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Capital of Austria

Vienna (German: Wien) is the federal capital and largest city of Austria, and one of the nine states of Austria. Vienna is Austria's primate city, with a population of about 1.8 million (2.6 million within the metropolitan area, nearly one third of Austria's population), and its cultural, economic and political center. It is the 7th-largest city by population within city limits in the European Union. Until the beginning of the 20th century, it was the largest German-speaking city in the world, and before the splitting of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in World War I, the city had 2 million inhabitants. Today, it has the second largest number of German speakers after Berlin. Vienna is host to many major international organizations, including the United Nations and OPEC. The city is located in the eastern part of Austria and is close to the borders of the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary. These regions work together in a European Centrope border region. Along with nearby Bratislava, Vienna forms a metropolitan region with 3 million inhabitants. In 2001, the city center was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site. In July 2017 it was moved to the list of World Heritage in Danger.

Geographical type: Metropolis

Latitude: 48.2° N — Longitude: 16.37° E

Area: 415 km²

Birthplace of

F. A. Hayek, Friedrich August von Hayek, on 8 May 1899
Ivan Illich, on 4 Sep 1926
Karl Popper, on 28 Jul 1902

Deathplace of

Carl Menger, on 26 Feb 1921


The life and times of F.A. Hayek, who explained why political liberty is impossible without economic liberty, by Jim Powell, 2000
Lengthy biographical essay, with extensive quotes; alternate version of "The Worst on Top" chapter of The Triumph of Liberty (2000)
After his return in 1918, [Hayek] enrolled at the University of Vienna. Things were so bad that in 1919 the university closed because it didn't have enough fuel to heat the rooms ... "During the middle twenties," Hayek noted, "[Mises' private seminar] was much the most important center of economic discussion at Vienna ..." In January 1927, Hayek, with Mises' help, established Osterreichische Konjunkturforschunginstitut [Austrian Institute for Business Cycle Research] ... In 1929, Hayek became a Privatdozent at the University ..., which meant he could teach students there—without being paid.
The Misesian Sights: An Austrian Visits Vienna, by Benjamin Powell, Mises Daily, 25 Aug 2006
From there we jumped on the ring tram to the University. Located on the Schottenring ... I was pleasantly surprised to find a glass cut-out of all of the University's Nobel Prize winners in the main lobby. Hayek was prominently displayed ... under the protective plastic I found the busts of Wieser, Böhm-Bawerk, and Menger.

The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "Vienna" as of 5 Oct 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.