Agricultural scientist, the "father of the Green Revolution"
Norman Borlaug

Norman Ernest Borlaug (25 March 1914 – 12 September 2009) was an American agronomist and humanitarian who led initiatives worldwide that contributed to the extensive increases in agricultural production termed the Green Revolution. Borlaug was awarded multiple honors for his work, including the Nobel Peace Prize, the Presidential Medal of Freedom and the Congressional Gold Medal.

Born

25 Mar 1914, Norman Ernest Borlaug, in Cresco, Iowa

Died

12 Sep 2009, in Dallas, Texas

Awards Received

1970 Nobel Peace Prize, by The Norwegian Nobel Committee, Nobel Peace Prize
Includes photo, biographical profile and award presentation speech by the chairwoman of the Nobel Committee

Articles

35 Heroes of Freedom: Celebrating the people who have made the world groovier and groovier since 1968, by Reason, Reason, Dec 2003
"Eclectic, irreverent" list of individuals who, according to Reason editors, "have made the world a freer, better, and more libertarian place by example, invention, or action" (includes the unknown martyr of Tiananmen Square and "The Yuppie")
"The 'father of the Green Revolution' is one Nobel Peace Prize winner (1970) who fully deserved the honor. Not only did he help raise crop yields in the developing world so that literally billions of people didn't starve, he remains an outspoken critic of environmentalists who attack the biotechnology that will help wipe out world hunger, of international development programs that often do more harm than good, and of kleptocrats who fill their own stomachs while their citizens starve."
Norman Earnest Borlaug - Hero of the Day, by John C. LeGere, The Daily Objectivist, 2000
"Meet the man ... whose work, according to sober estimates, has led to the saving of a billion lives: Norman Borlaug, father of the Green Revolution, the man who fed the world. In 1963, after twenty years of research, Dr. Borlaug's team began shipping their hybrid 'Mexican Dwarf' wheat seeds to India, which was then importing one fifth of the American wheat harvest and still teetering on the edge of starvation. The new seeds soon more than doubled their yield of wheat per acre. In only five years India's annual crop surged from 12 million to 20 million tons. They now produce 70 million tons, and export wheat for the world market."

Interviews

Billions Served: Norman Borlaug interviewed by Ronald Bailey, by Norman Borlaug, Ronald Bailey, Reason, Apr 2000
Topics discussed include his current projects, Africa, roads, DDT, biotech, crossing genetic barriers in nature, biodiversity, monarch butterflies, organic produce, Lester Brown, Paul Ehrlich, India and the Green Revolution
"Who has saved more human lives than anyone else in history? ... Who still teaches at Texas A&M at the age of 86? The answer is Norman Borlaug. ... Borlaug grew up on a small farm in Iowa and graduated from the University of Minnesota, where he studied forestry and plant pathology, in the 1930s. In 1944, the Rockefeller Foundation invited him to work on a project to boost wheat production in Mexico. ... Borlaug and his staff in Mexico spent nearly 20 years breeding the high-yield dwarf wheat that sparked the Green Revolution, the transformation that forestalled the mass starvation predicted by neo-Malthusians."

The introductory paragraph uses material from the Wikipedia article "Norman Borlaug" as of 21 Jun 2018, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.