Legislative and other processes that inhibit economic and financial advancement

In theories of competition in economics, a barrier to entry, or an economic barrier to entry, is a fixed cost that must be incurred by a new entrant, regardless of production or sales activities, into a market that incumbents do not have or have not had to incur.


Two Kinds of Income Inequality, by Sheldon Richman, 22 Jan 2015
Differentiates between market (or inherent) and political-economic inequalities and recommends elimination of legislation enforcing the latter
"Political-economic systems throughout the world ... are in fact built on deeply rooted and long-established systems of privilege. ... political-economic inequality is unjust ... These interventions and more protect incumbent firms from conditions that would lower prices to consumers, create self-employment and worker-ownership opportunities, and improve bargaining conditions for wage labor."

The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "Barriers to entry" as of 18 Nov 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.