18th century French economist


Anne Robert Jacques Turgot, Baron de Laune - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"Anne-Robert-Jacques Turgot, Baron de Laune, often referred to as Turgot (May 10, 1727 - March 18, 1781), was a French statesman and economist. Born in Paris, he was the youngest son of Michel-Etienne Turgot, "Provost of the merchants" of Paris, and Madeleine Francoise Martineau de Brétignolles, and came of an old Norman family. He was educated for the Church, and at the Sorbonne, to which he was admitted in 1749 ..."


10 May 1727, in Paris, France


18 Mar 1781, in Paris, France


Life and Works of Anne Robert Jacques Turgot, by David M. Hart
The Library of Economics and Liberty


Anne Robert Jacques Turgot (1727 - 1781), Religion & Liberty, Feb 1996
"He initiated reforms intended to deregulate agriculture and industry, encourage free trade and open borders, and establish fairer labor practices. He thought that eliminating such restrictions on the economy would usher in an era of such unprecedented prosperity that the regime's fiscal problems would evaporate."
Anne Robert Jacques Turgot, Who First Put Laissez-Faire Principles into Action, by Jim Powell, The Freeman, Aug 1997
"Turgot displayed remarkable vision. For instance, he predicted the American Revolution in 1750, more than two decades before George Washington and Benjamin Franklin saw it coming. In 1778, Turgot warned Americans that slavery is incompatible with a good political constitution. He warned that Americans had more to fear from civil war than foreign enemies."
Editorial: Turgot and the Battle Against Physiocracy, by Leonard Liggio, Literature of Liberty, 1979
Editorial essay for volume II, number 1; discusses those who influenced Turgot and those influenced by him
"The continuing significance of Anne Robert Jacques Turgot (1727–1781) is both as a founder of modern economic science and as a powerful shaper of the Enlightenment idea of progress. The youthful Turgot was deeply moved by the liberal temper of Montesquieu's L'Esprit des Lois (1748). Turgot, however, found Montesquieu's determinism uncongenial; he was deeply impressed by the role of the human mind in molding history. ... Turgot was a disciple of one of the two masters of the Physiocratic School, the brilliant teacher J. C. M. Vincent de Gournay (1712–1759), in whose honor Turgot wrote his Eloge de Gournay."
The Brilliance of Turgot, by Murray Rothbard, 1986
Biography and review of Turgot's major writings; introduction to The Turgot Collection
"... Turgot points out that self-interest is the prime mover of the [market] process, and that individual interest in the free market must always coincide with the general interest. The buyer will select the seller who will give him the lowest price for the most suitable product, and the seller will sell his best merchandise at the highest competitive price."