The Old Dominion - ratified Constitution 23 Jun 1788

Virginia, officially the Commonwealth of Virginia, is a state in the southeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States located between the Atlantic Ocean and the Appalachian Mountains. Virginia is nicknamed the "Old Dominion" due to its status as the first English colonial possession established in mainland North America and "Mother of Presidents" because eight U.S. presidents were born there, more than any other state. The geography and climate of the state are shaped by the Blue Ridge Mountains and the Chesapeake Bay, which provide habitat for much of its flora and fauna. The capital of the Commonwealth is Richmond; Virginia Beach is the most populous city and Fairfax County is the most populous political subdivision. The state's estimated population as of 2017 is over 8.4 million.

Patrick Henry, Governor, 1776-1779 and 1784-1786

Birthplace of

Patrick Henry, in Studley, Hanover County, on 29 May 1736
Thomas Jefferson, in Shadwell, on 13 Apr 1743
James Madison, in Port Conway, on 16 Mar 1751
John Marshall, in Germantown, on 24 Sep 1755
George Mason, in Fairfax County, on 11 Dec 1725
George Washington, in Popes Creek Plantation, Westmoreland County, on 22 Feb 1732

Deathplace of

James M. Buchanan, in Blacksburg, on 9 Jan 2013
Patrick Henry, in Red Hill, Charlotte County, on 6 Jun 1799
Karl Hess, in Charlottesville, on 22 Apr 1994
Thomas Jefferson, in Monticello, on 4 Jul 1826
James Madison, in Montpelier, on 28 Jun 1836
George Mason, in Gunston Hall, Mason Neck, on 7 Oct 1792
George Washington, in Mount Vernon, on 14 Dec 1799

Conferences and Conventions

The Future of Freedom Foundation, Restoring the Republic: Foreign Policy and Civil Liberties, in Reston, from 1 Jun to 4 Jun 2007
The Future of Freedom Foundation, Restoring the Republic 2008: Foreign Policy and Civil Liberties, in Reston, from 6 Jun to 8 Jun 2008
Libertarian Party of Virginia, 2004 State Convention, in Richmond, from 26 Mar to 27 Mar 2004
Libertarian Party of Virginia, 2006 State Convention, in Charlottesville, from 21 Apr to 22 Apr 2006

Measures of Freedom

Freedom in the 50 States 2015-2016 | Virginia | Cato Institute
2014: Overall rank: 21, fiscal policy rank: 12, regulatory policy rank: 23, personal freedom rank: 34, economic freedom rank: 15
LP State-by-State Membership Numbers, Libertarian Party News, Apr 2006
31 Dec 2005: Number of Members: 658


Interview with James Buchanan, by James M. Buchanan, The Region, Sep 1995
Topics include The Calculus of Consent, public choice theory, monetary policy and the Federal Reserve
"That appellation Virginia School was put on us by Mancur Olson in a speech he gave. ... When Warren Nutter and I joined the faculty of the University of Virginia in 1957, we had already discussed the fact that we needed ... some research program that would be more of a return to the emphasis of classical political economy ... we set up what we called ... the Thomas Jefferson Center for Political Economy at Charlottesville, University of Virginia. We set up a graduate program. ... So we made an impact on the profession in terms of making the Virginia product a little different, a little unique."
Notes on the State of Virginia, by Thomas Jefferson, 1782
Written in 1781, corrected and enlarged in 1782 and published 27 Feb 1787; presented as a series of 23 questions and answers covering geographic, demographic, economic, legal, historic and other details of the state
"Virginia is bounded on the East by the Atlantic: on the North by a line of latitude, crossing the Eastern Shore through Watkins's Point, being about 37 degrees.57' North latitude; from thence by a streight line to Cinquac, near the mouth of Patowmac; thence by the Patowmac, which is common to Virginia and Maryland, to the first fountain of its northern branch; thence by a meridian line, passing through that fountain till it intersects a line running East and West, in latitude 39 degrees.43'.42.4" which divides Maryland from Pennsylvania, and which was marked by Messrs. Mason and Dixon ..."
Roads, Cars, and Responsibility, by Scott McPherson, 7 Apr 2004
The Eminent-Domain Origin of Shenandoah National Park, by Bart Frazier, Future of Freedom, Sep 2006
"The bill that Coolidge signed stipulated that no federal funds could be used to acquire the land the park would comprise. The job of obtaining the land therefore fell to the Commonwealth of Virginia. The idea of buying the land from the owners was immediately ruled out, as it was thought too difficult an undertaking."
The Virginia Declaration of Rights, by George Mason, 26 May 1776
This first draft was handwritten by Mason ca. 20-26 May; the page has links to images of the original document
"The Virginia Convention met in Williamsburg on May 6, 1776, and by May 15th had passed a resolution calling for the Virginia delegates at the Continental Congress to move for independence. At the same time they formed a committee for drafting a bill of rights and a constitution for Virginia. George Mason took the lead on this project and his notes below are considered the first draft. To this draft eight additional propositions were added by the committee before it was read to the Convention on May 27, 1776. After debate, and several changes, the Declaration of Rights was passed unanimously on June 11, 1776."
The Virginia Declaration of Rights, by George Mason, 12 Jun 1776
This is the final version, mostly based on Mason's draft, adopted unanimously by the Virginia Convention of Delegates
"A DECLARATION OF RIGHTS made by the Representatives of the good people of VIRGINIA, assembled in full and free Convention; which rights do pertain to them and their posterity, as the basis and foundation of Government. ...
Adopted unanimously June 12, 1776
Virginia Convention of Delegates"

The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "Virginia" as of 31 Oct 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.