Territory in central Europe, ruled since 1955 by the Republik Österreich


Austria - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"Austria (German: Österreich), officially the Republic of Austria (German: Republik Österreich), is a landlocked country of roughly 8.47 million people in Central Europe. It is bordered by the Czech Republic and Germany to the north, Hungary and Slovakia to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west. The territory of Austria covers 83,855 square kilometres and has a temperate and alpine climate. Austria's terrain is highly mountainous due to the presence of the Alps; only 32% of the country is below 500 metres, and its highest point is 3,798 metres. The majority of the population speak local Austro-Bavarian dialects of German as their native language, and German in its standard form is the country's official language. Other local official languages are Burgenland Croatian, Hungarian and Slovene. ..."

Deathplace of

Eugen von Böhm-Bawerk, in Kramsach, Tirol, on 27 Aug 1914

Measures of Freedom

Austria | Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2016
2016: Status: Free, Aggregate Score: 95, Political Rights: 1, Civil Liberties: 1
"Along with other countries in the European Union (EU), Austria experienced a large influx of asylum seekers and other migrants in 2015, many of them from Syria. The migration flow formed the background for increasingly stronger populist rhetoric from the ring-wing Freedom Party of Austria (FPÖ) party, which made gains in local elections in October."
Human Freedom Index [PDF], The Human Freedom Index 2016
2014: 8.53, Rank: 11, Personal Freedom: 9.50, Economic Freedom: 7.56, Democracy Index: 8.32
Level of Economic Freedom, Economic Freedom of the World
2014: 7.56, Rank: 28


Ludwig von Mises, socialism's greatest enemy: His life and times, by Jim Powell
Lengthy biographical essay on Mises, including details on Menger and Böhm-Bawerk
"'Ignaz Seipel became Chancellor of Austria. Dr. Seipel, a Roman Catholic priest, honest and conscientious but naive about finance, was not the usual politician. Mises helped convince Seipel that inflation had to be stopped. ... Seipel emphasized that if stopping inflation was the moral thing to do, he would do it regardless of the short-term effects. He did it and was re-elected in 1923.'"