Fourth Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court
John Marshall

John Marshall (24 September 1755 – 6 July 1835) was an American politician and the fourth Chief Justice of the United States (1801–1835). His court opinions helped lay the basis for United States constitutional law and many say he made the Supreme Court of the United States a coequal branch of government along with the legislative and executive branches. Previously, Marshall had been a leader of the Federalist Party in Virginia and served in the United States House of Representatives from 1799 to 1800. He was Secretary of State under President John Adams from 1800 to 1801 and, at the age of 45, became the last of the chief justices to be born in Colonial America.


24 Sep 1755, in Germantown, Virginia


6 Jul 1835, in Philadelphia


John Marshall
Library of Virginia, from John Marshal exhibit 8 Jan-31 Mar 2001
John Marshall (1755 - 1835), by Richard Dixon, 1 Nov 2004
"From Revolution to Reconstruction", Department of Humanities Computing, University of Groningen, The Netherlands

Web Sites

Chief Justice John Marshall's Legacy
Landmark Supreme Court Cases, includes coverage of Marbury v. Madison, McCulloch v. Maryland, and Gibbons v. Ogden
The John Marshall House
APVA Preservation Virginia

Web Pages

John Marshall - Online Library of Liberty
Includes short profile and link to Marshall's biography of George Washington
"John Marshall was the Third Chief Justice of the United States and was chosen by George Washington's executor to write an authorized biography of him."


Bureaucracy and the Civil Service in the United States, by Murray Rothbard, The Journal of Libertarian Studies, 1995
Historical account of the evolution of the United States Civil Service and attempts to reform it, from its beginnings through the early 20th century
"Moreover, in one of his midnight appointments, President Adams appointed John Marshall of Virginia as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, a Federalist Chief Justice who would plague libertarian Republicans with his decisions for over three decades."
Getting Inside the Cult, by Ryan McMaken, 11 Dec 2000
"This is due largely to Chief Justice John Marshall's assertion in 1803 that the Supreme Court has the right of judicial review in federal law. No such thing was written into the Constitution, but Marshall managed to turn it into a massive power grab for the judicial system. Marshall wanted to turn the court into a body of sages aloof from common politics."
States' Rights vs. Monetary Monopoly, by Thomas DiLorenzo, 9 May 2003
"... John Marshall, chief justice of the Supreme Court ... , [in] coining the famous phrase that 'the power to tax involves the power to destroy' ... wasn't expressing a fear that taxation could destroy private initiative and private enterprise, but that it could limit the federal government's monetary monopoly."
What This Country Needs Is A Good, Old-Fashioned Constitutional Crisis, by Gary North, 7 Dec 2000
"... the Marbury v. Madison decision ... successfully interposed a new doctrine, unforeseen by most of the Constitution's Framers: judicial review. The Court arrogated to itself the right to overturn Federal laws. With this doctrine and a majority on the Court, the Federalist Party's supreme politician, Chief Justice John Marshall, hamstrung the Jeffersonians for over three decades."


U.S. Supreme Court, MARBURY v. MADISON, 5 U.S. 137 (1803), Feb 1803
"The Constitution is either a superior paramount law, unchangeable by ordinary means, or it is on a level with ordinary legislative acts, and, like other acts, is alterable when the legislature shall please to alter it. ... the theory of every such government must be, that an act of the legislature, repugnant to the constitution, is void."

The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "John Marshall" as of 01 May 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.