The "Great War", European conflict from 1914 to 1918 that extended to include the United States and some Asian and African nations

World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918. Contemporaneously described as the "war to end all wars", it led to the mobilization of more than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europeans, making it one of the largest wars in history. An estimated nine million combatants and seven million civilians died as a direct result of the war, while it is also considered a contributory factor in a number of genocides and the 1918 influenza epidemic, which caused between 50 and 100 million deaths worldwide. Military losses were exacerbated by new technological and industrial developments and the tactical stalemate caused by grueling trench warfare. It was one of the deadliest conflicts in history and precipitated major political changes, including the revolutions of 1917-1923, in many of the nations involved. Unresolved rivalries at the end of the conflict contributed to the start of the Second World War about twenty years later.

Articles

Albert Jay Nock: A Gifted Pen for Radical Individualism, by Jim Powell, The Freeman, Mar 1997
Biographical essay, including his early life, editorship of The Freeman, and notable books and essays
"Of the consequences of the First World War, Nock wrote: 'The war immensely fortified a universal faith in violence; it set in motion endless adventures in imperialism, endless nationalist ambitions. Every war does this to a degree roughly corresponding to its magnitude.' ... [Nock] debunked the idea that Germany was solely responsible for World War I. Nock insisted all the participants deserved blame for the catastrophe that resulted in some 10 million deaths."
Felix Morley – Washington Post & his Career, by Leonard Liggio
Review of Morley's autobiographical For the Record
"The First World War focused his attention on naval issues, in particular the naval battles such as the escape of two German cruisers from the British Mediterranean fleet to internment in Istanbul and British threats that forced the Ottoman Empire into the war allied with Germany. ... Felix quotes historians Samuel Eliot Morrison and Henry S. Commager on the Creel Committee: 'one of the most appalling revelations of the entire war was the ease with which modern technique and mass-suggestion enables a government to make even a reasonably intelligent people, with an individualistic, democratic background, believe anything it likes.'"
Forgotten Lessons: Selected Essays of John T. Flynn, by Paul Gottfried, The Freeman, Nov 1995
Review of Forgotten Lessons: Selected Essays of John T. Flynn, edited by Gregory P. Pavlik and published by FEE
"There are two strong impressions which the anthology made on me, that did not come from Flynn's own words. One is the account given by his son in the preface about his father celebrating the end of the First World War. Then an editor of the New Haven Register (which I grew up reading), the senior Flynn flew a plane over New Haven in November 1918 and marveled at the happy relief of his countrymen below. At that time he hoped that a victorious America would turn its energies inward and presumably restore the freedoms that President Wilson had torn from his fellow-citizens in 'making the world safe for democracy.'"
Leonard Read, the Founder and Builder, by Mary Sennholz, The Freeman, May 1996
Biographical essay written by Read's secretary in the early days of FEE, as well as author of Leonard E. Read : Philosopher of Freedom
"World War I had been raging in Europe since August 1, 1914; the United States had joined on April 6, 1917. Soon after his graduation [in June 1917], Leonard enlisted with the Aviation Section, U.S. Signal Corps. ... Soldiers rarely question the justifiableness of war, or virtue and righteousness. Leonard Read was skeptical of President Woodrow Wilson's pronouncements that the war was the 'culminating and final war to end all wars.' He wondered about Theodore Roosevelt's oration that he was to fight 'in the quarrel of civilization against barbarism, of liberty against tyranny.'"
Liberty in America during the Great War, by Sheldon Richman, 15 Aug 2014
Examines how various areas of American society were influenced by Woodrow Wilson's decision to enter the First World War
"Wilson of course was reelected president in 1916 after a campaign that reminded voters, 'He kept us out of war.' ... The propaganda campaign was remarkable, the repression more so, as though the policymakers feared that a little dissent could turn the whole country antiwar. ... Kennedy finds parallels between the American propaganda effort and themes found in George Orwell's 1984."
Mises, Ludwig von (1881-1972), by Leland B. Yeager, The Encyclopedia of Libertarianism, 15 Aug 2008
Biographical and bibliographical essay
"During World War I, [Mises] served as an artillery officer, and at war’s end, he briefly held the post of director of the Austrian Reparations Commission at the League of Nations. ... Nation, State, and Economy (1919) warned against an excessively harsh peace after World War I, as well as against revanchism on the part of the vanquished. It examined the background of the war, including linguistic-ethnic conditions in Austria-Hungary and Germany that had hampered the flourishing of democracy in those empires. "
Peace and Pacifism, by Robert Higgs, The Encyclopedia of Libertarianism, 15 Aug 2008
Reviews what prominent classical liberals and libertarians had to say on the subject of peace and war, as well as the history of United States wars from the War of 1812 to the 2003 invasion of Iraq and the efforts of those who opposed them
"The outbreak of war in Europe in 1914 shocked most Americans, who wanted nothing to do with it. Afterward, as President Woodrow Wilson moved steadily closer to seeking direct U.S. engagement in the war, many sorts of opposition were expressed. ... A small group of Progressives led by Wisconsin Senator Robert A. LaFollette spearheaded the opposition in Congress, where LaFollette risked his good relations with congressional colleagues, his influence with the executive branch, and his political future by waging a heroic stand against the folly of U.S. entry."
The 100th Anniversary of the Great State Crime, by Sheldon Richman, 8 Aug 2014
Reflections on the start of the Great War, 100 years ago, the second act (World War II) and wars in general
"This was no noble war, not by a long shot. It was a war driven by imperial rivalries (Germany was the relatively new player in the empire game); balance-of-power politics; the alliance system, which hid obligations to go to war from the people who would pay the butcher's bill; petty, vainglorious rulers; and nationalism, that pernicious invention of ambitious rulers."
Related Topics: War, World War II
The Bathtub, Mencken, and War: How Mencken Employed a Hoax to Demonstrate Journalistic Inaccuracies, by Wendy McElroy, The Freeman, Sep 1999
Relates the story behind a Mencken essay, written during the First World War, to mock and show contempt for contemporary "journalists who blithely reported fiction as fact" and subsequent (eight years later) articles confessing to the hoax
"Mencken was enraged by the popular portrayal of Germans as 'barbarous Huns' who committed atrocities such as the widely reported bayoneting of Belgian babies. (Although this accusation had been absolutely accepted by the American people, it was later proven to be pure Allied propaganda.)"
Related Topics: H. L. Mencken, War
The Colonial Venture of Ireland, Part 3, by Wendy McElroy, Future of Freedom, Jul 2004
Historical account of Ireland from 1912 to 1921, including the formation of the Irish Assembly, the Irish Republican Army (IRA) and the 1921 Anglo-Irish Treaty that concluded the Irish War of Independence
"The issue of partition was soon overshadowed by World War I. On August 3, 1914, Sir Edward Grey, the British foreign secretary, informed the House of Commons that Britain would enter the war. ... Meanwhile, the high death toll from war made the British public wonder why conscription was applied to Britain and not to Ireland. ... Easter Sunday 1916 became the date for revolution. The Germans agreed to provide arms to the anti-British rebels. But when a German ship arrived offshore, the Irish failed to meet it."
Related Topics: Republic of Ireland, Terrorism

The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "World War I" as of 30 Oct 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.