20th century Austrian-born British philosopher


Karl Popper - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"Sir Karl Raimund Popper, CH, KT, MA, Ph.D., D.LITT, FRS, FBA. (July 28, 1902 - September 17, 1994), was an Austrian and British philosopher and a professor at the London School of Economics. He is counted among the most influential philosophers of science of the 20th century, and also wrote extensively on social and political philosophy. Popper is perhaps best known for repudiating the classical observationalist-inductivist account of scientific method by advancing empirical falsifiability as the criterion for distinguishing scientific theory from non-science; and for his vigorous defense of liberal democracy and the principles of social criticism which he took to make the flourishing of the "open society" possible. ..."


28 Jul 1902, in Vienna


17 Sep 1994, in London


Interview with Robert Nozick, by Robert Nozick, Julian Sanchez, 26 Jul 2001
Topics discussed include: ethics, science and philosophy, Karl Popper and the scientific method, Ayn Rand and epistemology, consciousness, relativism and the academic left and Nozick himself
"Popper is famous for saying that induction can't be justified, that the only inferences that data support are to deductive consequences of the data .... Popper’s anti-inductive conclusions were always held to be counterintuitive, even ridiculous, but he swallowed them, and so did his followers. Now I'm saying something stronger than has been said thus far, namely, that their view is incoherent."
The life and times of F.A. Hayek, who explained why political liberty is impossible without economic liberty, by Jim Powell
Lengthy biographical essay, with extensive quotes both from Hayek and others (including Keynes)
"Hayek had Austrian-born philosopher Karl R. Popper speak at a seminar, and Popper expanded it into his most controversial book, The Open Society and Its Enemies (1945), a passionate attack on Plato and Karl Marx; Hayek helped find a publisher and persuaded colleagues at the London School of Economics to give Popper a teaching position -- rescuing him from a hostile academic environment in New Zealand. Through the ups and downs of Hayek's life, Popper remained his closest friend."