that stretches back centuries into American and English jurisprudence. Its purpose is to negate the power of government officials to arbitrarily incarcerate and punish people without just cause. Placing ultimate power in the hands of an independent judge, the writ commands the custodian to produce the prisoner and show cause for holding him."
The "Stable Bulwark of Our Liberties", by Sheldon Richman, 13 Jun 2008
Reviews the Supreme Court majority opinion in the decision of the Boumediene v. Bush case
"What is heartening about the decision is the majority's emphasis on how important habeas corpus is to the never-ending effort to keep government on a short leash. Key to that, it said, is the separation of powers. Without habeas corpus, the executive branch acquires the powers of the judiciary in conflict with the intent of the framers."

Cartoons and Comic Strips

I _Told_ You I Was the Decider, by Stuart Carlson, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, 24 Oct 2006
OK, Here's Our Next Move ..., by Pat Oliphant, 30 Oct 2006