First woman to receive an Electoral vote, 1972 Libertarian Vice-Presidential candidate
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  • FreedomPedia
  • Tonie Nathan

    Theodora Nathalia "Tonie" Nathan (9 February 1923 - 20 March 2014) was an American political figure. She was the first woman, as well as the first Jew, to receive an electoral vote in a United States presidential election. She was the 1972 vice presidential nominee of the Libertarian Party and running mate of John Hospers, when Roger MacBride, a Republican elector from Virginia, cast the historic vote as a faithless elector.


    Nathan, Tonie (1923-2014), by David Boaz, The Encyclopedia of Libertarianism, 15 Aug 2008
    Biographical essay
    "Theodora (Tonie) Nathan was the first woman and first Jewish person to receive an electoral vote. Nathan was a radio-TV producer in Eugene, Oregon, when she attended the first presidential nominating convention of the Libertarian Party in 1972. She was selected to run for vice president with presidential candidate John Hospers. Although the ticket received only 3,671 official votes, Virginia elector Roger L. MacBride chose to vote for Hospers and Nathan, rather than Nixon and Agnew, making Nathan the first woman in American history to receive an electoral vote. Nathan ... founded the Association of Libertarian Feminists in 1973."

    Images - Tonie Nathan
    200x323 JPEG, color


    20 Mar 2014, in Eugene, Oregon


    Advocates for Self-Government, Board of Advisors
    Association of Libertarian Feminists, Founder

    Web Pages

    Libertarian Party: History: Presidential & Vice-Presidential Candidates: 1972: Hospers/Nathan
    "Presidential Candidate: John Hospers; Vice Presidential Candidate: Theodora (Tonie) Nathan; On the ballot: 2 states; Votes: 3,907"
    Our Campaigns - Candidate Detail Page: Nathan, Theodora "Tonie"
    Representative In Congress 4th District: Tonie Nathan Libertarian
    Oregon 1996 General Election
    State Senator 21st District: Tonie Nathan Libertarian
    Oregon 1998 General Election
    Tonie Nathan - Libertarian
    Advocates for Self-Government


    Total Victory: How Sweet It Is! [PDF], by Murray Rothbard, The Libertarian Forum, 1983
    Lengthy account and commentary on the 1983 Libertarian Party presidential convention
    "Indeed, one of the best statements uttered at this convention was that of Tonie Nathan (Ore.) when she announced her race for the Presidential nomination: 'This used to be the party of principle. Now it is the party of "unity"'."


    On Feminism, Willamette Valley Observer, 1977
    Reprinted in On Libertarianism and the 25th anniversary issue of ALF News
    "The Association of Libertarian Feminists (ALF) was founded on Ayn Rand's birthday, February 2nd, 1973 in my home in Eugene, Oregon. The first members included men, as well as women. I felt an organization was needed to offer an alternative to other women's groups. It seemed to me that many women who felt unjustly treated by many of our present inequitable laws were being used by leftists and socialists for political purposes. It seemed important to counter this outside the Libertarian party."

    The introductory paragraph uses material from a Wikipedia article, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.